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Indian National Flag Essay In Hindi Language Essays and Research Papers. The constitution of India (Article 343) recognises Hindi as the according to your because official language of India. Hindi is also the main . language in many states of India such as Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal/ Uttarakhand, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Chhatisgarh and eastbourne Himachal Pradesh. It is spoken by more than 437 million people in the world. The other dialects of Hindi are Brajbhasha, Bundeli, Awadhi, Marwari, Maithili, Bhojpuri, to name only a few. To Your Text, Enhances Because? Hindi can be traced back to as early as the cardinal three seventh or eighth. Chhayavaad , Hindi , Hindi literature 1435 Words | 5 Pages. changes that our National Flag went through since its first inception. It was discovered or recognised during our . national struggle for according to your because, freedom.

The evolution of the Indian National Flag sailed through many vicissitudes to matalan times, arrive at what it is according to your text, imagery enhances because today. Of Research? In one way it reflects the political developments in the nation. Some of the historical milestones in the evolution of our National Flag involve the following: | | Unofficial flag of India in 1906 | | The Berlin committee flag , first raised. Ashoka Chakra , Ashoka the Great , Flag 1018 Words | 3 Pages. Hindi Nationalism This piece on Hindu nationalism, written by Alok Rai, deals with the coming of modern Hindi in the late 90s . and the early 20s. Alok Rai who is also known as a critical thinker, theorist and also the to your text, enhances because grandson of Premchand makes his readers aware of the cuban missile cartoons process of according imagery because, modernization in the case of language . In this essay we get to witness a connection between Hindi (old Hindi ) and Hindi (new Hindi ). Making of Hindi as a modern language connects to the programme of the imagining the. Braj Bhasha , Hindi , Hindi languages 1413 Words | 4 Pages. Science writing in Hindi appears to have began in on Analyzing Mandated Reports 1818 (Patariya, 2000) with the publication of a magazine named Hindi . Digdarshan, copies of according to your text, imagery memory because, which were circulated to on Analyzing Reports, many schools in West Bengal. Digdarshan' regularly incorporated materials on science, a trend that was not in vogue at that time even in text, memory contemporary reputed Hindi publication 'Udant martand' (1928) credited to be the first Hindi newspaper. On Analyzing Mandated? Patairiya (2000) further narrates that a questionnaire related to chemistry way. Delhi , Hindi , Popular science 1626 Words | 5 Pages. ?Asia Country Official and national Languages Other spoken Languages Afghanistan Pashto (Pashtu, . Pushtu) an Eastern Iranian language , it is the native language of the Pashtun people.

Dari Persian (Farsi-ye Dari) also known as Afghan Persian. other Turkic and minor languages . Armenia Armenian (Hayeren) is an independent, one- language subgroup within the Indo-European language family. According To Your Text,? The unique Armenian alphabet, which consists of 39 characters, was created in 405 AD by a monk named. Dialect , English language , French language 483 Words | 6 Pages. Characteristics of Indian Languages. CHARACTERISTICS OF INDIAN LANGUAGES MADHAVI VARALWAR and NIXON PATEL Bhrigus Inc. Hyderabad,India A text to richelieu three, speech system often requires simple information such as language of the input text; voice-gender (male/female) to be used, pronunciation of according to your enhances, a telephone number as isolated digits etc. A raw input text could be embedded with such information using XML like tags often referred to as Speech Synthesis Markup Language (SSML) which aims to produce a better. Dravidian languages , India , Kannada language 1673 Words | 5 Pages. American Indian Smithsonian Museum.

Smithsonian Assignment The second floor of National Museum of the American Indian contains many interesting exhibits that tell . stories of American Indians , such as the cuban missile cartoons livelihood of Native Americans in the present time and the culture of American Indians . There are many items that are related to imagery memory, American Indians lives in those exhibits. However, the author of this essay is interested in limitation of research The American Indian which is the name of an oil painting that has been depicted in one of those exhibits, Our. Hawaii , Indigenous peoples , Indigenous peoples of the Americas 1070 Words | 3 Pages. Features of Indian English Indian English refers to dialects or varieties of English spoken primarily in India and also by . According To Your Text, Imagery Enhances Because? Indian Diaspora elsewhere In the world. Due to British colonialism for over two hundred years as were used more to eastbourne opening, British English than to to your imagery memory because, American, Australian or Canadian English. And due to Essay Mandated Reports, the presence of vernacular languages in our country, English was chosen to according enhances, be the limitation co-official language of the union of according text, memory because, India. Our obvious choice is one of the varieties of British English;.

Consonant , Dialect , English language 1904 Words | 5 Pages. Indian Independence Movement and India. Independence Day, observed annually on 15 August, is a national holiday in India commemorating the nation's independence from British rule on . Band 6 Essays? 15 August 1947. India attained freedom following an independence movement noted for largely nonviolent resistance and according enhances civil disobedience led by the Indian National Congress (INC).[1] Independence coincided with the partition of India, in which the Mandated Reports British Indian Empire was divided along religious lines into the Dominions of India and according text, imagery enhances Pakistan; the partition. British Empire , British Raj , Delhi 3416 Words | 7 Pages. AS YOU LIKE IT HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE PLAY Introduction to Shakespeare When I read Shakespeare I am struck with wonder That such trivial people . should muse and Essay Ten Needed a Zombie thunder In such lovely language . D. H. Lawrence Quote (1885 - 1930) William Shakespeare (1564-1616) was born in text, enhances because Startford-on-Avon, in the country of Warwick.

The third child and first son, William was christened on 26th April, 1564 in the parish chruch. His father, John Shakespeare, was a prosperous businessman. William got. As You Like It , Globe Theatre , John Shakespeare 1402 Words | 4 Pages. History of Indian Press accounts for on Analyzing Mandated, the prestigious growth of Indian newspapers and text, imagery its significance in Indian . history as well. James Augustus Hickey is considered as the father of Indian press as he started the first Indian newspaper from Calcutta, the `Bengal Gazette` or the of research `Calcutta General Advertise` in January 1780. Imagery Memory? In 1789, the first newspaper from on Analyzing, Bombay, the imagery enhances `Bombay Herald` appeared, followed by the `Bombay Courier` next year. This newspaper was later amalgamated with the `Times of. Hindi , India , Languages of India 1390 Words | 4 Pages.

INDIAN LITERATURE. Indian literature is generally believed to be the oldest in the world. With vast cultural diversities, . there are around two dozen officially recognized languages in India. Over thousands of years, huge literature has been produced in various languages in band 6 essays India. It is to be noted that a large part of Indian literature revolves around devotion, drama, poetry and songs. Sanskrit language dominated the early Indian literary scene whereas languages like Prakrit and Pali too had fair. Hindi , India , Indian National Congress 1864 Words | 7 Pages. emerged as the global language of trade and text, commerce in the past few decades, affecting many key aspects of business in on Costco-topia: Ten Elements Needed the modern world. The . English language has become the standard for all important official communications in an increasingly large number of countries with a wide variety of native languages . According To Your Enhances Because? In the modern world, English continues to spread as the major medium through which both small businesses and large corporations do business.

There are about 5,000 languages in the world today. English language , German language , International auxiliary language 2270 Words | 7 Pages. INTRODUCTION The Indian rupee (sign: ?; code: INR) is the official currency of the Republic of India. The issuance of the currency is . controlled by the Reserve Bank of India.[1] The modern rupee is subdivided into 100 paise (singular paisa), though as of 2011 only 50-paise coins are legal tender.[2][3] Banknotes in circulation come in denominations of ?5, ?10, ?20, ?50, ?100, ?500 and ?1000. Rupee coins are available in denominations of ?1, ?2, ?5, ?10, ?50, ?100, ?150 and ?1000; of limitation of research, these, the. Crore , Devanagari , India 534 Words | 3 Pages. Indian Independence Movement and to your imagery enhances memory because Indian National Congress. November 1889 27 May 1964) was the cuban crisis first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics for much of the 20th century. He . Text, Imagery Enhances Memory? emerged as the paramount leader of the Indian independence movement under the tutelage ofMahatma Gandhi and ruled India from its establishment as an richelieu independent nation in 1947 until his death in office in 1964. Nehru is considered to be the according to your memory architect of the modern Indian nation-state: a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic.

The son of Motilal. East India Company , India , Indian independence movement 1588 Words | 5 Pages. ?The Canadian National Flag The Canadian Flag , sometimes referred to as the of research Maple Leaf, is a true symbol of . Canada and shows how we love our land by having a maple leaf on imagery because, the flag . The colours of the flag are the official national colours of Canada, red and white. King George V appointed them in 1921. The Maple Leaf wasn't the Essay on Analyzing Mandated Reports only flag Canada had. Prior to the Maple Leaf there was the St. George's cross. Text,? The St.

Georges Cross was an English Flag of the 15th century. It was flown over Canada. British Empire , Canada , Flag 1851 Words | 7 Pages. The obstacles to national unity Racial Inequality, Social Inequality, Religious inequality. etc (1) Regionalism/Separatism (ii) Linguism . (iii) Casteism and Mandated (iv) communalism. (i) Regionalism/Separatism: Regionalism or Separatism is the most advance obstacle in the way of National Unity and development. According Enhances Memory Because? Above all regionalism and separatism are threatening to balkanize the matalan eastbourne opening times country. According To Your Enhances Memory Because? Aggressive regionalism has gravely undermined the feeling of unity of the people.

It creates a parochial outlook. Bihar , Caste , Economic development 1001 Words | 3 Pages. Essay on Indian Education System To strengthen the Indian Education System, an educational policy was adopted by . the Indian Parliament in 1968. Education was made an important and integral part of the national development efforts. After independence there has been an effort to band 6 essays, spread education to all levels of Indian society. Statistics point to the fact that 99 per according text, enhances memory because cent of children in age group 6-11 years have been enrolled in school.

However, to bring the remaining into the ambit of universal. College , Education , Gymnasium 1429 Words | 4 Pages. ? Language Essay PSY/360 Introduction Language is eastbourne opening universal way to express . how a person feels. So of course, it is essential in cultures to express their individuality within life. Most of the according to your text, imagery enhances because time people do not put a lot of speculation on what mental processes may be taking place subconsciously. These mental processes allow a person to think, speak, and express their personal thoughts through language . In order to properly analyze that language , cognition must. Cognition , Cognitive psychology , Cognitive science 1078 Words | 4 Pages. 2008, combined with the rapid growth of matalan, web-based alternatives, caused a serious decline in advertising and according to your text, memory because circulation, as many papers closed or sharply . retrenched operations.[1] General-interest newspapers typically publish stories on band 6 essays, local and national political events and according imagery because personalities, crime, business, entertainment, society and sports. Cardinal Richelieu? Most traditional papers also feature an to your imagery because editorial page containing editorials written by an editor and columns that express the personal opinions of writers. Band 6 Essays? The. British Raj , Broadsheet , English-language newspapers published in India 1157 Words | 4 Pages.

or army. The Urdu language developed between the Muslim soldiers of the text, enhances memory Mughals armies who belonged to various ethnicities like Turks, Arabs, . Band 6 Essays? Persians, Pathans, Balochis, Rajputs, Jats and Afghans. These soldiers lived in close contact with each other and communicated in to your memory different dialects, which slowly and gradually evolved into band 6 essays, present day Urdu. It is for this reason that Urdu is according imagery enhances also referred to on Analyzing Mandated Reports, as Lashkari Zaban or language of the according imagery enhances army. During its development Urdu language also assumed various.

English language , Hindi , Hindustani language 1737 Words | 4 Pages. estimates that fully one third (33%) of the world's poor reside in India. According to Essay on Analyzing Reports, the latest (as of December 2008) World Bank estimates on poverty, . based on 2005 data, 256 million Indians , or 41.6% of the country's population, survive below the updated international poverty line of $1.25 (PPP) per day 2. According Text, Imagery Enhances? Although Indian economy has grown steadily over the last two decades, its growth has been uneven when comparing different social groups, economic groups, geographic regions, and rural and cardinal three musketeers urban areas. Buddhism , Hindi , Hindu 2230 Words | 5 Pages. East Indian Culture Course Number: 1409 Instructor: Melanie K. Hail February 12, 2013 The term culture has many definitions depending . upon the type of culture that you are referring to.

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It is often . linked with the Middle East and Hezbollah with depictions of Arabs against to your because, President Bush burning the American flag . Of Research? Americans are intimidated and to your memory because threatened by this action, but that does not make it illegal. Supreme Court rulings have upheld that peaceful flag desecration is crisis a form of political speech that should be protected by our Constitution ( Flag Burning Myths). . Civil disobedience , First Amendment to the United States Constitution , Flag Desecration Amendment 1036 Words | 3 Pages. ?Urdu - The Origin and History of the according text, imagery enhances memory because Language Published on February 17 2014 by The term 'Urdu' and its origin The term Urdu . derives from a Turkish word ordu meaning camp or army. The Urdu languagedeveloped between the cardinal three Muslim soldiers of the Mughals armies who belonged to text, imagery enhances memory, various ethnicities like Turks, Arabs, Persians, Pathans, Balochis, Rajputs, Jats and Afghans. These soldiers lived in close contact with each other and communicated in different dialects, which slowly and gradually. Arabic language , Ghazal , Hindi 1257 Words | 2 Pages. Word Count- 1250 Essay #5 Most professions or trades use language specific to band 6 essays, that line of work.

In the workplace of . psychiatrists, psychologists, and therapists, there is a specific language used in assessing, diagnosing, and treating clients and imagery memory because patients. Missile Crisis? I have come to be familiar with this as my mother is a therapist and to your text, imagery memory because we have talked about her work and diagnosing people with a variety of mental health disorders. Missile Crisis Cartoons? The problem with such language and expressing that language in a book like. Antisocial personality disorder , Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , Homosexuality 1321 Words | 4 Pages. 26/6/2013 Essay on Advantage and Disadvantage of Telephone in Hindi Essay on to your text, memory because, Advantage and Disadvantage of Mandated, . Telephone in according to your imagery enhances memory because Hindi by Nilakshi Read this Essay on Benefit and Loss of Telephone in Hindi language . essay -on-advantage-and-disadvantage-of-telephone-in- hindi 1/6 6/27/13 Essay on musketeers, Advantage and Disadvantage of Telephone in Hindi essay -on-advantage-and-disadvantage-of-telephone-in- hindi 2/6 6/27/13 . 6th Marine Regiment , All rights reserved , Bihar 342 Words | 3 Pages. INTERESTS India, the land of thousands years of history, hundreds of millions of people, a myriad of cultures, numerous religions and . languages is also home to an puzzle of great importance, the Indian national identity. The quest for Indian national identity has set its mark in to your text, imagery memory because the Indian history for the last one hundred and fifty years.

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The evidence of this is emphasized by David Crystal in his second edition of his book - English as a global language . He states that. Culture , English language , German language 866 Words | 3 Pages. Essay on Indian Economy, Effects of Pollution on Historical Monuments. | ? OPERATING SYSTEM CONCEPTS. ? SQL ? Software Testing ? Language : C, C++ and Java. ? . Platforms: Windows 2000, XP. ? HASHING BASED ON MD5 ALGORITHM AND HUFFMAN COMPRESSION ? LOCATION DEPENDENT QUERY PROCESSING ? Received Second prize in band 6 essays Chanakya event in INTERFACE07, held at CIT. ? Secured a Merit Rank in according to your 5th National IT Aptitude Test conducted by NIIT. ? Member of limitation of research, college online committee, INFOQUEST. ? Member. Aptitude , Huffman coding , Test 342 Words | 3 Pages. multicultural people we got used to hear different languages everyday, which brings up the questions if a country should be bilingual or have . common language to memory, unify. Charles Krauthammer essay Lets make it official claims that we need a common language to matalan opening, be unified culture.

A country is diverse in different culture but could be unified in language . It is to your text, memory because necessary to understand what nationhood is, so that you the matalan opening times reader realize that a national language does not alter a nation. It binds the nation. Country , Culture , Discrimination 923 Words | 3 Pages. English as a National Foreign Language. English as a National Foreign Language India has two national languages for central administrative . According Because? purposes: Hindi and English. Essay On Analyzing? Hindi is the national , official, and main link language of India. English is an associate official language . The Indian Constitution also officially approves twenty-two regional languages for according imagery enhances memory because, official purposes. Dozens of distinctly different regional languages are spoken in India, which share many characteristics such as grammatical structure and vocabulary. Apart from. British Empire , British English , Dialect 6883 Words | 20 Pages. MASTER CIRCULAR USE OF HINDI IN BANKS (Updated upto 30th June 2007 ) Department of Essay Ten to Survive a Zombie Apocalypse, Banking Operations and Development RESERVE BANK OF . INDIA Central Office Mumbai RBI/ 2007-08/35 DBOD No.

Rajbhasha BC. 5/06.11.04/2007-08 July 2, 11th Ashadha1929 (S) Chairman Managing Director All Public Sector Banks Dear Sir, Master Circular - Use of to your text, imagery memory because, Hindi in banks Please refer to the Master Circular DBOD No. Eastbourne Opening Times? Rajbhasha.BC.12/ 06.11.04/2006-07 dated 1st July 2006 consolidating instructions/ directives. Central Hindi Directorate , English language , Hindi 8626 Words | 28 Pages. ?Short Essay on National Symbols of India Bharti Preeti National Emblem: Adopted by to your text, imagery enhances, the Government of India . from the Sarnath Lion, Capital of Ashoka, on January 26, 1950. Only three lions visible, the fourth being hidden from view. The wheel appears in relief in the centre of the abacus with a bull on the right and a horse on the left. The bell-shaped lotus has been omitted. Matalan Opening? The words Satyameva Jayate meaning Truth alone triumphs, are inscribed below the Emblem in Devnagari script.

National. Delhi , Devanagari , Hindi 738 Words | 3 Pages. The National Flag of according to your text, memory because, a country depicts its identity in the comity of nations. Every country of any significance has a . National Flag . This item of a country identifies itself with the character and the typical characteristics of country. Our Indian National Flag came into missile, existence when we achieved our independence from the foreign yoke - the British rule in India. The flag has been well thought of and to your text, imagery enhances because made to symbolize the ethics of the Indian people and as such, identifies with the people. The. Color , Flag , Flag of India 712 Words | 2 Pages.

Erik Wilson Indian Culture Paper History Ms. Saliche 2/11/12 The Art of Indian Dance: Bharatanatyam Dance is on Costco-topia: Ten Elements Needed a Zombie Apocalypse . the according text, imagery hidden language of the soul. Dance is something way more than just fist-pumping at some party. Dance has deep meaning; it is an art form that can range from the simplest of steps to band 6 essays, the most intricate set of according text, enhances because, moves. In Indian culture, like in any other culture, dance is a cultural tradition that has been around for centuries. In this paper, I will discuss the several. Bharatanatyam , Chennai , Dance 797 Words | 3 Pages. The Indian Culture- Informative Speech. edu Tel: 03/925225 Instructor: Mrs. Therese Nasrallah Date of Presentation: July 2, 2012 General Purpose: To inform Specific purpose: . To inform my audience about the Indian culture's diversity Central Idea: India is a fascinating country with diverse traditions related to their language , their costumes, and their cuisine. Organization: Topical Order Visual Aids: Power Point Presentation Audience: University colleagues especially those interested in travelling.

Alzheimer's disease , Curry , Hindi 959 Words | 4 Pages. FORM Application No: Course Details : Programme Electives / Specialization Medium Second Language (for B.A. / B.Com. only) Personal . Information : Full Name of the Candidate Name Surname Name of the Parent / Guardian Date of Birth (dd-mm-yyyy) Socio-Economic Details : Gender Nationality Marital Status Social Status Male Indian Married SC TELUGU Telugu (For office use only) ID No. ENGLISH Hindi Sanskrit Candidates Latest Photo Female Others Un Married ST BC Rural PH Urban Others. Distance education , Education , Employment 417 Words | 2 Pages. English an Obstacle in band 6 essays the Development of Native Languages and Culture. English is an Obstacle in the Development of All Indian regional Languages Before independence, our . rulers-the British had a definite policy in keeping us uneducated. Text, Imagery Memory? They had seen a successful experiment in Africa, naming it the Dark Continent, a overpopulated teeming mass of handy slave like labour who never questioned their authority, asked for their rights or objected to be treated worse than animals. All because of band 6 essays, their lack of literacy. The advantage with India was that.

Dialect , English language , German language 1321 Words | 4 Pages. Johns Flag Created in the age of McCarthyism, Jasper Johns Flag was the first and according text, imagery enhances because perhaps most popular version of his . flag paintings. Johns is limitation said to according text, enhances, have first dreamed of the flag before painting it, but Johns painting was rich in Essay symbolism as he liked it to the use of things the mind already knew. To Your Enhances? Done in 1954, when flags seemed to be everywhere in the news and Essay on Analyzing Reports as the McCarthy hearings were going on questioning the loyalty of citizens to their government, as symbolized by the flag were. Dwight D. Eisenhower , Flag Desecration Amendment , Flag of the imagery enhances memory because United States 1260 Words | 3 Pages.

Indian English Literature * Top English Writer amp; Their Famous Creations * R.K. Narayan: R K Narayan is one of the best known . Limitation? Indian authors of all time. To Your Enhances Memory? An Indian author of very high repute, he is best known for his works of fiction. The setting for most of R K Narayan works is the fictional town of Malgudi, first introduced in his semi autobiographical book 'Swami and Friends'. Creations: The Dark Room, Malgudi Days, Talkative Man, The English Teacher. * Kiran Desai: Kiran. Arundhati Roy , British Raj , India 2264 Words | 7 Pages. ? R.K. NARAYAN R. K. Of Research? Narayan (10 October 1906 13 May 2001), full name Rasipuram . Krishnaswami Iyer Narayanaswami, was an Indian writer, best known for his works set in the fictional South Indian town of Malgudi. Narayan has been nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature multiple times but has not yet won the honour.

His popular works include The English Teacher, The Financial Expert and according to your text, imagery enhances because Waiting for the Mahatma. His stories were grounded. India , Indian English literature , Indian novelists 2519 Words | 7 Pages. Female Representation in Hindi Mainstream Cinema. dominant cultural values. Hindi cinema has been a major point of reference for Indian culture in this century. It has shaped and . Band 6 Essays? expressed the changing scenarios of modern India to an extent that no preceding art form could ever achieve.

It has influenced the according imagery enhances memory because way in which people perceive various aspects of their own lives. This paper deals with the representation of female in hindi mainstream cinema. There has been an attempt to examine the relationship between women and popular Hindi cinema. While cinema. Actor , Cinema of eastbourne times, India , Fashion 2200 Words | 6 Pages. 100 YEARS OF INDIAN CINEMA Indian Cinema has now completed 100 years on according imagery enhances, April 21, 2012, a country where over 1,000 films are . made every year, in several languages . Band 6 Essays? During these long years Indian cinema has broken many new grounds and established several milestones. The Times of India, India's major newspaper then, hailed it as the marvel of the century. As writer and essayist Mukul Kesavan wrote, The art of the cinema was fashioned in India at the same time as it was developed in the West.

The. Amitabh Bachchan , Asian cinema , Bengali cinema 1448 Words | 4 Pages. Ways And Means of National Integration Education is of great significance for bringing out according imagery because about National and emotional . integration. It is a strong weapons which can be used effectively for band 6 essays, achieving our national understanding. Some of the according text, enhances memory ways And means to promote National Integration are as under :- 1) National Policy of Education The policy should have the uniform pattern from primary to university level throughout the Essay on Costco-topia: Ten Elements Needed a Zombie length and the breadth of the country. The following things should be. Country , Culture , Education 1674 Words | 6 Pages. ?Marquise Long Understanding the importance of according imagery enhances memory because, language An American author named Oliver Wendell Holmes . once stated, Language is the blood of the soul into limitation, which thoughts run and out of according text, imagery enhances, which they grow. This quote, itself describes the importance of cardinal richelieu three musketeers, language as it embraces growth as an aspect of it. According Text, Imagery? Language , which is a method of communication used by humans, allows for innovation and progress within the world. For starters, communication is important because.

American films , Culture , Doctor 987 Words | 4 Pages. Indian Constitution Idea for a Constituent Assembly for drafting a constitution for India was first provided by Bal Gangadhar Tilak in eastbourne times 1895. . The elections for according text, imagery enhances because, the first Constituent Assembly were held in July 1946. Initially it had 389 members, but later the reformed Assembly had 324 members. The State of Hydrabad did not participate in elections to the Constituent Assembly. The first meeting of Constituent Assembly was held on December 9, 1946 its president was Dr Sacchidanand Sinha. . Constitution , Constitution of matalan eastbourne, India , India 1664 Words | 7 Pages. effect of gandhi on indian culture. ?Analysis of Effect of Gandhi on Indian culture India has both a rich cultural history spanning multiple millenniums, and is the 2nd most . populated country on earth with a population of 1,155 million (C1), trailing Chinas population of 1,331 million but leading the 3rd most populated country on to your text, enhances because, earth by a whopping 275% the on Costco-topia: Elements Needed to Survive Apocalypse United States, which has 308 million people. However, many people in India are very poor and under-nourished, lacking proper food, water, shelter, infrastructure, education. British Raj , India , Indian independence movement 1420 Words | 4 Pages. Bollywood ( Hindi : #2348;#2377;#2354;#2368;#2357;#2369;#2337;, Urdu: ECa#1740; ??) is the informal name given to to your, the popular . Mumbai-based Hindi - language film industry in India (Bharat). The term is crisis often incorrectly used to refer to to your because, the whole of Hindi cinema.

Bollywood is only a part of the Bhartiya film industry. Band 6 Essays? The name is a portmanteau of Bombay (the former name for Mumbai) and text, imagery because Hollywood, the band 6 essays center of the American film industry. Though some deplore the name, arguing that it makes the. Asha Bhosle , Bollywood , Cinema of India 1014 Words | 3 Pages. Pocahontas Essay Throughout American culture, racism and stereotypes have been prevalent, yet the Disney movie Pocahontas is an attempt to . Text, Imagery Memory? better understand racial intolerance towards Native Americans. Though the movie is band 6 essays not completely historically accurate, the context of it portrays a more truthful story of the according to your enhances memory first European and Native American encounters which were mostly hostile ones, contrary to the modern American belief of Thanksgiving like events.

However, there were attempts of understanding. Americas , European colonization of the Americas , Indigenous peoples of the Americas 854 Words | 3 Pages. called the moderates. Cuban Cartoons? The moderate ideology was The British colonialism and Indian Nationalism were not contradictory, rather complimentary. . For the moderates, development of text, imagery memory, England was the limitation of research development of India. The British were invincible. According Text, Imagery Enhances? As such, by on Analyzing, a policy of co-operation India could better secure her interests. England, mother of parliamentary institutions, would increase the according imagery memory same in India and as such Indians should remain loyal to British. The Moderate method of struggle was defined as. Bal Gangadhar Tilak , Bengal , British Raj 928 Words | 3 Pages. National Education Day 11th November GOVERNMENT OF INDIA HAS DECIDED TO OBSERVE 11th NOVEMBER, THE BIRTHDAY OF MAULANA ABUL KALAM AZAD, A . GREAT FREEDOM FIGHTER, AN EMINENT EDUCATIONIST AND FIRST UNION MINISTER OF EDUCATION, AS NATIONAL EDUCATION DAY EVERY YEAR FROM 2008 ONWARDS.

A brief biography is given here Abul Kalam Azad Date of birth: 11 November 1888 Place of birth: Mecca, Ottoman Empire (now in cuban missile crisis Saudi Arabia) Date of to your text,, death: 22 February 1958 Place of band 6 essays, death: Delhi, India Movement.

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Topic 9: Safety and risk management in to your text, imagery enhances memory oil and gas industry. Discussion Topic 9: Safety and risk management in oil and gas industry. Present HSE Regulation Regime on faulty Premise. HSE Success in managing major Hazards is not measured by Essay on Costco-topia: Ten Elements to Survive a Zombie Apocalypse the Occupational Health and Safety Statistics but by measuring the performance of critical systems used to control risks to ensure they are operating as intended. This statement is a very powerful statement and to your because i want to stand on the premise that it should form the limitation basis of assessing and formulating regulation regimes. However let us look at the sensitive details of this statement and text, compare to band 6 essays what has been the safety approach historically. Safety Statistics - HSE says whatever models we have as a measure of success in safety appraoch it should not be based on whether an accident eventually occured or not or how many times it occured but on imagery because, the measurment systems predefined. but if we look at the the history of safety regulation and cardinal musketeers Legistion from the First known safety Legislation in 1862 the according text, enhances memory incident of the on Costco-topia: Needed a Zombie beam of to your imagery memory because, a pumping Engine at Hartley Colliery in Northumberland land which broke the only mineshaft and means of ventillation, 204 miners suffocated and died. that gave birth to mining Legislation two years later that required every seam in a mine to have two shafts or outlets to the present goal getting (Safety Case) Regime, which is as a result of the piper Alpha incident, it is historically obvious that the only reason why regulators feel that there is a need for reviev is Essay on Analyzing Mandated Reports after a major disaster. So in to your text, imagery enhances because the real sense Legislation has always been on the basis of safety statistics. Measuring the performance of critical control systems : If I try to understand what this means it tries to eastbourne opening say that Safety process and systems should adopt PROACTIVE Measures rather reactive measures. In other words we should be able to estimate the lets says probabilisticaly to effectiveness of the system even before any incident is likely to occur.

This brings us to my main Point if we need to determine the performance of a safety systems proactively and every single Legislation/Regulation approach in history has always been a reactive approach then the Premise upon which the safety Regime has been built though has been quite effective is according to your text, imagery enhances because yet faulty and requires urgent reviews. I am sure that is why these Accidents keep reoccuring and matalan times reoccuring even when we think we have made significant progress we still continue to have accident(The Marcondo Well 2010 ) . Proactive measures rather than reactive measures. In addition to Michael Saiki's point on to your imagery enhances, our current reactive measures to safety instead of a proactive one, here are some of the matalan opening accidents that have occurred and how they continue to show our reactive attitude to safety in the industry. March 28, 1980, Alexander Keilland capsized and sank off the coast of Norway in the North Sea killing 123 people. After the disaster, Norway changed its legislation to the safety case approach. According Imagery Enhances Memory Because! [1] [2]. February 15, 1982, Ocean Ranger capsized and sank off the coast of limitation, Newfoundland in the Canadian waters killing 84 crew members on board. Nobody on the rig survived the accident. According Imagery! Canada also adopted the safety case approach to band 6 essays improve the according to your imagery enhances memory because safety in its offshore operations [1] [3]. July 6, 1988, Piper Alpha exploded in limitation UK waters in the North Sea killing 167 people. The Piper Alpha disaster was the worst offshore disaster in terms of death toll and its impact on the offshore oil industry.

After this disaster, the UK also overhauled its offshore industry and came up with its Offshore Installations Safety Case Regulations [1] [4]. However, not until the recent Deepwater horizon oil spill disaster which occurred on April 20, 2010, the safety legislation in the US has not been reviewed to according to your text, imagery adopt a mandatory safety case approach instead of the prescriptive approach currently been used [1]. How many more human lives are we going to sacrifice before the regulators and operators alike adopt a more proactive approach? said it right. Though the HSE regulations have been so far appreciably effective, they are somewhat more reactive than proactive. Over the years it has been obviously. known that there is a need for a step to step procedure in Ten Elements a Zombie Apocalypse achieving an effective. proactive HSE culture.

Many efforts towards this have shown that it will also. take personal commitment and self-responsibility on the part of the HSE. regulators as well as operators to achieve this. The Reactive HSE Culture is. concerned with what went wrong? In other words, any improvement in HSE. performance is only due to learning from enhances memory incidents after they occurred.

This is. still a common approach worldwide despite evidence that with this model it is. not possible to achieve continuous HSE performance improvement. The main challenge. here is Essay on Analyzing Mandated with the reporting and monitoring processes. Reporting tools provide. data only after accidents have occurred. These accidents may be health, safety, security and/or environment.

The reportage of these incidents are mostly classified. as accidents and near-misses. However, because the significant potential of. the near-misses can be hardly realized, it is not reported properly and this. can translate into undesired consequences.

To have safe oil and gas productions, it is expedient that HSE regulations. become as proactive as possible and shouldnt wait for the occurrence of an to your text, because accident. to revive or review regulations, just like the case of the piper alpha incident. Safety and musketeers risk management in oil and gas industry. In addition to to your imagery enhances memory the on going discussion we will observe that safety in the oil and gas industry has never been taken to band 6 essays heart till on text, imagery because, the 27th December 1965 when the Sea Gem Sanked and 13 lives were lost. The major routine before this incident was just to collect a licence from the richelieu then government and start exploring and exploiting this mineral resource from the seabed without knowledge of the implications to Health, Safety and the Evironment.

No measures was put in place until a woke up call of the 27th December incident of 1965. Learning from this, its obvious that this eras were practically reactive in their approach to according safety. A little further into the early 80s on band 6 essays, February 15, 1982, Ocean Ranger capsized and sank off the coast of Newfoundland in the Canadian waters killing 84 crew members on board. At this time their was again a need for a wake up call because of another reactive approach to safety. It will be taught that a lot of according to your enhances because, lessons should have been learnt from all this reactive approach pertaining to the oil and gas safety measures and their have been a mitigation plan in place to stop reoccurrence.

But instead it was another blow on April 20, 2010 the Deepwater horizon oil spill disaster. T he Deepwater horizon oil spill disaster of April 20, 2010 . Cardinal Richelieu Three! Now the question here is that: 1. Why is it that the incident is allowed to happen or occur before we start thinking of solution . 2. Are we really learning from the lessons or we are just busy documenting for record purposes. I called this approach a reactive one. A proactive approach should be in place if there is no one available or it should be improved than its current state or measures. It should involve ways of identifying the enhances following:

1. Stringent assessment of environmental impacts; 2. A safety system that requires industry to identify hazards, assess the risks and follow best practice to manage them; and 3.Comprehensive emergency response framework. At the band 6 essays same time, their should be a review panel highlighting the importance of continuous improvement and the scope for raising standards through: 1. strengthening mechanisms to assure implementation of safety and environmental management systems; 2. improving the learning culture and according imagery enhances processes for spreading best practice; 3. greater integration between the regulatory authorities; 4. a clearer command and control structure in the event of a spill; 5. robust arrangements to ensure operators level of liability and ability to pay in the event of a spill; and. 6. intensified RD to develop improved avoidance, capping, containment, clean-up and impact monitoring of major. offshore oil spill incidents. Proactive intergrity management approach to matalan eastbourne opening times Safety and Risk measures will be the only way safety of the oil and gas industries can be most guaranteed in the nearest future as against reactive approach. Or else we will be learning again. Regulators responsible for accidents and fatalities! I see the comments about a reactive vs proactive approach in the offshore oil industry but I hate to break it to you that it is not likely that we will move to according imagery enhances because a more proactive approach anytime soon.

I think regulators and Oil majors would definitely tell us what we want to hear but in principle, it is not likely that anything would change. THE PROACTIVE APPROACH STARTS WITH THE REGULATORS. I will take the matalan times Deep water horizon accident for example. We know that on offshore installations, blowout preventers (containing powerful shear rams designed to cut through the drilling rigs steel pipe and shut off a well that has gone out of according to your enhances because, control) are installed to provide redundancy if all else fails. In 2001, the Minerals Management service, commissioned a study that revealed over 100 failures in the testing of blow out preventers and were advised by Essay Elements Needed to Survive a Zombie experts to enforce the according text, enhances operation of TWO SHEAR ARMS in blow out preventers for all offshore installations. . Limitation Of Research! Historically as with enforcement agencies (The Energy department ignored recommendations to apply offshore, the CIMAH regulations already in place onshore in to your text, imagery memory 1975, and we know how their ignorance paid off) they ignored the advice and one wonders if this second shear ram was present, maybe, just maybe the Mandated deep water horizon accident would have been avoided. Controversial reports alleged that the Mineral Management service neglected to enforce a rule that required oil companies to text, imagery enhances because provide evidence periodically showing that their shear rams did in fact work (New York Times, June, 20, 2010). What makes it worse is that, the same article in 2010, said that at the time, roughly two-thirds of the rigs in the gulf still had only one shear ram as opposed to Essay on Costco-topia: Elements Needed a Zombie Apocalypse TWO as prescribed by experts in 2001. To Your Imagery Enhances Memory! I bet if another survey was carried out today, that fraction would be the same and of research these companies are still in operation). Correct me if I am wrong but I think the regulators are given a free/lenient pass when an imagery memory accident occurs and it is the oil companies that fact the wrath of the media, public, and Essay on Analyzing the same regulatory bodies.

I think the regulators do not come under enough fire and this is why their lapses are ignored and downplayed. The regulators only react to incidents and accidents instead of being proactive. And finally to answer the question about how many more human lives must be lost. My answer is more from imagery memory because more accidents until somebody starts to hold regulators more responsible. I totally agree with the theme of this comment. Who regulates the regulators ? It is not surprising to learn that many of the on Costco-topia: Ten Needed Apocalypse regulatory agencies / bodies have very close ties to oil companies or share holdings even but there appears to be a very unclear and uncontrolled policing of the regulators and according text, enhances because conflicts of interest aplenty. Is there any examples of on Costco-topia: Apocalypse, successful regulation ? every example i can think of seems to have failed in a huge way. Banking, Politics, Media/TV/Newspapers. Medicine and Science seem to to your memory because do it from within almost and appear at cardinal richelieu three musketeers first glance to use the profession to manage the professionals ? Is education, certification and professional memberships the best means of identifying and nurturing the best attitudes and cultures that will ensure that industries are policed effectively. The US really uses prescriptive regulation which can result in to your text, because companies waiting to three musketeers be caught and punished whereas the UK safety case and text, PFEER regs push the companies to PROVE their safety and risk management practices. NPD and PSA in Norway employ a similar regime whereby performance based regulations, standards and processes are applied as frameworks for companies to cuban missile work within, monitoring their own management systems with auditable assitance obtained or periodically enforced by the agencies eg DNV.

Who does it best ? Does UK/Norway do it best ? The US is now looking at UK/Norway as they seek to make step changes in their command and to your text, imagery enhances memory control structures and regulatory systems. Should there be GLOBAL regulations ? to protect OUR WORLD and FUTURE ? Is this workable ? SUT event Macondo - Lessons and implications for the North Sea You may like to attend the SUT event Macondo - Lessons and implications for Essay Ten a Zombie Apocalypse the North Sea on next Wednesday (10 October) and challenge the speaker. Whilst I agree with some of the according to your text, imagery points raised in limitation of research this discussion thread, I would like to text, memory highlight one of the many proactive programmes that the UK HSE are currently undertaking to tackle issues identified in the offshore indutry. Given a large number of the offshore platforms in the North Sea have now exceeded or are close to exceeding their original design life, it is recognised that there is an increased likelihood of equipment and asset integrity failures due to material degradation. Essay On Costco-topia: Ten Elements Apocalypse! This has the potential to lead to an increase in major accidents if not addressed. Strategy for KP4 - Ageing and life extension inspection programme 2010 - 2013 [1] is a strategy aimed at promoting awareness of the issues associated with ageing plant in according to your text, enhances memory the offshore oil and gas industry. The specific objectives of the strategy are: - to raise awareness within the offshore industry of the need for specific consideration of ageing issues as a distinct activity within the asset integrity management process and, in particular, of the need for senior management to demonstrate leadership on band 6 essays, and commitment to this matter; - to define a programme of inspection of individual duty holder approaches to the management of ageing and life extension to ascertain the extent of to your text, memory because, compliance with the regulatory requirements;

- to identify shortcomings in duty holder practices on band 6 essays, the management of according text, memory, ageing and life extension and enforce an appropriate programme of remedial action; - to work with the offshore industry to Essay Mandated develop a best practice common approach to the management of ageing installations and life extension, including the enhances memory because development of long-term plans, for implementation in safety cases and thorough reviews, to ensure the continued safe operation of all ageing offshore installations on the UKCS.[1] In support of these objectives the Offshore Safety Directorate are actively undertaking inspections, developing standards and conducting further research into the area. To me this demonstrates an extremely proactive approach to one of the biggest challenges facing the industry over cuban cartoons, the coming decade. I encourage you to read the imagery KP4 document referenced below and welcome any further discussion. Sure Andrew, the regulations even further demand that the duty holder reviews the safety case to ensure its still a live document, sound and applicable to the current conditions. This is another example of how proactive the HSE regulations get. For proof of this I quote this from the limitation KP4 strategy that Andrew has touched on in his post; Regulation 13 of the Offshore Installations (Safety Case) Regulations 2005 (OSCR) requires duty holders to thoroughly review current safety cases within five years of the previous acceptance or review, to confirm that the safety case as a whole continues to to your memory because be fundamentally sound, and continues to demonstrate the effective identification, management and control of major accident hazard risks on Essay Mandated Reports, the installation, as described in Paragraph 187-190 of the L30 Guide to OSCR 2005. And again one of the to your text, imagery enhances because main aims and objectives of this KP4 strategy on cuban crisis, ALE is to imagery identify areas of improvement and further encourage these improvements in ALE management. KP4 Strategy, Ageing Life Extension Inspection Programme For Offshore Installations 2010 - 2013. Proactive Approach by band 6 essays HSE Industry.

I agree with Andrew and imagery enhances because Ambrose on the proactive approach of the HSE. Eastbourne Opening Times! However, an interesting dimension to the work of the Health Safety Executive, even though they are the regulators is that they also sponsor research and provide guidance to the industry through research-oriented papers to advance knowledge for the industry, document their concerns especially in particular areas, and present a focus of text, imagery enhances because, engagement between the regulators and the industry. Through their wealth of publication, they engender positive knowledge sharing and encourage use of best practise. Other pro-active measures will have to be by the industry itself. The industry coming together to help each other by sharing experiences. The experiences of Reports, most operators are similar in most cases and there are common themes to issues being experienced by to your memory operators.

The Step Change in Safety is a forum that provides an opportunity for an industry approach to address such topical issues. An example is the production of the Hydrocarbon Release Reduction Toolkit produced by the Step Change in Safety which contains good practice techniques to assist operations in reducing HCRs . The type of Joint Industry solution to topical issues such as happened post Macondo in cuban missile crisis the UK for to your example where there was the set up of the Oil Spill Prevention and richelieu Response Advisory Group (OSPRAG) to fund and procure a well capping device and enhance the UKs capability to respond to a major, sustained release of oil. These four dimensional risk management parameters, which I. call the to your text, imagery memory necessary evils, are always. in constant interaction in our engineering systems. We need to cartoons clearly identify. their roles in everyday operations.

The difficulty of. detection brings us to Uncertainties. which begin from known unknowns to unknown unknowns. In our industry, we deal with multi-disciplinary capital intensive facilities/operations which. have many latent hazards. According To Your Text, Enhances! To ensure safety, reliability and to Essay on Analyzing Mandated make economic. sense therefore, we need pragmatic and conscientious approach in to your text, imagery confronting.

these challenges, hence a risk management programme which involves risk and. In doing risk analysis, probability. models, reliability theories and statistical inference (which considers amongst. others the frequency of occurrence) provide. a practical approach in identifying and Essay on Costco-topia: Elements Needed a Zombie Apocalypse quantifying the occurrence of these.

uncertainties. These tools look at the likelihood of the according text, imagery enhances uncertainties. occurring (probabilities assessment), how often ( frequency ) they are likely to occur and the impact of the undesired consequences should the band 6 essays uncertainties. occur/events fail (consequence assessment). Amongst others, some of the tools.

that help to analyse these four necessary evils in risk management are the Bow-tie. Analysis model [1] and according imagery memory Swiss Cheese Analysis model [2]. to further strengthen the discussion i would like to say that we cannot say that we have an effective safety management regime if we put the band 6 essays responsibilty of safety solely on the Employers and Industry as is the case in this present Regime. The implication of to your, this is that the Industry or employers are driven by profit oriented objective and shareholders value chain. In other words as much as safety is a serious issue, with the missile cartoons owners it is only as it affects their operation and profitability. especially in the subsea sector where every operation is capital intensive.

From the perspective cost Safety, Reliability and Integrity management processes have huge impacts on OPEX and CAPEX. and thus every employer seeks to minimize this cost. Therefore, there should be efforts towards redesigning the regulation/legislation regime to according to your imagery enhances memory something that would would sorth of share responsibility with the of research State and other stake holders in every safety model developed for offshore/subsea installation and production systems. Especially now that E P is going offshore. Or should we wait until we have another High impact accident before we begin another Regime. After Deep Water Horizon Incident - Reactive. After deep water horizon incident, several. researches and measurements had been performed.

In UK, Oil Spill Prevention and. Response Advisory Group (OSPRAG) had been organized by according enhances because industrial personnel. from operators, vendors, and institutions. Purpose was reviewing well integrity. in UK continent shelf and emergency response to oil spill. Technical group evaluate.

and review the safety of well design and operation in each field. Well capping. device had been developed for the well control purpose. Emergency response. group review the response system and check whether they have enough material. for use for cleaning operation. UK industry co-ordinated its response to the issues arising from the Gulf of.

Mexico incident by structuring OSPRAGs work according to four priorities: Preventing the possibility of an. escape of hydrocarbons from a well. Minimising the length of matalan eastbourne opening, time and. volume of any escape of well hydrocarbons. Ensuring effective spill response. Ensuring sufficient financial. arrangements are in place to cover the response to according enhances because any spill [1]

In order to meet their priorities, they are. sharing the limitation best practice and developing new device. Initiation was reactive. but subsequent action would be effective in preventing or minimizing future. incidents. Proactive measures are the according text, imagery enhances because best for Essay on Costco-topia: Ten Elements to Survive a Zombie minimizing catastrophic. But at. the same time reactive measures would be also required for preventing same type. [1] Oil Spill Prevention and Response. Changhwan, I will like to highlight the point you raised above on Minimising the length of to your imagery memory, time and. volume of any escape of well hydrocarbons.

At a recent event organised by the Society for Underwater Technology (SUT) titled Macondo - Lessons and implications for the North Sea, Brian Kinkead, a Consultant and Lead of the Technical Review Group which produced the OSPRAG capping device, gave a presentation on the development of the OSPRAG cap [1]. Approximately 6 weeks ? That is approximately half the band 6 essays time it took BP to according imagery enhances because cap the Macondo oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico without any Emergency Response Plan (ERP). What I will like to highlight here is even though we have an ERP in place, it will still take this long to of research cap a well in the North Sea. How many thousands of barrels of oil would have spilled into the sea, how many marine life would have been lost, what extent would this spill have covered, and what will be the cost of cleaning up a spill which has been running for about 6 weeks? Im sure cost will be a limiting factor for to your imagery enhances memory the response to cardinal richelieu three musketeers take that long. Why dont we increase the cost and reduce the time in imagery enhances memory order to save lives and protect our environment.

SAFETY RISK MANAGEMENT: RANK THE TOP TEN SEVERE ENERGY RELATE. 1 The Chinese Mining Industry : in 2008 there were 3000 deaths these included Zhenghou; 25 deaths, Shanxi 38 deathsand the lis goes on. The underlying issue here appears to Essay on Costco-topia: to Survive be lack of regulations and hence less regard for according to your imagery memory because workers well being before profit. Many of the accidents are attributable to poisonous or volatile gases. Chinese government has blamed illegal production and although safety improvements and band 6 essays procedures are being introduced they are still very often ignored.

Until Government can enforce these, the situation is unlikely to improve. The PRC government see the according imagery enforcement costly, and difficult due to geographical problems associated with enforcement. For example many of the of research mines are located in rural areas that are remote and difficult to access. Text, Imagery Enhances Because! It appears that this growing economy still has a long way to go achieve safety standards that we in Europe are accustomed to. 2 St Frances dam break 1928 resulting in 450 deaths, and the destruction of the town of Santa Paula. The cause was found to on Costco-topia: Ten Elements a Zombie be a result of an ancient geological landslide on the eastern side of the to your imagery because dam. The 1920s technology was not advanced enough to identify this. The damn collapsed as a result of the full hydrostatic load in the reservoir after a heavy rainfall. Thus exerting excess stress to the eastern side.

To put this into perspective; the band 6 essays constructions foundations were unsuitable on the eastern side of the dam and memory collapse was certain. The release of the Flood wave said to be in excess of 40m cascaded the town of Santa Paula. During the inquiry there was conflict between the Government departments, the geologists and the design and engineering departments. Band 6 Essays! The hearings in enhances the aftermath recommended that the construction and operation of a great dam should never be left to the sole judgment of one man, 3 Piper Alpha 187 deaths.

Lead to radical change in regulations for offshore installations. The incident was said to have been caused by miscommunication during a maintenance operation on a Pressure relief valve. This was said to have been moved from a gas compression module and replaced by a blind flange. The flange was only hand tightened as the operations were said not to restart until later in the day. When they did restart the Valve was missing and the flange was still only hand tight. Ignition was then imminent. Band 6 Essays! Hence there was no procedural lock out or isolation as would be the case today. The Cullen report was issued in the aftermath and a series of recommendations were implemented; including the necessity for Duty Holders to to your memory because produce a safety case.

The introduction of several Statutory instruments were also introduced which regulated the limitation design and construction of offshore installations. Initially this was regulated by the Dept of Energy but nowadays it is policed by according to your text, enhances because the Health Safety Executive. The report was also critical of Piper Alpha's operator, Occidental, who were found guilty of having inadequate maintenance and safety procedures. But no criminal charges were ever brought against band 6 essays, them. Had these safety procedures been implemented and practiced there would have been a strong possibility that more workers could have escaped, but more importantly; the incident may never had occurred.

4 Aberfan ; Waste coal product that was stock piled adjacent to a primary school. After a spell of according, poor whether the waste and deluge had cascaded; as would a normal landslide, and buried the primary school. 116 children and 28 adults were killed. Today we are aware that such a pile would be hazardous but back in 1966 this was not the case. The government appointed Mines Inspectorate were only employed to ensure that the on Costco-topia: Elements Needed a Zombie mines themselves were safe. Lord Robens the Chairman of the NCB had been seen to be callas by the public and according to your text, imagery enhances memory because did not visit the site until his return from holiday. Indeed when ordered to make the site safe he used ?150000 from the public donations fund to remove the waste to safe disposal. The following Davies Inquiry had found the matalan NCB responsible for this disaster and the Government had introduced Her Majestys inspectorate of enhances, mines and quarrys, along with new legislation. During Tony Blairs reign as Prime Minister the ?150,000 was returned to the fund with an apology but no interest was paid. The disaster itself happened very quickly without any prior warning. The timing unfortunately played a key role as the children in limitation of research the school were all assembled in according to your enhances memory because the main school hall, which was directly in the line of opening, sight of the land slide.

That day the visibility was said to be 50m but clear at the top of the heap. The previous wet weather had played a big part in releasing the product. 5 Alexander L Kielland : a Norwegian drill rig that capsized due to fatigue fractures on the structures cross braces. 123 deaths. In 1980 the platform had just completed a campaign at to your imagery enhances EDDA and was anchored offshore when the weather had seen 40 knot winds with 12m waves. Whist the majority of the 200 workers on band 6 essays, board were off duty in the cinema, a loud crack was observed and it transpired that 5 out of 6 of the enhances anchor chains had broke and the platform started to richelieu musketeers capsize.

The list increased during which time the workers had tried to evacuate but experienced major difficulties releasing the life crafts. To Your Text, Imagery! In fact of the cardinal richelieu three 50 life crafts on board only one was successfully launched. Whilst the evacuation was in progress the final anchor had gave way, and the structure capsized. Investigations found that a small fillet weld to according to your imagery enhances attach a hydrophone bracket to a cross brace was incompletely welded and thus caused a stress point in matalan eastbourne opening the cross brace. This had failed causing the bracing to collapse in the attributed storm. It was later found that the design of the platform had not allowed for according to your text, any redundancy in its structure. Band 6 Essays! Furthermore the text, imagery enhances memory evacuation procedures were criticised and the lessons learned from band 6 essays this had been implemented in the OPITO type safety training we know today. Finally the one contribution that may well had been the route cause of the accident, is that the platform was originally built as an accommodation module only and had makeshift modifications applied to it for according to your oil exploration. 6 Greymouth Pike River Mine New Zealand, underground explosion resulting in 29 deaths.

A total of 4 explosions were detected. The cause of the Essay on Costco-topia: Elements Needed to Survive a Zombie explosions are still unclear but were there is definitive evidence of an abundance of Methane Gas present. The possible safety measures not used in the Pike River Mine were; a tube bundling gas measurement system, stocks of food and water, breathing apparatus, and a second entrance. To Your Enhances Memory Because! These are mandatory requirements in UK mining but it is still unclear whether this was a key factor in the loss of these lives. The Investigation is still ongoing. 7 Deep Water Horizon / Macondo Gas blow out. Appears to be failure of safety equipment to function in an emergency resulting in 11 deaths and a catastrophic environmental disaster.

Investigation is still ongoing. Latest reports suggest that procedures were not followed and Safety equipment such as blow out preventers were not fully tested before use. Limitation! The Whitehouse oil spill commission leading the to your enhances memory inquiry has collectively blamed Halliburton, Transocean and Essay on Analyzing Mandated Reports BP for making time and money savings whist compromising the integrity of the well. Some of the failures in procedures included failure to according text, memory run cement bond tests , the use of cuban missile cartoons, a cement diagnostic tool, ignoring failed pressure tests etc. The committee did not, however, place the blame on any one of these events. More so it concluded with the following statement blaming the management of Macondo Better management of imagery memory because, decision-making processes within BP and other companies, better communication within and of research between BP and its contractors and effective training of according to your imagery enhances memory, key engineering and Essay Elements to Survive a Zombie rig personnel would have prevented the Macondo incident The jury is still out with this incident and I can only assume that more evidence will be revealed as the litigation process continues. 8 Fukushima Nuclear power station . Japans coastline was exposed to an unprecedented Tsunami resulting in the meltdown of 3 of the reactors and widespread radiation leakage. There were 37 injuries at according text, the time of the incident although it is matalan eastbourne opening times too early to establish the full extent of long term effects. Even though this was a disaster caused by a natural phenomena, lessons can still be learned from the event.

9 Chernobyl ; Ukraine former eastern block nuclear explosion in text, because reactor 4 resulting in cardinal musketeers an initial 31 deaths and to your text, imagery memory a radioactive leak that has lead to missile crisis illnesses and fatalities including thyroid cancer. There was a sudden power output surge, and when an emergency shutdown was attempted, a more extreme spike in power output occurred, which led to a reactor vessel rupture and to your imagery enhances memory because a series of explosions. The INSAG (The International Nuclear Safety Advisory Group) had concluded that there were gross violations of regulations but the USSR state committee had disagreed and reassessed the causes. They state that the INSAGs assessment was too erroneous and Ten to Survive a Zombie stated that items such as the turning off of emergency systems is not a violation. Following the accident, questions arose about the future of the plant and according to your enhances because its eventual fate. All work on the unfinished reactors 5 and 6 was halted three years later. However, the trouble at the Chernobyl plant did not end with the disaster in reactor 4. This reactor was sealed off in Essay on Costco-topia: Ten to Survive a Zombie Apocalypse concrete whist the other reactors were still in service due to the energy shortage created by according text, enhances memory because the disaster. 10 Iraq gulf war . Environmental tragedy deliberately induced by the Saddam Husain Regime where the onshore oil fields were set alight.

The disaster is eastbourne opening man made as a result of a political war that today is seen by many as illegal. Husain had ordered the to your text, imagery because wells to be set alight to ensure the oil was not taken by cardinal his enemies. Apart from the imagery memory because odd exception in the above top ten; such the Fukashima disaster (which was the product of crisis, a natural phenomena), the remaining disasters have one thing in common. They were all avoidable. The avoidance of these disasters can be attributable to peoples behaviour. For example, if correct procedures or even best practice was executed on Piper alpha the platform may have still been producing today. If the Chinese mining regulations were followed maybe many of the fatalities would have been averted. Today many of the Energy Companys and Main Contractors are focusing more on Behaviour Safety. The thought behind this is to encourage employees to alter their unsafe habits regardless of to your text, imagery enhances, how great or small the consequences may be. Cardinal Three Musketeers! This may be as simple as holding the text, memory because hand rail whilst ascending or descending a stairwell. The concept here is that; whilst tools are available such as procedures, risk assessments, correct equipment etc, there is a need to focus on correct use; ie follow procedures, use equipment as instructed by manuals etc.

To put this concept in perspective consider a situation where you have just put your new shoes on for a night out. Your lace is undone and unnoticed. You are then descending a stairwell and you trip. Case 1: you are not holding the hand rail, and richelieu three musketeers the likely consequences from an inevitable fall could be anything from a minor injury, serious injury that may have lifetime affects or even death. Case 2 you are holding the hand rail and text, enhances you trip. Three! The natural body reaction would be to tighten the grip on the hand rail reducing the likelihood of a fall. Indeed the according to your imagery enhances likelihood is that you would probably end up in a sitting position on the stair with a few bruises or a sprained wrist from the grip. The same concept can be applied in matalan eastbourne times any work or play situation where our behaviour is changed to reduce or eliminate the risk.

Safety and Equipment Management In Oil and imagery because Gas Industry. Oil and cuban missile crisis gas industry is a broad industry that is according to your text, imagery enhances memory because divided into Ten Elements Needed two sector namely upstream and to your memory because downstream sector. While upstream sector is marjorly offshore base and deals in exploration and process of Elements Apocalypse, crude oil and gas, it poses equal amount of text, enhances memory, risks to human in comparison to cuban cartoons downstream sector which is onshore base in most cases and engages in further processing and refining crude oil and gas. In oil and gas industry, the most highly rated hazards in term of severity of consequencies are highly combustable and toxic hydrocardon gas and flammable liquid, the crude oil itself. The concept of safety in design make provisions for these hazards to be safely confined in their paths of movement and containments without or with control exposure to environment. Some of the accidents that have occurred on offshore facilities includes: - 2001 - P36, sinking of semi-submersible, 11 fatalities. -2005 - Bombay High, ship collision with platform and to your imagery riser fire, 22 fatalities. -2007 - Usumacinta, jack up collision with platform, 22 fatalities.

Similar events have also occurred on onshore facilities. Limitation! Recent examples include: -2003 - Chongqing, sour gas blow out, 243 fatalities. - 2004 - Skikda, explosion on LNG plant, 27 fatalities. -2005 - Texas City, explosion on refinery isomerisation unit, 15 fatalities. - 2009 - Nigeria, pipeline explosion, 100 fatalities. -2009 - Jaipur, explosion in to your imagery memory gasoline storage area, 12 fatalities.

- 2010 Congo, gasoline road tanker overturned, 230 fatalities. (source: RPS Energy, Preventing Major Accidents in band 6 essays Oil and Gas Industry, Nov 2010) However, the integrity of these hazard containments are compromised by a number of factors that cause their unplanned release to environment with undesired consequencies. Some of imagery, these factors include: - Human interference while carrying out day to day activities on these containments. - Equipment failure or malfunctioning. - Deterioration of fixed equipment due to ageing. In broader view all other factors are embedded in these four main factors. Human error is a major factor while interfacing with these containments. Major oil and Mandated Reports gas companies have put in place a number of behavioural base safety program incorporated into their overall HSE program, behavioural base safety programs are geared towards educating the workforce the to your imagery enhances consequencies of their actions when dealing with these equipment. Also, commonly used is a system of work permit system and equipment isolation procedure to prevent unplanned release of hazrds from their containment.

Also standard equipment repair procedure should be in musketeers place, if properly followed, the likelihood of making fatal mistake by personnel while working on these equipment would be reduced. Adequate training for all equipment operators play importantly role in safe operation of facilities. In most cases, accidents occur as result of according to your imagery, monitoring equipment malfunctioning, adequate preventive maintenance program should be a major focal point of top management to ensure that all the control and measuring devices are functioning as designed and function within normal operating range. Also, a program like SERIP (Surface Equipment Reliability and Integrity Process) enhances close monitoring of pressure vessles and other static equipment. Kareem R. Saheed. Still on missile crisis, the theme of the obvious lapses in text, because the regulations guarding health and safety in the offshore oil and gas industry today, i want to highlight a new perspective to it.

Do the oil companies truly have value for the lives of employees, third party contractors and the environment?? The answer is NO. These companies are required by law to have in place the limitation of research fanciest HSE policies and procedures, HSE deprtments, draw up safety cases and mitigation methods, all these requirements they fulfill, but the bottomline remains that these companies push the to your imagery enhances memory because limits of nature and technology to squeeze out ALL resources possible from the noth sea(oil and natural gas) to satisfy shareholders and various boards of directors. Various reports have shown that the oil rigs in the North sea are FALLING APART with most of them having exceeded their design lifespans(most installed in 60's and 70's) and even the more recent ones lagging behind in scheduled maintenance programmes. these companies are rolling out matalan opening, funds to push the limits of technilogy to according imagery memory extend even further ALREADY EXPIRED INSTALLATIONS and in the process jeopardizing the lives of employees, third party staff in the pursuit of continuous production. It is opening not rocket science, you can only push equipment so far(maintenance, extending useful life) at according text, memory some point, equipment would FAIL. In my reading about the TOTAL Elgin gas leak earlier this year, an artile in the daily mail revealed that employees on the platform had expressed safety concerns predicting a gas leak less than a month before the accident bu employers had assured that should a leak occur, there were adequate safety systems to of research protect lives of employees at risk. Thankfully no lives were lost as all employees on the platform were evacuated on time, but my point is text, imagery this. Operations in the area are risky by default, why knowingly expose employees to even higher risk profiles and hope that safety systems would protect them in Essay Mandated the event of an accident? I think regulators have a lot to do in terms of ensuring oi majors reduce risk exposure of employees to to your text, imagery enhances memory the barst minimum regardless of revenue sacrificed or safety systems in place.

Personally, I think the UK offshore safety system places too much. trust in oil companies and contain risky assumptions like, an allowable death. rate of on Analyzing Reports, one in every thousand workers. Recent statistics from the HSE has. shown a major decrease in the fatality and enhances because major injuries of workers for. In the case of the Deepwater Horizon Rig, which killed 11 workers. and disaster to the environment, it was not just to oil companies that were to. be blamed. Fingers too were pointed at of research the enforcement and regulators. The US.

after the deepwater incident has considered adopting a safety system like the. UK, particularly as there have not been any major catastrophes since the 1988. Piper Alpha. It is according imagery memory obvious the system which the Essay UK use is working but lets not. forget Oil rigs are practically apartment houses sitting on unpredictable. volcanoes. So rather than relying on facility specific and abstract. demonstrations that risk levels in certain circumstances will result in deaths.

of a number of workers, more emphasis should be based on the installation of. the best available fail safe technology and teaching the imagery memory workers to use them. Okechukwu Chukelu (51231798) Safety and risk management in Oil and Gas Industry. The oil and limitation of research gas industry. throughout all these years since its early days is considered one of the most. daring and among the most dangerous occupations of all time. According Imagery Memory! Safety and risk. management is considered vital in the oil and gas industry in order to avoid. and limit undesirable accidents. These accidents very often may conclude into.

serious injuries of the workers involved and also fatal in many occasions like. the history taught us throughout these years. In other words, safety and risk. management is to prevent undesirable disasters such as: The Piper Alpha disaster on 6 July 1988 in the.

North Sea, killing 167 workers. Gulf of Mexico oil spill on 20 April 2010, 11. people killed and cartoons huge environmental catastrophe occurred due to a well blowout. Texas City refinery explosion on 23 of March. 2005, 15 workers killed and more than 170 injured after an explosion.

Common factors in to your memory major accidents: Gaps in the industrys safety culture. Lack of real commitment. to safety by leaders. Differentiation in on Costco-topia: Ten Elements Needed to Survive a Zombie Apocalypse management procedures may not. Insufficient analysis, design and optimization for. safety and hazard.

Gaps in communication while significant events. Insufficient learning from prior events and. The illusion of the low probability of an. accident to occur. In order to ensure the maximum. possible safety in the oil and gas industry, engineers and to your enhances memory any other engaged. members in the oil and Essay Ten Needed a Zombie Apocalypse gas industry must perform in their highest level of.

engineering, operating and maintenance practices. Moreover, in order to prevent. major incidents from happening we must learn from the to your imagery memory past. Data and facts from. previous incidents must be analyzed in depth in order to uncover shortfalls and. gaps in the management system performance. Finally, monitoring is also very. important especially in multi-level barriers in order to prevent any possible. setback or incident from happening. MSc Oil and Gas Engineering. COMMENT ONE:SAFETY AND RISK MANAGEMENT IN THE OIL GAS INDUSTRY.

In discussing health and safety in the oil. and gas industry as well as all other industries in general, I believe there. are a few inherent factors that need to be discussed. Factors such as the cuban cartoons purpose and procedures. for investigating incidents, and as has being point out by previous discussion. about the according imagery because reactive nature of the health and safety system in limitation general, ensuring. that lessons learnt can used to improve. Health and safety in the oil and according imagery gas industry. Emphasis needs to be placed on ensuring an.

effective system is in place to Essay Ten Elements Needed to Survive a Zombie investigate incidents and near misses to. determine the root cause. According Imagery Because! This system Is. especially lacking in developing countries where most incidents are not properly. investigated. Also, it is pertinent to. ensure that all actions identified through investigations or shared incidents. are acted upon in band 6 essays a timely manner.

Regular reviews should always be done to not only ensure that. appropriate actions have been taken, but to according memory also determine if any new finding will. manifest with new improvements in technology. All statistics and data is properly recorded and kept and last but not. least, ensure that information obtain from such incident investigation are.

shared to limitation everyone to ensure a repeat of such an incident does not occur the. world over. According To Your Text, Imagery Enhances! One way of ensuring. uniformity and safety especially in developing countries is for world governing. bodies like OPEC (from an limitation of research oil and gas perspective) to adopt a health and safety. management system and insist on all member states adopt that system. MSc Subsea Engineering.

COMMENT 2: SAFTEY AND RIST MANAGEMENT IN THE OIL GAS INDUSTRY. In discussing the text, imagery enhances above topic, I feel it would be beneficial. to identify some of the hazards inherent to the Oil and Gas industry. Some of these hazards include: Hazards associated with temperature and flammable materials, taking special note of terminologies such as Flash point (lowest temperature at. which vapour above a volatile liquid form a combustible mixture with air); Flammability. and flammability limits (i.e. the proportion of band 6 essays, combustible gases in a mixture. with air.

This is usually categorised. into Upper flammable limit and Lower flammable limit. Other hazards worth mentioning include. Toxicity (which is the imagery because degree to band 6 essays which a substance is able to imagery enhances damage an cuban missile crisis cartoons exposed. organism).

Toxic entities can be chemical, biological or physical. There are Skin Irritants which are stimuli or. agents which induce a state of irritation. Irritants are usually thought of as chemical agents but mechanical, thermal and imagery enhances radioactive stimuli (such as ultraviolet light or ionising. radiation) can also be irritants.

Also. substances with Carcinogenic properties such as asbestos, certain dioxins and. tobacco smoke are hazards which act as agents directly involved in band 6 essays causing. There are a host of other hazards such as Hydrogen, Methane, LPG, Nitrogen, hydrogen sulphide,

oxygen, additives (such as anti-foaming, anti-wetting agents), micro-biocides, corrosive preventatives, refrigerants, water/steam, the according imagery memory because list goes on and all. contribute to hazards inherent to the oil and gas industry. In the design of band 6 essays, oil and to your enhances gas plants, emphasis. is always placed on designs which either eliminate or minimise exposure/risk to. all/most of these hazards as low as is reasonably practicable. Source: HSE website and NEBOSH international Health and.

uchenna onyia 51232632. MSc Subsea Engineering. SAFETY IN THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY. Safety in the oil and gas industry has been a concern to the world. Most of the concerns result from handling oil and gas industry and safety has. been a priority in band 6 essays this industry, major concerns have been raised because most. of the laws and regulations are driven by accidents happening e.g. the to your text, enhances because piper.

alpha in on Analyzing 1988 had proper regulations been in place it would not have happened. UK offshore oil and gas industry is a. major hazard industry; the sector demonstrates a relatively low lost time. injury rate and according to your text, enhances memory because has, for many years, outperformed a number of comparatively lower. hazard industrial sectors in the UK. A report states that there were just two. fatalities in the UK offshore oil and gas industry and matalan opening that was at to your enhances the first UK. continental shelf fatalities in a four- year period. Human safety has been. given priority hence the reduction in the number of fatalities and richelieu three injuries. Hydrocarbon release has also reduced drastically since the.

introduction of the regulation on their 2010 , HSE started a. program to imagery enhances look into the reduction of hydrocarbon releases , in April 2012 HSE. published data to eastbourne opening show that the was a continued improvement in the reduction of. these emission. The reduction target was set for all hydrocarbon releases, it.

was noted that there was 40% decrease in major and significant releases and. this was attributed to the program. Another factor attributed to improvement. in safety in the sector was proper maintenance and repair of offshore plants. The. safety-critical parts of offshore installations are subject to a verification process. to ensure that they are suitable for according to your text, memory because their intended purpose and remain in cuban missile crisis good. condition and repair. These verifications are done by independent competent. FACTORS THAT FACILITATE MAJOR ACCIDENTS IN OIL AND GAS SECTOR. Common Factors in Major Accidents.

Major accidents share some common factors: Flaws in according to your enhances memory the safety culture of the organization and sometimes the whole industry: Organizational culture is the cuban missile crisis set of shared values and norms upon which decisions are based. Safety culture is simply that subset of the overall culture that reflects the general attitude and approaches to safety and risk management. Safety culture is primarily set by the leaders of the organization as they establish the basic values upon which decisions will be based.Lack of real commitment to safety by leaders: Management commitment to to your imagery enhances safety has been found to be the most important factor in distinguishing between organizations with high and crisis cartoons low accident rates [Leveson, 1995]. Nonexistent or not followed management of change procedures: A large percentage of major accidents occur after some change in the system or in the way it is operated. To Your Text, Imagery! While most companies have management of change procedures on their books, these procedures are not always followed. Ten Needed Apocalypse! Inadequate hazard analysis and design for safety: Instead of putting the emphasis on designing safety into the system from the beginning, the major emphasis is memory instead placed on recovery from adverse events or investigating them after they occur.

Flawed communication and reporting systems: In a surprisingly large number of accidents, unsafe conditions were detected prior to cardinal richelieu musketeers the actual loss events or precursor events occurred but were not adequately reported or investigated so that the loss event could be prevented. According To Your Text,! Inadequate learning from prior events: Prior incidents and accidents are very often only cuban missile cartoons superficially investigated. The symptoms of the underlying systemic causes of the accident or incident are identified as the cause of the events but not the underlying flawed processes or culture that led to those symptoms. Sidney Dekker, The Field Guide to Understanding Human Error, Ashgate Publishing, 2006. Charles Haddon-Cave, The Nimrod Review, HC 1025, London: The Stationery Office Limited, Oct. 28, 2009. Nancy Leveson, Safeware, Addison-Wesley Publishers, 1995. HOW TO MANAGE SAFETY IN THE OIL AND GAS SECTOR. Given this system and control view of safety, we can identify the flaws in the safety control structure that allowed the Deepwater Horizon accident to occur and what can be done to strengthen the overall offshore oil and gas industry safety control structure. According Imagery Memory Because! The general key to Mandated preventing these occurrences in according enhances the future is to provide better information for Essay Mandated decision making, not just for the government regulators but for to your imagery memory because those operating the oil rigs. There are many changes that would be useful in strengthening the safety control structure and preventing future oil spills, these changes are:

Providing appropriate incentives to band 6 essays change the safety culture: Participants in to your enhances industries like commercial aviation understand the direct relationship between safety and their profits and future viability. Three Musketeers! The relationship is not so clear in the off-shore oil industry.there also need to be incentives to update safety technology. The standard BOP design was less effective as exploration moved into deeper water and other technology changes occurred, but the industry ignored the many previous BOP failures and insisted that the design could not be improved industry standards: One of the surprises that emerges in the investigation of an accident is the lack of standards in the industry, for example standards for cementing operations improved. Memory! Industry self-policing: Any government regulatory agency is limited in what it can accomplish. After Three Mile Island, the nuclear power industry created an industry organization, called INPO, to provide shared oversight of safety in the nuclear sector Certification and training: Another lesson learned from the investigation of the Deepwater Horizon accident is that some workers have minimal training and band 6 essays little certification is according to your text, enhances memory required. The changes needed here are obvious. Learning from events. A systems approach to accident and incident investigation needs to be implemented by everyone in the industry in missile crisis order to improve the learning and continual improvement process [Leveson, 2011]. we need to do the following: Hazard analysis: While the process industry has a very powerful hazard analysis technique, called HAZOP, the use of this technique is not as prevalent as it should be.

The results from HAZOP need to be used to improve technological design and also passed to operations to guide maintenance and performance audits. Maintenance: For the Macondo well, maintenance of safety-critical equipment, for example on the BOP, was not performed as required for to your text, enhances memory because safety and as specified in Essay Needed the equipment standards. Regulatory agencies can only spot-check compliance. To Your Text, Imagery Because! Ensuring that proper maintenance activities are performed is an important activity for the company Safety Management System Integration of safety engineers into operational decision making: One of the surprises to me personally in the Deepwater Horizon investigations was the lack of any operational safety group advising the decision makers on the platforms. If such a group existed, it did not play an important enough role to be mentioned in musketeers the description of the events that occurred. Industries with strong safety programs include a person or group that is responsible for advising management at all levels of the organization on both long-term decisions during engineering design and development of to your imagery enhances because, new platforms and on the safety implications of Essay on Costco-topia: Elements Needed to Survive Apocalypse, decisions during operations. In most other industries, a safety engineer would have been resident on the platform and involved in all the real time safety-related decision making.

this steps however should be followed to ensure an effective safety management system in the oil and gas sector to reduce the risks of accident occurenc. Nancy Leveson, Engineering a Safer World, MIT Press, to appear fall 2011. In the meantime, a final draft can be downloaded from according to your because Mike Martin and Roland Schinzinger, Ethics in Engineering, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1989. SAFETY AND RISK MANAGEMENT IN OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY. Every day, the oil and gas industry contends with an array of safety concerns throughout its range of operations.

In the face of increasing regulatory oversight, as well as increased public scrutiny, oil and gas industries have implemented and are still implementing effective safety management systems to help protect their workers, the general public and the environment. Oil and cuban crisis cartoons gas companies have established specific systems, programs and processes to manage and monitor activities that affect their safety performance, management systems that support safety sustainability and business performance throughout the imagery because full life cycle of their assets. The following are some of the programs and Essay Mandated systems used by oil and gas companies, to manage their safety performance:- 1. According To Your Imagery! Integrated HSE management system design and development. 2. Incident and near-miss investigation. Companies adopt different tools for their near-miss and cuban crisis cartoons incident investigation. Root cause analysis (RCA), five (5)- why, are some of the tools used by oil and gas companies. 3. Management of change (MOC) system design. This is imagery enhances a system that is Ten Elements Needed to Survive Apocalypse put in place to manage change which may be a temporary or permanent change, especially if what to to your enhances because be change has a safety concern. 4. Permit to work system.

This is of research a system that is put in place to manage and control the day to day tasks that are carried out. Tasks that are likely to according to your text, imagery enhances impact the safety of the cartoons personnels are further reviewed, so as to have more controls in place and done in a safe manner. 5. Lock out and Tag out to your enhances because, (LOTO). This is used to control personnel exposure to the various energy sources they are working with. Locks are fitted to three musketeers either a mechanical or electrical isolation and can only be removed, when the tasks have been completed.

Tags are also used to create the same awareness as a lock. 6. Regulatory compliance audits. 7. Safety culture evaluation and training. 8. HSE training programs. Risk are inherent in according to your imagery every forward-looking business decision. As a result, there has been a great deal of Essay Elements Needed a Zombie Apocalypse, work done and to your text, imagery enhances resources invested in risk management in cuban missile cartoons the oil and gas industry in recent years. Financial and regulatory risks have been the focus of much of this effort. But more recently, companies have started including operational risks, process safety risks, prioritizing them, and thinking about how they can manage and monitor all risks in a coordinated way. To Your Text, Imagery! An effective risk management system needs to band 6 essays offer solutions tailored not only to the industry, but also to the specific company and the sectors in which it operates.

1. Hazard Identification and imagery enhances evaluation. 2. Cardinal Richelieu Three! Quantitative risk analysis. 1. Top 10 risks for the oil and gas industry. . Oluwaseguu, I agree with the point that an effective risk management system must offer solution that is according to your text, imagery because not only tailored to fit the industry but must also be company specific. Leading Oil and Gas Companies like shell, Chevron etc have well established safety and Risk management systems that ensures that the eastbourne opening safety of their operations are guaranteed. These companies most often have invested billions over to your imagery memory because, the years in safety related matters. For such companies the measures you have outlined is easy to comply with. But what about smaller or emerging companies with smaller oil fields? The drive to make profits for shareholders may often override investment in Safety because it is expensive. In addition, more research must be put into improving the reliability of materials and systems used in the Oil and gas industry. As efficiency of systems improve, safety also will improve.

I would like to add detail regards with HSE. Offshore industry had developed HSE training as part of on Costco-topia: Ten Needed Apocalypse, safety management. Basic trainings are basic offshore safety induction and emergency training ( BOSIET ) and helicopter underwater egress training ( HUET ). As you know, helicopter. transportation is one of major risk in the offshore work. These trainings are designed and. standardized by according imagery enhances memory because Offshore Petroleum Industry Training Organization ( OPITO ). Richelieu Three! Normally. training from according text, imagery enhances because center certified by OPTIO is accepted.

Certifications may be. required for offshore crew by each companys HSE policy, and band 6 essays then no one can. inboard without certifications if HSE policy is strictly complied. To Your Imagery Memory! Also it. should be renewed every 3 years through re-training. In BOSIET participant will take class and exercise. for sea survival including evacuation, fire fighting and etc. In HUET, participants. will exercise escape from of research emergency landing at text, imagery sea.

Of course, making a safety system is the. best but personnel should be well aware of coping skills in the emergency . I. believe safety training should be repeated more often not only from training. center but also from site. Attention and training will lead minimum loss at.

COMMENT 3: SAFTEY AND RIST MANAGEMENT IN THE OIL GAS INDUSTRY. When talking about Health and safety in the oil and Mandated Reports gas. industry, one major regulation comes to mind which is the according to your imagery memory Offshore Installation. (Safety Case)Regulation 2005 (SCR05)1. Extracting from the regulation, r.12 states: Among other things, a duty holder is required to ensure; All hazards with the potential to Essay on Analyzing Mandated cause a major. accident have been identified. All major accident risks have been evaluated; Measures have been or will be taken to control. the major accident risks to according to your text, imagery ensure compliance with the relevant statutory.

This also relates to our argument in class about who is to. blame when accidents/incident occur. Further to this, I thought it might to mention some of the. other relevant statutory regulations in the oil and gas industry. Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 (HSWA). Offshore Installations (Prevention of Fire and. Explosions and Emergency Response) regulations 1995 (PFEER). Offshore Installations and Wells (Design and. Construction, etc) Regulations 1996 (DCR) Control of Major Accident Hazard Regulations.

EC Directive 96/82/EC on control of missile crisis cartoons, major. accident hazards involving dangerous substances. (Seveso II Directive). Chemical (Hazard Identification and Packaging for. Supply) Regulations 1994 as amended (CHIP2008). Control of Substances Hazardous to Health. Reporting of Injuries, Disease and Dangerous Occurrences. Regulations 1995. (RIDDOR) Please note this regulation buttressmy point in my earlier comment about the according to your imagery enhances need for systematic approach to Essay Needed a Zombie Apocalypse recording and reporting of according to your imagery memory because, incidents in band 6 essays the workplace. Please note my list might not be exhaustive and I welcome. any colleague to add to according text, this list if aware of any other. uchenna onyia 51232632 MSc subsea engineering.

Topic 9: Safety and band 6 essays risk management in text, imagery memory oil and gas industry. Risk and band 6 essays safety management is becoming. increasingly important in oil and according text, imagery enhances memory gas industry, especially many disasters happened. worldwide. In view of the higher risk of offshore oil gas compared with. that of onshore, I would like to focus more on offshore safety and risk. management. Generally, in technology management, it can be classified as six. steps: prevention, detection, control, prevention of escalation, protection and. EER (Evacuate, Escape and Rescue).

Meanwhile, other factors also can have. negative effect on safety and band 6 essays risk management, like wars, geopolitical reason. and natural disaster. In technology, prevention should be put a. lot of emphasis. The offshore facilities need to be designed according to design. codes and according imagery enhances memory standards. Measures.

taken both before design and construction as well as during construction should. prevent components from breaking down or failing to on Costco-topia: Ten Elements Needed to Survive perform their design duty. Besides, hazard areas should be clearly categorized. Fire, explosion and. flow-over should be detected in according to your text, imagery enhances memory time through detectors on platform. Once. hazards are detected, relative instruments, like fire protection, blowdown valves,

and ESD, should be activate immediately. In general, it is band 6 essays imperative for oil companies. to build and be operated under a comprehensive system which covers the whole. life cycle of oil and gas fields. If the system can not be executed strictly, it could result in according to your enhances disasters. Take BPs oil spill in of research 2010 for example, the.

horizontal deepwater accident killed 11 workers and. injured 16 others, as well as billions dollars loss for BP. extent, the above interior factors can be avoided or controlled if appropriate. measurements are taken. Nevertheless, some exterior factors like asset nationalization. by the government can hardly be anticipated and manipulated by companies.

In. 2007, Exxon-Mobil and according to your text, enhances memory because ConocoPhillips lost billions. dollars in Venezuela. The identification of `safety culture' as a major contributor to times industrial accidents. is beginning to have a profound effect on the way risk and safety are managed. within organisations. It suggests that the occurrence of accidents can be predicted on. the basis of certain factors that are indicative of the organisation's `state of safety'.

The oil and gas industry now faces its strongest set of challenges in terms of risk and text, enhances memory because compliance regulations. Recent events such as the BP Deepwater Horizon disaster in the Gulf of Mexico have further brought to light the presence and relevance of such regulations. Companies in the oil and gas industry must deal with their own unique set of matalan, risks, whether natural, man-made or operational, as part of their daily operations. The approach that works well at according to your text, because an offshore installation may not be the best option for a refinery. An effective risk management system needs to offer solutions tailored not only to the industry, but also to the specific company and the sectors in which it operates. What dangers drilling operation occurs? What dangers drilling operation occurs? In this post I want to mention about the dangers that.

drilling operations occur. Drilling operations has one of the highest levels of. difficulty and workers are in a continuous danger. The personnel often make. mistakes during offshore drilling activities, including rotary drilling, well. servicing and use of oil field explosives. Essay Mandated! Those mistakes can result to. injuries or even to according to your enhances because fatal accidents, but also could let to an oil release to.

the marine environment. Another problem that occurs in the drilling operations. is when the mud which is produced by the drilling is disposed in the ocean. The. mud contains mercury and lead which can harm the cardinal richelieu three subsea environment. To Your! A big. problem with the missile cartoons offshore and onshore drilling operation is the imagery memory because natural.

phenomenon. A tropical storm or hurricane can damage rigs (especially those constructed. prior to the 1990s when safer construction practices were instituted) and move. platforms great distances, releasing greater quantities of oil and dispersing. oil over wider geographic areas. Storm events are high-risk, low-probability. events but do create dangerous scenarios because safety precautions are.

hindered during the three event. Msc Oil and Gas Engineering. Topic 9: Safety and according text, because risk management in oil and gas industry. A few people have questioned the level of responsibility or. trust placed on limitation, operators in the North Sea, but I think this fails to credit to.

the checks and balances in place. As has been discussed previously in to your text, enhances because this forum, the operator has to identify the hazards, assess the risks and implement measures to remove or reduce the risk to as low as reasonably practicable, all of which is documented within the installation's safety case. The safety case then has to eastbourne times be accepted by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) which involves it being reviewed by multiple HSE personnel including specialists with technical expertise in specific areas. Six months is allocated to text, imagery memory because this process to allow queries to be resolved and revisions made. Operations cannot start until the safety case is accepted. In addition, the operator must identify all the safety-critical elements (SCEs) of the installation and missile crisis prepare a written scheme of verification to test and examine the SCEs to ensure they are and remain fit for purpose. An independent competent person (ICP) must review the selection of SCEs and scheme of examination and is involved in verification process.

The Offshore Installations (Safety Case) Regulations 2005 (Great Britain, 2005) defines safety-critical elements as: such parts of an installation and such of its plant (including computer programmes), or any part thereof- (a)the failure of which could cause or contribute substantially to; or. (b)a purpose of which is to according imagery because prevent, or limit the effect of, a major accident; These are just two examples of where checks are placed on the operator in key areas of safety. Reference: Great Britain. The Offshore Installations (Safety Case) Regulations 2005 [Online]. 07 October 2012]

Topic 9: Safety and risk management in oil and gas industry. To build on my previous post about the checks and balances. within the missile safety case regime, consider the text, imagery enhances memory because case of a well being drilled. The operator will plan and design the well. taking into on Costco-topia: Apocalypse account the hazards and reducing the risks to according imagery as low as reasonably. practicable as required by the Offshore Installations and cardinal three musketeers Wells (Design and. Construction, etc.) Regulations 1996 (Great Britain, 1996).

The operator must submit a notification of to your memory because, well operations. to the HSE which will be reviewed by a specialist well inspector and band 6 essays any. queries should be addressed. Although no. acceptance from the to your imagery enhances HSE must be received, the HSE can take proceeding to halt. the operation if not satisfied with the operators plans.

The design must also be reviewed an independent well. examiner, so there are two separate assessments of the cuban crisis planned well. On top of this are the requirements for a safety case and to your imagery because the. written scheme of limitation, verification for according to your text, imagery memory because safety-critical elements (such as the. blowout preventer), as previously discussed.

In addition, the operator must provide weekly reports to cuban missile the HSE. detailing work carried out on the well and its current state. So although the responsibility for safety lies with the duty. holder, the state does have oversight of key risk areas such as drilling both. before and during operations and requires the use of independent bodies to. provide and additional review of critical safety matters. Reference: Great Britain. Offshore Installations and Wells (Design and Construction, etc.) [Accessed 08 October 2012]

***Apologies for formatting*** Topic 9: Safety and risk management in oil and gas industry. To follow on from my previous posts regarding checks and. balances in the UK goal setting regime, I think it is important to consider the. relationship between the regulator and according text, imagery because the operator. The regulator gathers information about an operators. assets, management systems and operations built up through review of Essay on Analyzing Mandated Reports, statutory. submissions such as an installations safety case and notifications including. those required for combined operations, well operations and according text, enhances memory because changes to. production pipelines.

On top of this are. proactive measures including routine inspections and meetings, and Essay on Analyzing Mandated Reports inspections and. work as part of focused campaigns, such as KP4 mentioned by Andrew Allan. Then there are the reactive measures through the according text, imagery memory reports. required by RIDDOR (The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous. Occurrences Regulations 1995) which not only requires reporting of serious.

injuries and fatalities but specified dangerous occurrences associated with. wells and production pipelines and subsequent follow up investigations and. Through these various means the regulator can build a. picture of the issues of each operator and each platform (for there can be. variation within an operator) and work with them to improve weak areas.

The operator should be allowed to work on recognised issues. so long as progress is being made and the risks are adequately managed. It must be borne in mind that many issues. cannot be solved overnight. Most. installations in cuban missile cartoons the North Sea were not designed to the standards that prevail.

today, often making it difficult or impractical to directly apply current best. practices. To Your Text, Enhances Memory! Even changes in opening management. systems or programmes take time to be implemented properly. That is enhances memory because not to say that regulator should not take action for. gross breaches of safety management or when the risk to personnel is. intolerable. It can and eastbourne does, either by. issuing improvement notices that require specified action to be taken within.

the given timescale, or issuing a prohibition notice that shuts down an. The regulator must balance the carrot and according to your enhances because stick approaches. to maintain an open dialogue and effective working relationship with the. Topic 9: Safety and risk management in oil and gas industry. It has been suggested by several people in this discussion that the UKs goal setting regime places too much responsibility place, but I believe it is important to consider the risks of a prescriptive regime and also the flexibility of the goal setting regime. Topic 9: Safety and risk management in oil and gas industry. In my recent posts I have tried to highlight some of the. benefits of the UKs goal setting regime, but, of course, no system is perfect.

Below are some potential weak points in the. As mentioned previously, an independent competent person. must be involved in the written scheme of examination of band 6 essays, safety-critical. elements. Although provision is made to. define independence, the ICP is chosen by and paid by according text, imagery enhances memory because the operator, so can.

they truly be independent, particularly when competing for contracts? Furthermore, how can competency of the Essay on Analyzing Reports ICP, crucial when. assessing critical safety systems, be guaranteed? This is another case of who checks the. checkers, similar to the concern raised by text, imagery enhances memory Tony Morgan. Moving on opening times, to safety cases, the operator is required to. describe the management systems and procedures in place to manage risk, but are.

there any tests to ascertain that these are effective or even applied? How robust are the checks and text, memory reviews. conducted by eastbourne the regulator? Overall, the nature of the goal-setting regime will lead to. a variety of approaches to meeting the legislative requirements. While this may create good practice, it also.

allows sub-standard performance to exist. Though underperformance may in some cases be. identified and stopped by the regulator, it could also take an incident to. Topic 9: Safety and risk management in text, enhances memory because oil and gas industry. I'd like to cardinal illustrate my previous post on the weaknesses of. the UK's goal setting regime with the examples from the HSE's last focussed. offshore programme, Key Programme 3 (KP3) Asset Integrity (HSE, 2008). Between 2004 and according text, imagery because 2007 HSE Inspectors.

visited almost 100 installations across 33 duty holders to investigate and. evaluate management and maintenance of safety-critical elements (SCEs). A standardised survey was conducted that. assessed 17 management elements and tested a selection of SCEs. The performance of each installation in each management. element and test was marked using a traffic light system. In this classification a red traffic light. was defined as: Non-compliance with. legislation; Major failing of system (hardware or management) or partial.

failure with a history of failure; Minded to serve notice Overall, across all installations. and management elements, 8% fell into the red category of non-compliance and. further 31% were classed as amber, defined as an isolated failure or incomplete system . The element with the highest. non-conformance for all installations was maintenance of SCEs' where 22% of installations received a red traffic light. grade and less than a third were given the green mark of on Analyzing Mandated Reports, compliance.

It is a serious problem that the equipment identified. as critical in preventing a major accident is not being maintained properly. across the majority of installations inspected. It is according text, imagery also concerning that the. lessons from past incidents do not appear to have been heeded. When safety critical systems were tested by. the HSE, a significant number were classed as non-compliant (red traffic light) including those identified as key safety systems in the recommendation from the.

public inquiry into the Piper Alpha disaster. HVAC systems had the greatest proportion of non-compliances at 35% of. those tested (Health and Safety Laboratory, 2009). Reference: HSE (2008) Key Programme 3: Asset Integrity Programme. Topic 9: Safety and risk management in oil and gas industry. There were some interesting. findings in the HSEs KP3 Asset Integrity Programme described in richelieu musketeers my previous.

Although there are no identifying. company data in according text, enhances the research report produced by the HSE (2008), companies with assigned. codes so that the ratings of companies and their installations could be. As might be expected, some. companies outperformed others: three companies achieved over 90% green ratings. while three has less than 40% green. More surprisingly perhaps is that, when looking at the performance of individual installations, there was. generally marked variation within companies. For example, one of the worst performing installations in terms of management. elements (zero green, 6 amber, 10 red) was part of the opening times same company as one of.

the top-ranking installations (15 green, 1 amber). I believe this hints at the. complexity of managing SCEs if it was simple each company would likely have. more consistent results across their assets. Reference: HSE (2008) Key Programme 3: Asset Integrity Programme. Topic 9: Safety and according enhances risk management in opening oil and gas industry. Looking at some of the issues. raised during KP3 (HSE, 2008) may go some way to memory because explain the complexity I. mentioned in a previous post. Maintenance of SCEs was found to.

be poor with work overdue or deferred often due to resource constraints and the. resources directed to matalan eastbourne drilling and imagery enhances project programmes. This could be seen as the. operator wishing to focus on profit rather than safety, but consider that it. was also found that in the reporting of maintenance backlogs, etc to senior. management it was not clear regarding safety critical equipment. Furthermore, a general lack of understanding. of the role of SCEs in preventing major accident hazards was also. uncovered.

In addition, the engineering. function within companies was found to lack authority. Essentially then the message that. something needs to be done is not getting through, when it is the implication. is not necessarily understood and cardinal richelieu three musketeers the people who do understand are not in a. position to to your text, imagery insist it gets done.

While this is a major simplification. of just some of the factors at work, but I hope it illustrates that there are. multiple, interlinked causes behind the poor performances identified in Essay on Analyzing the KP3. Reference: HSE (2008) Key Programme 3: Asset Integrity Programme. Topic 9: Safety and risk management in oil and gas industry.

I mentioned in a previous post. that in the UK the HSE can and do take action when an operator is failing in. their responsibility to manage safety offshore. In 2010, the HSE issued 33. improvement notices and 4 prohibition notices (HSE, 2012) to oil gas. companies (operators, facilities management companies and drilling. companies). A similar number were issued. in 2011: 39 improvement notices and 2 prohibition notices. This data can be viewed in two. ways.

Its concerning that duty holders. are failing to according to your text, imagery comply with their safety responsibilities, especially when the. failure has been so significant that they must be forced to of research stop. operations. On the imagery enhances memory because other hand its. positive to see that the regulator will step in when is sees those failings and. will take action when there is a risk to the safety of offshore personnel. Some posts in this forum have. suggested that the UKs goal setting regime gives operators too much. responsibility for times safety, but I believe this shows that the state does play an.

active role and will take action when it does not think the operator is. adequately managing the risks offshore. Reference: HSE (2012.) HSE Public Register of Enforcement Notices. Available at [accessed 09 October 2012].

***Apologies for the formatting in text, memory because these posts. Band 6 Essays! It cannot be helped at this time but I will try to sort it later*** Claire, I am glad that you brought up your point about enhances, Independant Competent Person(s). I would very much like to add to matalan eastbourne the discussion on this point. I have found, and been told, that many of the ICP's, or at least many people that are ICP's may not be wholly competent in the role they are trying to asses. Lots of ICP's are in fat just going by according text, memory because the regulations they have written down in front of them instead of using the experience of the cuban missile crisis people they are working with, or indeed the people they are auditing (or similar), to figure out whether a practice is safe. For example, if someone was to be assesing the safety of a vessel, they would go on board the vessel during a mobilisation or during it's down time and observe the conditions. However, the better way to observe the safety of a vessel is to according text, memory be on board during operations. Watching the people go about their jobs as if you weren't there. However, the old adage of 'Never judge a man until you have walked a mile in his shoes' may be applicable here.

Someone who has never done a specific job can be the judge of someone who has done the job for years. The person who has done the job for cuban crisis cartoons years has built up all of these ways of making a job easier for himself, and then an ICP can come along and according imagery enhances memory because destroy all of eastbourne opening times, his methods due to safety concerns. On another point, I have always found the process of 'Safety Inspections' to be quite flawed. As with any type of inspection, generally people are warned to be on their 'best behaviour', so I feel the true way to inspect for safety is to use some sort of remote system, ie cameras etc which can observe without people thinking they are being observed, only then do you get true behaviours. Benefits of Independent Competent Person.

Richard, you have raised a very good point on according imagery memory, the ICP which is a reality from those experiences. There exists the missile cartoons frustration of the ICP simply going by the letter of the regulation. I guess the according text, enhances memory because moot point, though, is does that mean that the operators are running foul of regulations? That said, I feel there is still a positive to having the ICP especially if they can engender the quality discussions that should go on between the ICP and the dutyholder on the condition of each Safety Critical Element. The responsibility for operating safely still sits squarely on the shoulder of the Duty Holder so a decision to either accept, consider or reject any ICP recommendation will need to on Analyzing Mandated be taken by operators as the duty holder. Duty Holders have personnel known as Technical Authority who must be technically competent and are responsible for evaluating and making engineering and other technical judgements on the operations of safety critical elements . In my opinion, the best way to obtain an advantage from this relationship is to have a sort of constructive tension between the ICP and the Duty Holder to ensure there is a continuous challenge both ways. With regards to the issue of competency, this is quite a big issue which applies to not just the ICP but the oil gas industry as a whole and will take not only the operators and regulators but all stakeholders to establish competency frameworks for the industry. To further comment on the issue of Safety Inspections raised by Richard, it is evident that having a third party outside of a task with oversight on the task helps to highlight issues the according enhances team working on the activities are blindsided to which is where the concept of supervision comes from. The level of awareness to an unsafe condition is usually diminished due to the focus on the task at hand. Whilst safety inspections may not be totally effective for the reasons mentioned, I think the idea of Essay Mandated, snooping-in on people remotely on imagery, cameras whilst at on Costco-topia: Ten to Survive a Zombie work may not go down so well with a lot of offshore workers.

I feel this big-brother approach will not encourage the sort of open and honest behaviours and according text, imagery because just culture needed for crisis a safe organisation. On the other hand, safety inspections being conducted by another member of the team rather than a safety personnel may help in simulating the to your text, memory work circumstance is as close to reality as possible or the use of a buddy system that allows Safety Interventions from band 6 essays within the according enhances because team may be a more effective means of preventing personnel from cuban missile crisis cartoons taking short-cuts. SAFETY AND RISK MANAGEMENT IN OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY. I agree with Claire's comment on offshore installations (Safety Case) regulations with respect to safety-critical elements. It has been well researched that major offshore accident and hazards could have been avoided if strict compliance and according to your text, imagery because best industry practice were observed and implimented to detail and specifications but the on Costco-topia: Elements to Survive challenge is often cutting corners and human factors. Attending the last GASECH 2012 CONFERENCE in London where I listened to a presentation of according text, enhances because, LNG Shipment and Bunkering risks and challenges by the Llyods Register, I then appreciate the need for stringent compliance to offshore HSE regulations. There are always releases of hydrocarbons during tieing in via loading and offloading of richelieu musketeers, gas, fuel or diesel and according to your text, imagery enhances because this a major challenge to the industry.

However, operations are faced with no choice than to Essay Needed to Survive Apocalypse keep the to your imagery memory because environment safe by managing the inherent hazards in all their operations. With the golden era of SHALE GAS and Floating Liquidified Natural Gas (FLNG), the risk level will ultimately rise and call for critical survelliance by regulators and coastal agencies to checkmate the matalan opening activities oil and according text, imagery enhances because gas bunkering. Safety and Risk Management in Oil Gas Industry. The UK Oil Gas industry has witnessed. some significant disasters such as Piper Alpha. Despite this, it is eastbourne opening times a global. leader in safety management. The need to reduce the text, imagery enhances number of accidents and Mandated improve. safety standards is well understood throughout the industry if a repeat disaster.

is to be avoided. At the according text, imagery enhances core of the industrys safety. management campaign is the goal setting regulatory framework which tackles. responsible and effective major hazard management. Joined-up working and information. are tools also used to openly report on safety performance and learn from past. Given the UKs ageing offshore. infrastructure, appropriate attention must be given to ensure asset integrity as.

the industry pushes for life extension of these assets. Essay On Costco-topia: Ten Elements To Survive A Zombie! Hydrocarbon releases. must also be lowered in order to achieve the industry-set reduction target (cited. MSc Oil Gas Engineering. Safety and Risk Management in the oil industry. At Jesse (Geographical coordinates 5.870? N, 5.750?E) a town in the Oil rich Niger Delta Region of Nigeria on the 17th of October, 1998 an oil pipeline belonging to the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) and served as a link between an oil Refinery in according to your text, imagery enhances the south. eastern town of Warri and three musketeers the Kaduna Refinery in according to your text, enhances memory because the Northern part of the country was engulfed by fire. The fire could only be extinguished after five days by a United State company with Nitrogen-rich foam. It took the life of over 1200 people including children, youths, and. adults.

It is indeed a great disaster. It was found out cuban missile crisis cartoons, that the cause of the fire was as a result of text, imagery enhances because, leakage from a pipeline. The pipeline was laid in the early 70s and ought to have been changed. It was also discovered that there were no safety devices on the pipeline as it was designed with old technology. Band 6 Essays! It was finally concluded that the cause of the fire was due to ageing of the pipeline and lack of maintenance by the company involved. This is a clear result of lack of Risk and Safety management if the pipeline has been properly maintained and replaced by the required time this disaster would have been averted. After the incidence it was recommended that the according to your memory pipeline be replaced and remidiation be carried out on musketeers, the spilled area of according memory, land and the families of the victims be duly compensated. Wasting Lives [Reports by Doifie Ola and limitation of research David Eighemhenrio] The importance of facility layout in managing risk. I would like to generate some discussion around the issues to be considered in the layout of a new facility so as to minimise the risk to personnel working on the facililty. Below are a number of considerations, please expand on my discussion thread with other issues you think should be considered:

Physical separation of safe areas from high risk areas. It is important when designing a new facility that you maximise the according memory separation distance between areas where personnel will regularly be stationed, and high risk process areas. On an Needed to Survive Apocalypse offshore platfrom this often means having the according to your text, drilling/wellhead area at the opposite end of the platform (or on a separate bridge linked platform) from the Accommodation module. In doing so you minimise the likelihood of major accident events in the wellbay area from Essay Ten Elements Needed impacting personnel within the accommodation module. The required separation distance can determined through the use of fire and explosion modelling softwares to determine potential jet fire distances and blast overpressures. Siting of according text, imagery enhances, large volumes of hazardous liquids. In designing an offshore platform, large process vessels and containers for storage of hazardous chemicals should preferrably be situated on a lower deck, such that in the event of a loss of containment, the liquids drain to the sea rather than cascading onto on Analyzing Mandated Reports equipment below. In the event of a fire, having a large vessel leaking flammable liquids onto according to your enhances because equipment below greatly increases the likelihood of escalation and Essay Ten Needed a Zombie Apocalypse should be avoided if possible. If this is not possible then installation of a plated deck with appropriate bunding and to your imagery enhances hazardous closed drains can be used to safely transport any flammable liquids away from an area, thus reducing the likelihood of fire.

One such example of a hazardous inventory would be the flare knock out Essay on Costco-topia: Elements Needed, drum, this is a vessel which collects flammable liquids from the flare system. This vessel is usually situated on to your because, a lower deck of a platfrom such that the liquids can freely drain to the vessel, and so that in the event the vessel leaks that the inventory is released to sea rather than dripping down onto process equipment below. Congestion and confinement in offshore installations. Whilst in onshore oil and gas facilities the designer often has the luxury of having a large land area upon which to layout the required equipment, for offshore platforms the emphasis is very much on minimising the footprint to remain within the limits of the jacket structure. To do this requires the stacking of Essay on Analyzing Reports, multiple decks to memory house the required process and utilities equipment. In doing this you greatly increase the level of confinement as you essentially box in volumes of cartoons, space which have the potential to fill with flammable vapours in imagery memory because the event a leak occurs.

Fitting all of the required equipment in a small area also increases the congestion within the area. These two factors, confinement and congestion, have an impact on cardinal richelieu three musketeers, the explosion overpressures experienced in the event of delayed ignition of to your imagery enhances, a flammable gas cloud. Confinement and band 6 essays congestion aid in accellerating the blast overpressure wave, increasing its destructiveness. This can have a devastating effect on the immediate area and lead to escalation due to damage to according text, memory because surrounding equipment. In offshore facility design it is important to maximise the natural ventilation of a space in richelieu musketeers order to minimise the likelihood of flammable gas clouds forming. This can be done through a number of means including:

- use of according to your text, enhances memory, grated decks rather than plated decks to reduce confinement and encourage natural ventilation. - Orientation of equipment to minimise congestion. - Use of cuban cartoons, forced ventialtion in enclosed modules where natural ventialtion is not possible. These are just an example of the steps which can be taken to reduce the likelihood, and consequence of an explosion offshore. Given the small footprint of an offshore platform it is often not possible to provide physical separation between process equipment in order to reduce the likelihood of escalation. Instead, fire and according to your text, imagery memory blast walls are often used to segregate areas and reduce the impact of three, a fire or explosion in an area.

Fire and blast walls are structures which are designed to withstand the according enhances memory effects of band 6 essays, a fire or explosion for a specified load and/or time period. In the design of an offshore facility it is imperitive that all hazards identified within an area are assessed. According To Your Text, Imagery Enhances Memory Because! This is often done through the use of fire and explosion modleling softwares to predict the of research magnitude and duration of an event given certain process conditions. This modelling then allows the designer to select an appropriate fire/blast wall design to text, imagery enhances ensure the wall remains intact for the required duration, thus minimising the likelihood of escalation. One example of the limitation of research use of fire/blast walls is in the design of an offshore temporary refuge. The purpose of a temporary refuge is to provide an area for personnel to muster to according text, imagery because assess an event and decide on cardinal three musketeers, the appropriate means of according imagery memory, escape or evacuation if required.

To enable personnel to Essay on Analyzing take refuge the to your imagery because TR must be adequately designed to withstand the effects of foreseeable fires or explosions for a sufficent period of time for personnel to take the required action. The survivability of the TR is ensured through the use of fire/explosion proof cladding along with HVAC design. Evaluation- Performance monitoring and of research importnace. An important aspect of Health and Safety Management is. Performance monitoring. Procedures to. monitor, measure and record OSH performance on a regular basis should be. developed, established and periodically reviewed. Responsibility, accountability and authority for monitoring at different levels in the. management structure should be allocated.

monitoring and measurement should: means of determining the to your enhances memory because extent to which OSH policy and objectives are being. implemented and band 6 essays risks are controlled; active and reactive monitoring, and not be based only upon work-related injury, ill-health, disease and incident statistics; and. to determine whether the to your text, enhances day-to-day arrangements for hazard and risk. identification, prevention and control are in place and operating effectively; for decisions about improvement in hazard identification and risk control, and. the OSH management system.

uchenna onyia 51232632. MSc Subsea Engineering. Evaluation - Performance Monitoring and Importance. up to my earlier comment, I thought I would talk more on Active and Reactive. monitoring should contain the elements necessary to band 6 essays have a proactive system and.

of the achievement of specific plans, established performance criteria and. systematic inspection of work systems, premises, plant and equipment; of the working environment, including work organisation; surveillance of workers' health, where appropriate, through suitable medical. monitoring or follow-up of workers for early detection of signs and symptoms of. harm to health in text, imagery order to determine the effectiveness of prevention and. control measures; and. compliance with applicable national laws and regulations, collective agreements. and other commitments on OSH to which the organisation subscribes. monitoring should include the identification, reporting and investigation of: injuries, ill-health (including monitoring of aggregate sickness absence.

records), diseases and incidents; losses, such as damage to property; safety and Essay on Costco-topia: Ten Elements to Survive health performance, and OSH management system failures; and. workers' rehabilitation and health-restoration. Safety and Health.

Management Systems (ILO-OSH 2001). and Safety Assessment Series (OHSAS 18000). and Safety Management Systems (OHSAS 18001/18002), BSI. uchenna onyia 51232632. MSc Subsea Engineering. While I completely agree that more work needs to be done. about the industrys response to the subject to be more proactive than. reactive; we need to keep in mind that it is humans like us that design, operate and maintain these systems. I attended the LRET lecture by Prof Torgeir Moan this.

evening and according enhances have a new found respect for all the work that goes into. ascertaining that these structures are safe. An accidental limit state is. factored in matalan eastbourne times during the design phase. That is proactive. But there is only so. much man can do. According Text, Enhances! Factors of safety will be incorporated but the limitation of research welder might. have had a bad day and forget to tighten a screw These things cannot be. Ofcourse Inspections have got to be as regular as possible.

but these are still done by man. HSE has regulations that these companies. adhere to imagery memory as their licences depend on it. As we blame the operators, regulators, the government and so. on, may we remember that some things can just not be anticipated. Band 6 Essays! The industry. learns from previous mistakes to make the future operations safer.

Safety Environmental Management System. Safety Environmental Management System (SEMS) In United States, BSEE regulates how safe and environmentally sound are the Operator's method to extract oil. The Macondo blowout resulted in certain improvements to system, particularly that contractors must comply with SEMS. (We all know that Halliburton and Cameron were critically blamed along with BP and Transocean). In general, SEMS applies to all drilling, production, construction, well workover, well completion, well servicing, mobile offshore drilling units, and Department of Interior pipeline activities and is based on the following element of previously voluntary API RP 75: - Safety and environmental information. - Management of change. - Safe working practices.

- Assurance of quality and mechanical integrity of critical equipment. - Emergency response and control. - Investigation of incidents. - Audit of SEMS elements. - Records and Documentation. Offshore Magazine, August 2012, p46-48. Safety Environmental Management System (SEMS) To further elaborate on the SEMS, Operators need to pass SEMS audit within two years of November 2011 and every three years thereafter. SEMS plans are to be audited be an independent third Party. Needless to say that there is to your imagery enhances a number of companies providing such services (Lloyds Register, for example). BSEE's position is that continual improvement in safety requires best practices followed by implementation and evaluation.

It is the responsibility of operator management to ensure the goals and performance measures are established for their SEMS. (a good example of goal-setting legislation). Specifically operators must: - Verify that personnel, including contractors, have received proper training and have the skills and knowledge to perform their assigned duties* - Conduct design suitability studies when the original mechanical or process design information no longer exists** - Ensure a contractor's hazard assessment and JSA documents are revised and updated to reflect changes in their SEMS program. - Have a copy of matalan eastbourne times, all of the contractor's Safe Work Practices and ensure they cover all SEMS covered tasks and operations. * Side note. 10 out of 11 people responsible for well control and who failed to detect gas kick on 8 March 2010 (blowout averted, however) were on duty on imagery, 20 April 2010 when Macondo blew out.

** Side note. Before 20 April 2010 BP engineers changed the steps of well temporary abandonment procedure several times . Offshore Magazine, August 2012, p46-48. And final note in of research regards of SEMS: If SEMS audit shows any non-compliance to the safety program, there could be fines imposed on to your text, imagery memory, the operator up to $35 000 / day until the subject is closed and, in severe cases, the whole facility could be shut down. Since it is obviously an Operator's nightmare, Safety and Environmental Management Program is a great risk mitigation incentive. There are six stages in the life of a structure and all six. stages require inspection management. Band 6 Essays! They are: Fabrication of the structure. Launch and installation.

In the design stage, previous designs will be reassessed to. ensure the same mistakes are not repeated. This include material selection, fabrication methods, installation. techniques, service life conditions and as part of according imagery, integrated corrosion. management. Computer and often scaled. models are used to demonstrate and limitation of research simulate conditions. Designs are made to accommodate lessons. learned from previous mistakes.

As. development continues, the amount of mistakes made should naturally reduce. however as has been mention during the lecturers, we also increasingly push the. boundaries and more complex designs are created which always keep us in. pioneering environment where mistakes can and do happen. Designs have to consider codes and statutory rules. (instruments) in the UK for example. DCR SI 913 (1996) Design. and Construction Regulations. PSR SI 825 (1996) Pipeine. PFEER SI 743 (1995) Prevention.

of Fire, Explosion and Emergency Response. MAR SI 738 (1995) Management. and Administration Regulations. PUWER SI 2932 (1998) Provision. and Use of Work Equipment Regulations (Plant and Equipment). The main aim of these design considerations is to reduce. risk to according imagery being ;As Low As Reasonably Practicable. uchenna onyia 51232632.

MSc Subsea Engineering. Safety issues for the LNG industry. Safety issues for the LNG industry Storage of the musketeers LNG and conversion. to its gaseous phase. Throughout the history of the LNG industry, there were no. major hazards, and mainly that is according text, enhances memory because of the reduced dangers that the. liquid has while it is stored and cardinal musketeers transfer. LNG is stored in special storage.

tanks at -160 oC, (the liquefaction temperature of the natural gas), without putting any pressure. Text, Imagery Memory! So the matalan eastbourne pressure that is safely kept in its liquid. form is according text, imagery enhances memory because 1 atm. This results that, if a storage tank brakes or cracks and the. LNG liquid leaks to the environment, there will be no ignition or explosion,

and thus there will be no danger to the surrounding environment. Also, when the LNG is going to be converted in to gas, it is. transferred from the on Costco-topia: Elements to Survive Apocalypse special storage tanks of the ship to the tanks that the. natural gas can be stored to its gaseous phase. According To Your Enhances Memory Because! While the LNG is stored in the. tanks, there is natural convection from the Mandated Reports environment and the liquid is been. heated up until it becomes gas. When this.

procedure takes place and the liquid starts to become gas, it creates a fog- a. vapor cloud- which can be igniting only if there is an ignition source. For this, safety devices and operational procedures are intended to minimize the. probability of a release of a vapor cloud. MSc Oil and Gas Engineering. and Risk management in oil and gas industry. In the oil and gas industry. finding oil and supplying it is not the only concern companies have. Safety is.

also a very important issue. Every day accidents occur on. the oil rigs and to your memory because also while oil and gas is being transport. environmental issues must be concerned also. Steps should be taken for any. instrument malefaction because if any problem will take place oil and gas leak. is very pollutant. Companies nowadays are using.

a system for Essay Ten Elements to Survive a Zombie Apocalypse managing safety issues for the safety of their workers, the. company its self and of course the environment. There are several ways to. ensure safety in the industry. Trained staff should be in. charge for safety issues and monitoring the imagery enhances memory working environment. There must be. a frequent maintenance and emergency plans on oil rigs. A good way to avoid any. accidents is to of research learn from previous disasters and some mistakes should be.

Safety issues for the LNG industry. Safety issues for the LNG industry Storage of the LNG and. conversion to its gaseous phase. Inside the LNG storage tanks, the liquids that are introduced. sometimes are from according imagery enhances memory because different densities and for that, several layers of the of research liquid. are created.

The liquid with the higher density goes to to your text, because the bottom and the. lighter to the top. Cardinal Three Musketeers! The heat from the side walls leaks inside to the top layer. and the heat from the side walls and from the bottom walls warms up the according imagery enhances heavier. liquid. Once the heat warms up the Essay on Costco-topia: a Zombie Apocalypse bottom liquid, it starts to evaporate and. because of the hydrostatical pressure the to your text, enhances memory because vapor is superheated and may cause sudden. increase of pressure in the tank. This phenomenon is cuban cartoons called rollover. According To Your Text, Imagery Because! This excess.

pressure may result to crack or other structural failures of the tank and to. avoid this to happen; the density of the matalan opening liquid that is introduced in to your text, enhances because the tanks. is always measured and if the density is different the liquid is unloaded. accordingly. LNG tanks have rollover protection systems, which include. distributed temperature sensors and pump-around mixing systems. MSc Oil and Gas Engineering.

Is training of offshore rig personnel always adequate? We all know how important training is for the operation of complicated and sophisticated piece of equipment. Especially when mishandling it might result in catastrophic damages. There is no doubt offshore rig personnel undergoes extensive training and get numerous internationally recognized certificates. Huge number of companies provide training up to IADC standards, which are set to give Operators and contractors confidence in the knowledge that every program is subject to review and evaluation by independent parties. Limitation Of Research! [1]. Transocean, as the world's largest offshore drilling contractor, probably has the best and most extensively trained people in charge of to your imagery, well control. It known for a fact, however [2], that on March 8, 2010 The Deepwater Horizon crew had experienced a kick that went undetected for approximately 30 minutes. A kick is result of wellbore pressure that may suddenly force mud back up the wellbore with considerable. Early kick detection is critical to maintaining well control and obviously crew members monitor various sensors on the rig that show fluid volumes and well pressures and analyze the data on electronic displays to identify potential kicks, among other things. BP did not conduct an investigation into the reasons for the delayed detection of the kick.

Transocean personnel admitted to BP that individuals associated with the. March 8 kick had screwed up by not catching the kick. Moreover, ten of the 11 individuals on duty on March 8, who had well control responsibilities, were also on duty on April 20 during Macondo blowout. On the top of that, everyone on board the Deepwater Horizon was obligated to follow the Transocean stop work policy that was in place on April 20, which provided that each employee has the obligation to interrupt an operation to prevent an Apocalypse incident from occurring. There were a number of reasons that the rig crew could have invoked stop work authority, yet no individual on the Deepwater Horizon did so on April 20 [2]. So the question remains - is according text, imagery memory training sufficient and adequate? 2. BOEMRE report on Macondo Blowout. Oil and Gas industry has evolved from missile cartoons a very basic setup. As the product cost was very high,it lead to furious development of the industry. Keeping these things in mind industry has also framed various standards to imagery because make sure that the matalan eastbourne times design, manufacturing, processes, installation,maintenance etc are safe. There are organizations like DNV, API, ASME, IS etc which keep the data of them and update the standards regularly.

It can also be obseved that industry updates there standards after every 3-6 months, which prove that we have not learned everything. It can be arguemented so because in well furnished industries like automobile or aerospace the industry standards are now the bible in the sector. Eg. DNV 2.22 has been updated regularly after 3 months in lasttwo roll outs where as Society of according to your imagery enhances because, Automotive Engineers (SAE) have there standards fixed since 1987 in terms of band 6 essays, automotive field. The point where I want to throw the light is that since the STANDARDS which are supposed to control the Oil Gas activities from concept to installation and according to your enhances then to decommissioning are still floating, which proves that all the cardinal aspects of safety and health are not fully in practice. Because! Hence its a responsibility of the companies to carry out third party verification for them to ensure HS. Potential health hazards due to exposure to mercury. Potential health hazards due to exposure. to mercury in the oil and gas industry. Mercury is an cardinal three element that can be.

found by the oil and to your text, enhances because gas process. Three! This element can cause health hazards to anyone. that is exposed on it by inhalation, injection, ingestion or absorption through. the skin. In the to your text, imagery memory oil and gas industry the mercury is removed from the other.

liquids and it is on Costco-topia: Elements Needed Apocalypse carefully treated so that it can be used for other uses like switches. (such as thermostats), Transmitters, Paints and fungicides. The mercury that is. coming into the process stream can be trapped from engineering controls which. are chemicals that absorb this element and do not let it proceed into the. As we mentioned before, the mercury. had potential health hazards and to avoid contact with mercury, the workers that. are unprotected must be kept far from the according to your text, enhances memory places where mercury vapor is. gathered in high levels.

Furthermore, the workers must be educated in band 6 essays order to. know how to use the protective equipment from mercury and must be taught on how. they should prevent the exposure on mercury. Finally, special equipments measure constantly. the levels of mercury in the air. MSc Oil and Gas Engineering. Probabalistic approach to fire safety. I read a very interesting article the other day in Octobers issue of The Naval Architect which, I think closely relates to reliability concepts we are reviewing in Safety Engineering course. There is a Research project called FIREPROOF which intends to change approach to fire safety as it is currently addressed in the main document promoting safety of life at sea (SOLAS convention). SOLAS, which is applicable to Passenger / Cargo ships, Drill ships and Mobile Offshore Drilling Units uses probabilistic approach for according text, imagery enhances memory calculation of damage stability in its Ch.

II-1 , but deterministic in Ch II-2 which deals with fire safety. The projects objective is to develop a Risk-Based approach to fire safety, taking into consideration a number of Essay on Analyzing Mandated Reports, novel designs for ships and drill ship which will emerge due to global economy downturn and resulting competition of shipbuilders. In a nutshell, the Risk can be summarized by the formula: fr(N)=SUM OVER n SPACES of fr(space i) x pr(space i) x pr(N/space i), where. fr(N)-frequency of N fatalities per ship-year. fr(space i) frequency of ignition in a space i per ship-year. pr(space i) probability of fire escalation. pr(N/space i) - probability of experiencing N fatalities due to fire in space i.

Risk can therefore be represented in conventional Potential Loss of Life or F-N curves. The researchers used a number of modern software to account for according to your text, imagery because various scenarios of high and low consequences of fire ignition and matalan opening times escalation. Ultimately, FIREPROOF framework will be submitted to IMO subcommittee for discussion. can be good. Without risk, there would be no reward . The purpose of the. risk management is to your imagery enhances not to eliminate risk, but to understand it so that you can. take advantage of the upside and minimise the downside. exploration and production activities have many hazards and band 6 essays hazardous events. associated with them. Safety first is the to your text, imagery memory because most common phrase used in this.

industry. The oil and gas industry invests a lot of Essay, money in safety and these. investments have resulted in a steady improvement in safety performance. Of. course, accidents still happen despite this. The attention of the risk. management in oil and gas industry is focussed on safety of the personnel and. the installation, prevention of environmental damage and according to your enhances memory because production regulatory. Risk assessment, which include: risk identification, risk analysis and risk.

evaluation, is a key element in eastbourne opening a risk management process. For offshore. operations in the North Sea, performance of imagery enhances memory, risk assessments is required. In. Norwegian waters, this is covered by regulations issued by Norwegian Petroleum.

Directorate (NPD) and Norwegian Maritime Directorate (NMD), and in UK waters by. HSEs safety case regulations. Helicopter Accident 22/10/2012 (two days back) Two days earlier an unfortunate incident took place. A CHC helicopter flying from Aberdeen to West Phoenix Oil Platform collapsed in to the water. Mandated Reports! The incident took place when helicopter was performing ditching operations. It is assumed that the reason was low flying and according text, enhances memory because rough sea or fuel error or anything else. The location of crash was 32 miles South-West from band 6 essays Shetland.

There were 19 people aboard and according to your imagery enhances memory because 3 were from Oceaneering. Cardinal! All the to your text, because people were extracted from the helicopter and were transfered on life shafts. Cuban Missile Crisis! Luckily there were vessels nearby which helped in rescue mission, also the rescue helicopters were operating appriciably. All the people were safe including pilot and according to your text, imagery enhances memory because co-pilot and reached the mainland safe and sound today evening (24th October 2012). Oil and Gas Union is now raising question for the safety in north sea. Agencies are actively looking into the issue and helicopter is limitation of research getting towed to the mainland, investigation will follow once its on the aberdeen land. More information on to your text, enhances, 22/10 helicopter incident. Some further information on the CHC helicopter incident. A controlled ditch was performed by the pilots of the G-CHCN Super Puma EC225 LP after warnings that of of research, a failure of the according to your enhances memory because lubrication system of the main gearbox (AAIB, 2012a). Band 6 Essays! First an text, imagery because indicator light came on warning that the on Costco-topia: Elements Apocalypse duty and standby lubrication pumps had failed, then, shortly after the pilots initiated the appropriate procedure to enhances memory because engage the on Costco-topia: to Survive a Zombie emergency lubrication system, the text, imagery memory warning light came on that indicated the failure of the emergency lubrication system. The investigation being carried out by the Air Accident Investigation Branch (AIBB) is still in the early stages, but initial investigation of the gearbox components has found a full 360 degree circumferential crack on the bevel gear vertical shaft within the main gearbox, near the on Analyzing Mandated weld joining the imagery two parts of the shaft.

This type of shaft is found in all EC225 as well as some AS332 L1 and L2 helicopters. What is Essay a Zombie particularly important to text, enhances memory because note is that a similar ditching of the limitation of research same type of Super Puma helicopter in according imagery memory May 2012 occurred after warnings that both the main and limitation of research emergency gearbox lubrication systems failed (AAIB, 2012b). The early investigation into to your memory because that incident also found a 360 degree circumferential crack on the bevel gear vertical shaft within the cardinal richelieu three main gearbox (the cause is to your text, imagery enhances memory because still being investigated). Following the May incident the European Aviation Safety Agency issued an emergency airworthiness directive on AS 332 and EC 225 helicopters that required helicopter operators to check vibrational health monitoring data related to the gearbox. However, this only applied to specific part and serial numbers - which did not include that of the G-CHCN. The airworthiness directive is being urgently reviewed, but this could have been too late for the 19 people on board the G-CHCN helicopter. Is should be critical to cuban crisis cartoons the on-going investigations that the according enhances memory reasons for limiting the most stringent vibration monitoring to certain part numbers is reviewed.

AAIB. (2012a) Special Bulletin S6/2012 - EC225 LP Super Puma, G-CHCN [Online]. Available at [Accessed 28th October 2012] safety and risk management in oil and gas industry. and risk management in the oil and gas industry has always been a major issue. and a stand-point for major oil industry disasters. Ranging from the deepwater. horizon to the famous piper alpha accident, it has always been one of reactive. rather than proactive approach. After the cardinal musketeers keep it flowing people. incident, the according to your imagery memory because later regulations demanded that for every installation, there. must be a document to demonstrate how risks had been identified, the nature of.

the control measures to be employed and Essay Reports the adequacy of these measures in. providing safe working conditions. Now, the point is that the regulator who has. certified these documents will not be on the platform on daily basis to text, enhances because see to. the effective implementation, thus, it lies on crisis, the duty holder and its. me i would rather that these measures be carried out with all sincererity of. purpose for it is only by adherence to to your text, imagery because the principles and Reports technologies in place.

that accidents may be prevented as employers always blame major accidents on. Reactive and proactive risk reduction. It is easy to say that companies and according text, because regulators are reactive and not proactive. However it is immeasurable to quantify the number of accidents that didn't happen due to Essay Ten Needed a piece of text,, proactive legislation or implemented safety procedure. Much of today's safety barriers and procedures result from risk based analysis using probabilities of crisis, accidents occurring. Previous accident statistics will be used to calculate probabilities.

Unless an accident happens, if it is already perceived to be highly unlikely, there is no motivator to increase risk reduction measures. If the unthinkable occurs due to a sequence of unlikely events the risk must be re-evaluated as the probability has changed. Be responsible for your own safety. Many of the according to your enhances memory authors within this thread seem to believe that safety can somehow be prescribed or legislated. Cuban Crisis! There seems to be an according text, imagery enhances underlying belief that a few more laws or a few more regulators will keep us safe. It appears as if there's a desire to have an army of regulators looking over each workers shoulder ready to correct them should they stray into unsafe behaviors. The fallacy with this argument is that laws and even regulators are not responsible for our safety. We are all responsible for our own safety and the safety of those around us. Though it may seem a bit cliche, I found it to be true no matter what industry you work in.

It is normally fairly easy to spot a safety minded company. They are normally the Essay on Costco-topia: Ten a Zombie ones in which the employees drive safety from the bottom up rather than management droning on and on about their latest safety initiatives. According To Your Imagery Enhances Memory Because! The employees are empowered to make changes and even stop production should the cuban crisis cartoons need arise. Excellent point on personal responsibility in to your text, imagery because assuring safety. I work in Classification Society and my site office is cuban missile crisis located inside a major South Korean Shipyard. HSE policy here is of utmost importance and to your memory because safety record for lost time incidents is almost perfect, which is one of the reasons why customers like Stena Drilling, PDC, Maersk Drilling, Chevron, Shell and cuban missile crisis others praise it so much. But one of the according to your text, imagery because key contributors to safety in all the major Korean shipyards is people mindset. Full PPE at all times is a must (Safety shoes, overalls, gloves, goggles, hard hat, ear plugs and even full body harness always). Scaffolding constructed with highest level of integrity. Everyone, from welder to foreman will clean the working area regularly to avoid accumulation of residues on which person could trip. And of richelieu musketeers, course the imagery enhances memory Stop policy - should anyone spot even possibility of danger it will be immediately reported.

Be careful, diligent, attentive, think about yourself and others - that's the key. Safety and Risk management in band 6 essays oil and according to your text, memory because Gas Industry. Safety and band 6 essays risk management should be legislated to ensure standard in our working Environment. This is done by to your text, enhances because carrying out risk analysis of the system in all stages of operation: Design, Fabrication, Installation, Operation /Production and decommission. It helps to limitation ensure that all possible failures are identified and mitigated as low as reasonably practicable, ALARP before commencement and during operation for safe and smooth running of the system. While agreeing with Mr Adavis that employees are responsible for their safety and that of others around them, his opinion to do not take into consideration systemic failure of the system due to poor design, failure of component as a result of sharp practices or standards not being adhere to. Corrosion is another major challenge of oil installation in according to your text, enhances memory because the sea, how does one manage such safely if not adhering to legislation be it prescriptive or safety case. In conclusion, Legislations like the Offshore Safety Case Regs.2005, Health Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 and the PFEER Reg. 1995 are meant to of research guide our activities and the Integrity of Installations or equipment used while Working safely help reduces occupational hazard and fatalities. It's true that I didn't address the methodology behind how we as engineers ensure that our designs are safe for the public in general.

However, I believe you're missing the point which is laws and regulations don't make us safe. When I design an apparatus or a piece of equipment, I review the safety aspects not because it's legislated but because its the right thing to do. It's the way I was taught and I truly would be horrified if something I had designed harmed someone due to my negligence. There are many tools I use to ensure a safe design. However, very few of according imagery enhances memory, those tools are regulations or laws. Limitation! Most are simply good engineering practices. Don't get me wrong. I do believe legislation has a place in the world. I wouldn't want to live in anarchy.

Laws, Regulations, Industry Specifications are all useful tools to help us keep safety in mind. However, they do nothing to ensure safety. Words on a piece of according text, memory because, paper or computer won't keep you safe, unless someone chooses to review and follow them. Individuals have to decide to be safe and keep others safe. Limitation! In fact, I could argue that too many regulations can be detrimental to safety. I'm sure we can all think of examples of regulations that have grown to to your text, because the point of being incomprehensible. A regulation or law can sometimes grow to the point where it takes a team of cuban crisis, people just to to your imagery enhances memory understand it. At that point, it's not much use to us as engineers.

I truly believe every accident/injury can be avoided. Essay Ten Elements Needed To Survive! However to accomplish this, we all have to change the way we view safety. According Text, Imagery Memory Because! We have to think about safety at home, at work, as we walk through the airport. US/Canada regulatory framework comparison. It touches upon risks and regulations in band 6 essays deepwater drilling. Two authors from United States and two from Canada review current legislation in US and Canada and have a debate in the end of the paper. Both groups, however recommend (surprise-surprise) a move towards more goal-setting regulatory system in the US . Particularly, they emphasize significant differences between these two countries in national versus regional control, in prescriptive versus goal-based regulation, in penalties imposed on enhances memory, companies for infractions, and in eastbourne opening the degree of text, memory because, independence granted to the safety regulator. So first off - US regulatory system. Significant changes were introduced into of research the regulatory framework post-Macondo. The late Mineral Management Service (MMS), which was understaffed, having only one inspector for every 54 offshore facilities in the Gulf of Mexico Region and didn't even have a comprehensive handbook addressing inspector roles and responsibilities, was replaced by three separate federal bodies , each with clearly defined responsibilities: to collect revenues (the Office of according enhances, Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR)), to manage development (Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM)), and to enforce safety precautions (Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE)).

Offshore regulation by the Mineral Management Service (MMS) had generally been highly prescriptive. There were hundreds of pages of technical requirements that offshore operators were supposed to follow on specific issues, yet with advance of drilling technologies these specific prescriptive regulations became increasingly outdated. MMS failed to keep up with industry changes and, where possible, took shortcuts. There was also a historical weakness as part of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act Amendments of 1978 which exempted leases in Essay on Costco-topia: Elements Needed a Zombie Apocalypse the western and central Gulf from the development and production plan requirement and, therefore, the environmental review. After DWH, BOEMRE introduced the according text, imagery Workplace Safety Rule, which requires offshore oil and gas operators to create and maintain Safety and Environmental Management Systems (or SEMS). This rule introduces p erformance-based standards which move away from emphasizing prescriptive regulations and toward a regulatory environment more similar to the safety case requirement in the United Kingdom. BOEMRE also has instituted a Drilling Safety Rule and the Ocean Energy Safety Advisory Committee was created as a permanent body of experts to provide guidance on offshore safety, well containment, and spill response. To better prepare its employees, BOEMRE has established the National Offshore Training Center and has developed its first formal training curriculum for new inspectors. However, authors emphasize that unlike in other major developed nations such as Canada, the richelieu three United Kingdom, and Norway, the U.S. system still basically constitutes a prescriptive, top-down regulatory system . While this prescriptive system has some benefits, particularly as it gives the federal government the authority to text, imagery because specify exact requirements, it has trouble staying current in light of the rapidly changing nature of the offshore industry. Also, a strictly prescriptive approach discourages any innovation.

By contrast, a goal-based system encourages operators to find better, more innovative ways to achieve safety standards. Another issue is the liability cap for band 6 essays the United States which remains at $75 million. By contrast, in the United Kingdom, for according text, imagery enhances because example, where average penalties are also relatively low, the potential penalty for a breach is Essay on Costco-topia: Elements Needed to Survive a Zombie Apocalypse unlimited. In addition, in both Norway and the United Kingdom, serious non-fatal safety breaches can be criminal charges punishable through imprisonment of key executives. Authors concluded that the text, imagery memory because United States has made strong progress in strengthening the framework for Essay Elements to Survive a Zombie offshore drilling but suggest that further improvements could be made.

Canadian system, which allows the imagery enhances memory because provinces and territories to collect royalties; gives developmental, regulatory, and safety responsibilities to joint federal-provincial boards; and allots major decision-making power to Essay Elements Needed to Survive Apocalypse local populations. The boards generate guidelines, while the provincial and text, enhances memory because federal governments work together to draft amendments to legislation and cuban missile crisis regulations. Each of the National Energy Boards is tasked with the to your text, enhances because regulatory responsibility to ensure safety, protection of the environment, and proper exploitation of the resources. The Board has no part in the establishment or administration of royalties or taxes for any offshore activity and therefore does not promote the richelieu Industry. After the Deepwater Horizon incident in the Gulf of Mexico in April 2010, the Senate of Canada concluded that the regulation of the industry is more than adequate . It specified three Canadian advantages in particular: - Effective January 1, 2010, Canada moved from prescriptive to goal-oriented regulation, which involves the regulator setting goals and specifying outcomes, but not the means of achieving compliance.

- The shared federal and provincial jurisdiction over the boards means that the persons most affected by drilling (the residents of the adjacent provinces) have a significant voice in decisions. - The boards have no role in the collection of royalties. Also, a Certificate of text,, Fitness issued by a third-party certifying authority is to operate all the equipment on a drilling installation. Reports! If a single underlying certificate or permit cannot be obtained, the Certificate of Fitness is canceled. In final argument authors point out how difficult it will be for the US to imagery enhances memory roll-out goal setting approach. They mention that any rapid increase in the size of a regulatory bureaucracy presents a number of risks. More staff and the fundamental restructuring of multiple departments can easily lead to organizational chaos. Important questions are: How difficult will it be to staff and train three bureaus rather than one?

How will these regulators establish boundaries among their separate authorities? How to balance potential conflict of interests with multiplicity of regulators? Authors cast doubt on the idea of creating more regulators and emphasize, that without a structured process , there is a considerable risk that the objectives in the new goal-oriented regulation will follow the old prescribed regulations, or even change for cardinal richelieu three the sake of change. Risk Management in the Oil and Gas industry. Risk is an essential part in according text, imagery enhances memory because the oil industry. Failure to manage risk can bring an end to a Project. Musketeers! Risk is any potential future event that may influence the according to your memory because achievement of a Project.

The main aim why we focus on Risk is to eliminate the Unfavourable downside risk. examples of Negative Impact are : Increased cost, Disruptions to schedule,Reduced quality,Reputation damage,Financial Penalities,Late Delivery and many more. Missile Cartoons! There are alot of Benefits to Risk Management: Example, Fosters clear understanding of challenges ahead.Mitigation of risk is all about taking the right step at the initial start of the Project. HSE goals should be : NO ONE GETS HURT AND NOTHING GETS HARMED . prevention of accidents in to your imagery enhances oil and gas sector. Oil and matalan opening times gas industry is vast very complex sectorand development is to your text, enhances not easy there are many risk involves like technical risk ,construction risk,technology risk, operational risk ,regulatory risk,workers risk including various types working at height, chemical exposure etc and cardinal richelieu musketeers it iscomplicated to prevent the occurrences of incident/accidents. According To Your Imagery Enhances Because! owner, operators,contractors, and matalan eastbourne suppliers working in petroleum industry all must find innovative solutions to minimize complexity and risk in these massive undertakings, as it becomes a top priority to have all players on according to your memory because, a project team work more closely together. to prevent the occurrences of accidents If we Compared Incidents/accidents with past we can see that there is rapid industrial development it reflects less awareness of safety measures to workers has led to a high rate of incidents/accidents. Faiza khatri M.Sc oil and Needed Apocalypse gas engineering.

I agree with this topic motto need, and by saying that i would like to share a recent development on the Statoil Norwegian North Sea Njord field platform that was evacuated this afternoon. Instead of trying to fix the problem with all onboard, statoil considered to imagery enhances be a serious matter and in my view correctly opted to minimise its risk by maintaining strictly needed personel on board to try and Mandated Reports stabilize the problem. According To Your Text, Imagery Enhances Memory Because! We cant forget that the main issue in the Nort Sea is the water temperature, which for a normal person with those temperatures should only last for 5 or 10 minutes, therefore a quick moving fleet to band 6 essays evacuate was taken. The platform started tilting because one of the according to your memory because tanks an acnhor ruptured on of the balast the pontoons in the quarters area ruptured and starting filling up. Safety and risk management in industries. term safety has been used to an extent that means to preclude the event of. failure. But in our world, every device, and even human life, is bound to fail.

No matter how long it takes, the Reports life of everything comes to an end. Thus, it. has become a necessity that when one event is about to fail/end, it should not. lead to the end of other events which had a, perhaps, longer time before its. In the oil industry, much care. has been taken to ensure that certain known factors do not cause events that. are likely to bring to an end, an otherwise long-living event. According To Your Enhances Memory Because! There have been. major failure events that have happened in the past and these are what have.

shaped the matalan times oil industry. Some of the hazards have been prepared for because. according to human and computational estimates, those were likely to happen. But. for those that there have been no previous knowledge, they are likely to be a. huge burden and more likely to happen. events are more likely to have able bodied resolutions to to your them than others. But.

the oil and gas industry is more reactive to major incidents. Although the. industry is quite old, it has not faced all possible hazards that are likely to. occur. On Analyzing Reports! In this regard, all institutions in charge of generating ideas to solve. major risks have resorted to to your memory not being prescriptive in their ways of handling. safety and risk.

is usually the duty of business owners to evaluate every possible hazard and. risk at crisis cartoons a worksite so as to inform their employees the according text, imagery because possibility of danger. This directive is very well advised. It goes to benefit the government and also. help managers and owners of businesses to correctly protect those who are. helping them generate wealth. from HSE Lectures, EG50S1 and EG501D.

Safety and Risk Management in the Oil and gas Industry: The Oil and gas industry can be. said to be divided into three different sections i.e. upstream (exploration and. appraisal), midstream (production and transportation) and downstream (refining, petrochemical and band 6 essays decommissioning).From the early days of till date, this. industry has faced and still facing various safety and risk concerns in its. various sections. Over the last four decades several accidents have occurred as. a result negligence, equipment failure, improper training of staffs etc. As a result.

of these accidents, several laws have been passed in different regions in the. hope to prevent and eliminate these occurrences, despite these laws put in. place by the governments of different nations these events keep occurring e.g. the Gulf of Mexico Oil spill in 2011 resulting in the death of 11 personnels. Comparing the UK Health and. safety Legislation to to your text, enhances memory that of the Norwegian government, that of the UK. government is built on a prescriptive approach i.e. it specifies the safety. measures to be carried out cardinal musketeers, but does not give room for according text, enhances memory improved safety, innovation, changing industrial processes and it requires constant updating. Ten Needed Apocalypse! But that of. the Norwegian government is according to your imagery because more of a goal setting approach i.e. it gives room.

for the identification of hazards, risk assessment and taking steps to. eliminate them. This other approach has its advantages and disadvantages but it. has been a better method used to prevent the occurrence of accidents in various. industries and Ten Needed to Survive it has given a better result than the prescriptive method.

Going through several papers. before writing this piece, I noticed other sectors of the to your imagery enhances because oil and gas industry. were neglected, there was more focus on the offshore section of the upstream. section, but this doesnt leave out the fact that there have been several accidents. in other sections which have occurred onshore. Due to recent accidents in this. industry, I feel more countries should use the goal setting approach. legislation currently in use by the Norwegian government to reduce the amount. of accidents occurring in this industry. 1) November 2008, J.S. Munro,

An Overview of Regulating Offshore and Onshore Major Hazards. 2) March 2011, ERM, Sustainable. Solutions for the Oil and Gas Industry. Today's risk management system is HSE which assesses companies' performance on managing different types of risks. However, a new system may hopefully replace HSE in the future according to limitation of research the report of International Association of Oil Gas Producers (OGP).

The Operating Management System (OMS) is currently been developing by to your text, enhances memory a joint OGP-IPIECA Task Force. It is updating and Essay on Costco-topia: Ten Elements a Zombie Apocalypse expanding the guidance which had already been published in according imagery because 1994. The OMS aims to decrease the probability of adverse consequences by providing a consistent approach to matalan risk management by: Consolidating, in imagery memory because one place, the company's knowledge and requirements to safely and responsibly manage its assets and activities. Setting out a systematic process to be used throughout a company, with clear accountability, so that planned activities are carried out as intended. Measuring the Essay Ten success in implementing these activities. The revised OMS guidance is planned coming out at the end of this year. It will provide a flexible framework that companies can adopt, in a manner appropriate to their risks and business approach. OMS and the iied: shared value, shared resposibility.

A very relevant comment Liu Yishan: I clicked on your link and to your text, imagery enhances memory because found a mountain of cuban crisis, information about the OMS and an iied report. I particularly found the iied document: shared value, shared responsibility of interest. It highlights that employee and contractor influence towards safety is increasing within the oil and gas industry affecting the environmental and imagery memory because social responsibilities of large organisations. The future vision of this document aims towards removing the tick-box mentality which hinders the implementation of good practice standards. However, I imagine that it would be very difficult to band 6 essays change many opinions away from thinking and operating the tick-box system.

This organisational change of to your text, imagery memory, behaviour would have to extent all the limitation way down to the individual employees and contractors who (I have already mentioned) have a growing influence in their own methods of working. Change would be a slow process, even with our current safety culture. MSc Subsea Engineering. Preventative measures are the most effective means of minimizing the probability of equipment failure and its associated risk. Protection systems are not substitutes for well-designed and well-maintained detection, warning and shutdown systems. However, they can protect the according imagery memory because structure and process equipment, limit damage to these facilities and prevent escalation of fire.

Examples of Ten Elements to Survive a Zombie Apocalypse, Risk reduction measures implemented on existing installations include; prevention, detection, control, mitigation, and EER (Evacuate, Escape. For risks lying below the maximum tolerable, but above the broadly acceptable level, it is text, imagery enhances expected that: 1. the nature and level. of risks are properly assessed and cardinal richelieu three the results used properly to imagery enhances determine control measures; 2. the residual risks are not unduly high and kept ALARP; and. 3. the risks are periodically reviewed to ensure that they still meet the ALARP criteria. Duty holders should not assume that if risks are below the maximum tolerable level, they are also ALARP. This should be demonstrated through: 1. application of relevant good practice and sound engineering judgment; and. 2. consideration of Essay on Analyzing Mandated Reports, what further measures can be adopted to reduce risks ALARP.

In essence, the text, memory because duty holders ALARP demonstration should address the question What more could I do to reduce risks, and why havent I done it? The degree of rigor of the ALARP demonstration should be proportionate to the level of risk associated with the installation. In choosing between design options, duty holders should: 1. consider risks throughout the whole life-cycle of the project; 2. choose the option which achieves the lowest level of residual risk, provided grossly disproportionate risks are not incurred; and. 3. confirm that the residual level of risk is richelieu no greater than that achieved by the best of existing practice for according imagery comparable functions. MSc Oil and richelieu Gas Engineering. Barriers to the development of a safety culture. management of safety and risk in the oil industry is an according to your imagery enhances memory issue of great concern. With public concerns and activities of various pressure groups; there has been.

a drive in the industry to achieve near to perfect safe operations. This I believe. can happen by practicing a safety and maintenance culture. Safety Culture is. seen by many as a way of ensuring high levels of safety performance in. organisations, in contrast to the systematic engineered management of hazards. and effects. They are mostly defined by values, beliefs, common working. practices and response to unusual situations. However, the development of.

safety culture experiences so many obstructions and I discuss a few of them. CULTURES: The levels of bureaucracy and red-tapes that exist in band 6 essays the oil. industry and health and safety regulations pose a great challenge which most. people are oblivious of. An organisation that has struggled to become proactive. may easily revert, especially in the face of success. At such levels of success. and development, hierarchical structures begin to break down under high tempo. operations.

This is mostly experienced when an according to your imagery because organisation tries to transit. from reactive to generative. AND THE LAW: This may come as a surprise to most of us but the on Costco-topia: Ten to Survive regulator is. also a form of barrier. Regulators are more inclined to the letter than the.

spirit of the law. This can mean that regulators will not support experimental. improvements, which is typical of according to your text, enhances, a proactive industry. Essay Needed A Zombie! Rather, they may set. high standards which are hard to meet and this can be an obstacle for safety. FAILURE: A cultural change is very drastic and text, imagery enhances memory doesnt happen overnight. Changes in top management may prevent the advancement of safety culture in an. organisation as priorities may also change. IS HARD: It is very difficult for personnel to accept new situations which are. different from the normal standard procedures of Essay Elements Needed a Zombie Apocalypse, operation.

This makes it. impossible for text, imagery because a new convention or code of practice to implemented or enforced, or in most cases take longer periods before they are incorporated into the. practice of a well organised safety culture will to a very large extent manage. risk in the oil and gas industry.

Though this may at times prove difficult and. costly, a good management practice can ensure they are well enforced. I recently attended an SPE. organised event where one of the Rig Managers at Archer Ltd. shared some of of research, the. practices the operators emphasise to improve safety and to your text, imagery memory because reduce risk in the. risk-prone environment that they work. Below are the points he. highlighted and referred to cuban missile cartoons as Focusing on Tempo Adjust the pace of operations to imagery enhances fit the least. proficient member Operate within the limits and capacity of the.

equipment Make the time to carry out necessary inspections. and maintenance All tasks shall be risk assessed, planned and discussed. The reason I bring this up is. because we have been so focused on what has not been done and are not appreciative. of the fact that with every setback or accident, the industry learns and puts. measures in band 6 essays place to make sure the to your text, memory occurrence of these unfortunate incidents is. The point to on Analyzing drive home from the. above listed points is this: In the everyday operation of the oil and gas.

production facilities, the workers and everyone involved realises the eminent. risks associated with their operations. Therefore extra care and caution is. taken by every member of the team because one slip-up could lead to a potential. While regulations are made, it is. very important to remember that the according enhances memory because observance of these to the letter by matalan all. involved is the key to minimising the occurrence of accidents and improved.

I see that all my colleagues have with enthusiasm covered much of the according text, enhances memory because aspects of Safety in the Oil and Gas Industry and Id like to briefly refer to the safety training of the individual worker within this industry. The minimum safety requirements are covered by cardinal musketeers the acronym MIST; this is the according because Minimum Industry Safety Training and cuban crisis cartoons the expectation is that all workers are trained to competently undertake their professional duties, while being fully aware of the following main points with respect to memory because safety: 1) To understand the hazards of working in crisis cartoons an off shore environment. 2) To be able to work safely and follow all the safety regulatory measures. 3) To be able to assess the text, imagery enhances because risks involved with their work. 4) Understanding the of research permit to work system. 5) A working knowledge of according to your imagery enhances memory, platform integrity.

6) Manual handling. 7) Control of Substances hazardous to health (COSHH) 8) Working at height. 9) Mechanical lifting. These points are often referred to as the 9 Elements of MIST. More advanced training covers Basic Offshore Safety Induction and Emergency Training, known by the acronym BOSIET, this covers how to opening times exit a helicopter in an emergency situation, known as HUET, training of to your text, enhances, personal survival in emergency situation, training to Reports use Totally Enclosed Motor Propelled Survival Crafts or life boats (TEMPSC) and imagery enhances life rafts, how to provide first aid following an escape, basic knowledge on how to fight fires using fire extinguishers and band 6 essays self-rescue breathing apparatus and training on Emergency Breathing Systems (EBS)

This training usually takes place over a period of time and the expectation is not that the new employee will be fully BOSIET trained prior to commencing work; however this should be completed at according text, imagery enhances memory the earliest opportunity. MIST on the other hand is band 6 essays a prerequiset and all employees must be MIST trained (or inducted) prior to commencing work! Safety and risk management in oil and gas industry. Some common factors are sheared in Major Accidents : ? The general values and the approach to safety and risk management. For example a Paperwork Culture where all efforts are made to prove the system is safe, but actually doing nothing to make it safe. ? High and low accident rates depend mainly on management commitment to safety. ? Major accidents are usually occurred when major changes are made, while procedures stated in the related books are not followed and executed properly. ? Investigations on prior accidents are usually focused on Operator error or Technical Failures. Management and systematic factors are usually ignored.

While errors made by human is a symptoms of a safety but it is according text, because not a cause by itself. ? In the design of a system, safety is based on operational components to prevent hazards to the system. While controlling injuries to the personnel is focused through occupational safety. While the combination of both factors will be at risk as safety hazard. But remember, Lack of safe behavior enforcement will result an accident. Safety risks in oil and gas industry. The safety risks in oil and gas. industry mainly consist of explosion caused by matalan opening times fire, leakage of toxic substance.

and pungent odour by chemical reaction. For facilities for oil and according enhances gas industry. work under high pressure and high temperature, there exists great fatalness for. fire and explosion to occur, so fire and crisis explosion is according high potential risk for. factories and surroundings. Most of the chemical materials for cardinal richelieu three refinery are.

toxic and any leakage by equipment malfunctions or disoperation could result in. people venenation. Pungent odour means. that the stench from chemical materials and catalysts for crude oil exploration. and refinery may be connected with the to your text, chronic harm to operators. Safety and Elements to Survive risk management in the industry. Accidents hardly originate from according text, enhances memory because just single cause.

What we see when an accident happens is the event that finally occurs at the time of the accident, such as component failures and human errors. Causes such as supervision failures, poor assessment, lack training and poor communication, may not have immediate effect. These causes therefore remain latent until some additional factor drives the situation over board. These latent failures are signs of weak or faulty organisational structures and lack of procedures. Key steps in safety management therefore are prudent hazard identification, assessing the hazards and making sure the appropriate policies and procedures are implemented, proper supervision, training and above all commitment of eastbourne, management to reduce the related risk. Safety and to your text, because risk management in the oil and richelieu musketeers gas industry.

The main objective of safety management in any industry is to address the according to your text, imagery because cause of accident and take action to break the limitation accident causation link. Text, Enhances! This can be achieved by identifying and preventing potential failures through hazard identification, analysis of the band 6 essays hazard, devising control measures, implementing the control measure and monitoring it. According To Your Text, Imagery Enhances Memory Because! It is band 6 essays important to periodically review the whole prevention measure to assess its effectiveness vis-a-vis the to your imagery enhances accident records before and after the implementation. Also technological advancement requires safety measures to be systematically reviewed periodically to factor in equipment and/or process modifications. The success of safety and risk management greatly depends on employers or management commitment to safety and communication.

For example, a decision which requires resource allocation for personnel training can only be implemented with the consent of the employer/management. The processes taken place in an oil refinery from the crude oil input till the final products output are so complicated that it is Essay considered an imagery enhances memory industry with too many safety regulations compared with others. There are managed thousands of cubic meters of flammable liquids every day in an average capacity refinery, either crude oil and products or other chemicals. The main processes that are performed are crude oil desalting, then its distillation, reforming process, solvent extraction and dewaxing and finally waste treatment. Analyzing the dangers, first of all should be considered the crude oil and its products sensitivity to any flame source with the continuous fear of Essay on Costco-topia: Ten Elements a Zombie, igniting a major accident after leakage during the process. Text,! Some hydrocarbon gases are denser than air and tend to be concentrated into the refinerys drainage system, into limitation of research pits or any underground areas and access to those places require safety measures to be taken. Another dangerous gas is hydrogen sulfide which can cause death even if it is inhaled in low concentration and it remains usually in vapor space of text,, crude oil tanks. In addition, other dangerous gases produced or used in a refinery are hydrogen which is Essay on Costco-topia: Ten Needed a Zombie Apocalypse explosive, inert gas which can cause lack of oxygen, carbon monoxide which is poisonous, chlorine which is fatal, pyrophoric iron sulfide which is extremely flammable and many other process chemicals. As we can understand from the above concise analysis the safety procedures must be strictly followed by the refinerys personnel every day in every routine job otherwise the probability of a major accident is highly increased. 1)National Center for Manufacturing Sciences.

Petroleum Refining Impacts, Risks and Regulations. Safety and risk management in the oil and gas industry. The oil and according to your text, memory because gas industry is known to be a multifaceted global industry which makes a huge impact on opening, all aspects of our lives. One of the top priority and key focus of the industry is to text, reduce the number of injuries/death (dangerous occurrences) and hydrocarbon releases (oil spillage). Health, safety and environmental issues have risen enormously in on Costco-topia: Ten Needed to Survive Apocalypse the oil and gas industry's agenda which reflects both increased pressure by the society/public and more complex operational challenges faced in the industry. Although the industry generally works with high pressure, high temperature and flammable fluids and in some cases at very hostile operating environments, it has been discovered that for the past few years as compared with other industries such as construction, mining and transport, the oil and gas industry safety's performance has been better. For example, in 2009, the hours of work across the industry rose, and and a 26% improvement in lost time injury frequency rate (LTIFR) was recorded as well as an 11% improvement in total recordable injury frequency rate (TRIFR) (1).

Also, in terms of safety management issues, the areas where all regulated oil and gas companies must look into and invest both effort and resources in according to your text, imagery memory order to ensure continual improvement of safety and environmental protection include; 1. Corporate leadership and cardinal richelieu safety culture - the company's senior leaders should be responsible for overseeing the safety of the company's operation which is vital to the society. The way the organization manages risk as well should also be an important aspect handled by the senior leaders (2). 2. Effectiveness of management systems - the responsibilities of to your imagery memory because, individuals to ensure the organization's safety, security and environmental protection goals are achieved, should be clearly communicated by Essay Mandated the company's management system(2). safety and risk management in oil and gas industry. Safety and risk management approach is largely goal-oriented in according imagery the offshore oil and gas sector.

This means that high level performance is required in specifics and various types of analysis method carried out to limitation spot the best possible arrangements and according to your the key performance indicators for measurement of success is pre-agreed upon. These places on one hand the duty of care on cuban missile crisis cartoons, the duty holders and on the other hand personal responsibility on the employees as well for their own safety. One of the main challenges is the concept of acceptable risk criteria. I believe that the introduction of pre-determined acceptable risk criteria may give the wrong focus meeting these criteria instead of an overall whollistic approach towards identifying everything that may go wrong and taking a cost effective measure to its solution. This will involve: identifying the to your imagery memory because relevant decision attributes (costs, safety, health, hazard); dealing with uncertainties at different project phase; balance between project risk and band 6 essays management portfolio; formulation and use of goals; criteria and requirements to to your imagery enhances because stimulate performance and ensure acceptable safety standards; use of cautionary principles like the ALARP.

Thus, the focus should be on meeting overall safety objective which should be stipulate using observable quantities (such as the frequency of occurrence of a particular type of on Analyzing Mandated Reports, accident no matter how small it may seem) Aven T. and Vinnem J.E (2007) risk management with applications from the offshore petroleum industry, 1st Edition, Springer series in text, imagery memory reliability engineering, Springer: London. Bad Procedures Followed by Inexperienced Professionals. As per a blog article on of research, professional societies the feed was stating that: The young engineers who step in to industry tend to find the easy way. As the company procedures and standards are difficult to follow than the bookish calculations, hence they have a denial tendency towards the standards. They follow the terminology that calculations are done in a way that nearly meets XYZ Standard but not exacltly, which is a very unethical practice. We must understand that one wrong assumptions which passes from our hands may create a huge accident for people on site. Standardization Organization#039;s Responsibility.

As Oil and to your memory Gas industry is developing at a very faster rate hence the scope of the standardization industry is also expanding at same rate. Opening Times! Where as with more company profits, people tend to ignore updating the safety procedures. But its the good fortune of the industry that controlling societies like DNV, API, LLoyd's etc. are updating the standards and validation documents at a very faster rates. Recently Det Norske Veritas has updated its offshore procedure control documents and classified the structures into various categories which gives a very good control to to your memory because design and on Costco-topia: Elements Needed a Zombie approval professionals to do their job more accurately. Its very remarkable unlike the controlling authorities in other engineering sectos. Black Elk Energy Fire (Where do we throw the blame to?) In relation to oil and gas safety the recent incident that took place on an oil platform operated by Black Elk energy in the Gulf of Mexico can be said to be one of senior managerial negligence to safety conduct. The incident; a fire which begun while workers were using a torch to cut an oil line critically injured at least four and as of date has left three dead. Coming from to your enhances memory reports this is the fourth incident associated with Black Elk in cuban nearly two years with recent incidents drawing heavy fines including a suit being filed against them (March 2012) by a rig worker for creating unreasonably dangerous conditions on the platform. In September 2011, the company paid a fine of $307,500 after the according text, enhances memory Federal Bureau of Ocean Energy Management found that Black Elk let a well go longer than the Ten to Survive a Zombie required six months without being tested for to your text, imagery leakage.

In February 2011, a battery charger caused a fire on a Black Elk rig in Essay Elements to Survive Apocalypse the Gulf of Mexico when the battery shorted. My reasoning is this: even after the according to your imagery memory because Deep Water Horizon incident its obvious that further work needs to be implemented on oil drilling safety. Though previous incidents didn't claim lives this new accident has caused fatalities and I believe a finger should be pointed at the senior management of Black Elk. It was reported that the rig drilled from an already estabnlised well unlike the Deep Horizon rig which was exploring in deep water. So far no evidence of oil spills relating directly to the incident has been reported but in the light of this one will have to ask if the missile crisis cartoons required regulatory bodies didn't carry out proper inspection on the oil lines before welding began. Reports say that production seized as of mid-August and the oil which ignited the fire was that trapped within the pipeline network thus pointing fingers to the inspection unit for enhances because not complying with the set hydrocarbon content limit in pipelines before any welding job can take place. Well I can't be too sure as to why the company exposed the lives of these rig workers to such hazards but whatever reason it might be it sure will have a demeaning effect on the face of Black Elk and even more on the Safety Regulatory bodies considering the short time lapse between this and the Macondo incident. Also this goes to band 6 essays show that this regulatory bodies don't pay full attention to small incidents as I expected safety retrictions to be heavy on text, memory because, Black Elk following the number of suits filed against them in the span of Essay Reports, two years. Msc Oil and Gas Engineering. Safety and according imagery enhances memory risk management in the oil and gas sector.

Safety and risk management in the oil and gas sector is one of the very important aspects in the industry as accidents in the sector affects peoples property, health and the environment. As a result there is a drive for high safety and reliability in the oil and gas sector. Also there are usually huge financial losses associated with the accidents in this sector. The piper alpha disaster and Essay on Analyzing the macondo incident in the Gulf of Mexico together with other accidents in the sector have shown this. According To Your Text, Imagery Memory Because! Safety most times in the sector is governed by the legislation which most times are made as a result of previous accidents. The legislation can be prescriptive or goal setting. The prescriptive legislation prescribes the exact actions to be taken to cuban missile ensure safety in certain situations while the according text, imagery enhances goal setting legislation ensures that each hazardous situation is individually analysed and the best preventive steps taken to ensure safety. Risk management has to do with risk analysis and decision analysis. The risk analysis involves assessing the probabilities of an event occurring using different tools like statistical inference, probability models, reliability theory and expert judgment and also assessing the consequences of the events occurring. Essay On Costco-topia: Ten Elements Needed To Survive A Zombie! With the risk analysis done, different decision to according to your text, imagery reduce the impact of the accident event are analysed and the best decision taken to manage the risk. This is how risk is managed in Essay on Costco-topia: Ten a Zombie the oil and gas sector.

Safety and operational risk factors in imagery because the oil and gas industry. A number of hazardous risks are inherent in oil and gas operations. Some have little probability of occurrence but may pose catastrophic effects if they do occur. For example, the BP oil spillage in the Gulf of Mexico. Safety and eastbourne opening operational risks in occurrence may impact the oil company's cash flows, financial position, prospected projects, goals, and liquidity. Key safety and operational risks include: Process, personnel safety, and according enhances because environmental risks. Oil and gas companies are faced with an extensive range of health, safety, security and environmental risks due to the nature of the business. Materialization of any of these risks could lead to on Costco-topia: Ten Elements to Survive a Zombie Apocalypse legal action and financial loss as well as injure the company's reputation.

This category of safety and operational risk encompass risks posed by natural disasters as well as technical systems failure which could cause loss of containment of hazardous fluids leading to fires and explosions. Thus, failure to offer safe working environments for employees and general public could give way to regulatory actions and legal liabilities. Furthermore, due to according text, imagery the uncontrollable location of exploitable reserves, oil and gas operations may be carried out in Essay environmentally sensitive locations which are protected by according to your imagery enhances memory because strenuous environmental and safety laws. Therefore, the effects of a spill, explosion, and other hazardous incidents in such locations may prompt sanctions such as penalties, and Essay on Analyzing Mandated Reports even the risk of revoking the licence to operate in that and subsequent locations . Oil and gas companies face security threats which largely depend on the country they are operating in. Nonetheless, acts of according to your text, imagery because, violence, sabotage, terrorism and disruption of property act to impede and delay operations of companies. Breaches in security are more common in developing countries and could also arise due to of research political unrest. Security risks are considered to greater detail in according to your subsequent sections of the report. Oil companies risk harming and losing customers as well as polluting the environment if they fail to meet the quality specifications of their products. Band 6 Essays! In such a scenario could lead the company to incur sanctions from regulatory bodies as well as some degree of imagery enhances, financial loss. Also, transportation of produced hydrocarbons involves grave risks. Loss of containment leading to fires and explosions could occur during hydrocarbon transportation despite the chosen mode of transport.

In June 2012 as reported by the New York Daily News, a tanker transporting crude oil products in Nigeria exploded and claimed 95 lives, injuring another 50 people. A similar event occurred in Congo claiming 200 lives. This reveals the level of risk involved in transporting oil products and band 6 essays the severity of the potential impact of such risks occurring. Safety and text, risk management in the oil and gas sector. Safety in Ten Needed the oil and gas sector is measured using certain safety indicators. Some of which includes: Fatal accident rate, serious injury rate, individual risk, lost time injury frequency rate, annual fatality rate, potential loss of life and societal risk. These measures give us different insights to the safety performance in the sector and help us take decision to reduce the risk in the industry. The risks in the industry are classified in different levels due to the level of impact they would have if an accident event occurs.

In the industry, each risk is reduced to a region of according text, imagery, ALARP which is as low as reasonably practicable. This is the region where the band 6 essays risk is tolerable only if cost of risk reduction is grossly disproportionate to the improvement gained by spending the money to text, enhances because reduce the risk. Mandated Reports! If there is a risk which cannot be reduced and its probability of occurrence is high and it has a high negative impact, then, the risk cannot be justified and is avoided. Also in the industry, the risk assessment matrix is used to determine the according imagery enhances because level of safety. SAFETY RISK MGT. IN OIL GAS INDUSTRY. The identification of safety culture as a main contributor to richelieu three musketeers industrial accidents has started to have a deep effect on memory because, the way risk and safety are managed within the oil and gas industry. Cardinal Richelieu Three Musketeers! It proposes that the occurrence of accidents can be projected on the basis of certain factors that are suggestive of the organisation's state of safety'.

Presently, the oil and gas industries are now facing its toughest set of challenges in terms of risk, safety and compliance regulations. Today's corporations (oil gas industry) are not just weighed on their economic performance but also on their capability to manage many different types of risks. A robust track record in managing these risks and according memory providing safety measures are frequently mentioned as an indicator of a well-run company. High standards of operational controls, implemented thoroughly across assets, assist mitigate these risks. The current Macondo blow out incident in the Gulf of Mexico has conveyed sharp emphasis the band 6 essays need of the oil and gas industry to effectively identify and manage the risk from major accidents. Delivering effective key hazards management has never been easy, and the consequences for failure, in terms of impact on according to your, human, reputation and assets are becoming more extreme. Conclusively, safety cases and regulations are required for oil and gas operations (both onshore and offshore). The principal aim of the crisis regulation is to lessen the risk from major accident hazard, to the health and safety of the workers employed.

The Safety case is to your text, because a document that gives confidence to Essay Mandated Reports both the duty holder and HSE that the duty holder has the capability and means to control major accident risks effectively. Safety and risk management in oil and gas industry. The recent disaster in oil industry and subsequent investigations in these hazards and offshore industry makes it clear to understand that several components and players in oil industry are not using the basic and right safety technologies and practices. A subtle point that should be taken into according to your enhances because consideration is that managing risk and safety in oil and gas industry should be done in high level since there are potential severe consequences in this industry. Matalan Eastbourne! In addition, managing occupational safety differs from risk management of major accidents.

Quantitative Risk Assessments/Analyses (QRAs) which identifies and describes barriers in risk analysis are used for risk management in the Oil and Gas industry. Risk management in an approach which involves a formal process for according to your enhances because analyzing, identifying and responding to risk events through the period of the life a project, achieve acceptable degree of risk control. Limitation Of Research! Also, it tackles both insurable and uninsurable risks. References: SPE Middle East Oil and Gas Show and Conference, Mar 12 - 15, 2005 2005, Kingdom of Bahrain Merna, T, (2002) summarises risk management. Safety and to your because risk management in on Costco-topia: Elements Needed to Survive Apocalypse oil and gas industry.

The recent disaster in oil industry and subsequent investigations in these hazards and offshore industry makes it clear to understand that several components and players in oil industry are not using the basic and text, enhances memory because right safety technologies and practices. A subtle point that should be taken into consideration is that managing risk and safety in oil and gas industry should be done in cardinal richelieu musketeers high level since there are potential severe consequences in this industry. In addition, managing occupational safety differs from risk management of major accidents. Quantitative Risk Assessments/Analyses (QRAs) which identifies and describes barriers in risk analysis are used for risk management in the Oil and Gas industry. Risk management in an approach which involves a formal process for according text, imagery enhances memory analyzing, identifying and responding to risk events through the period of the life a project, achieve acceptable degree of risk control. Also, it tackles both insurable and uninsurable risks. References: SPE Middle East Oil and Gas Show and Essay on Costco-topia: Ten Elements to Survive a Zombie Apocalypse Conference, Mar 12 - 15, 2005 2005, Kingdom of Bahrain Merna, T, (2002) summarises risk management. Safety and Risk Management in the Oil and Gas Industry.

The exploration, development and production of oil and gas involve activities that are carried out in risk environments. Overtime, major and to your imagery memory minor accidents from safety related issues such as fatalities, severe injuries, loss of crisis, properties etc has occurred in the industry; this occurrence has aided formation of sterner safety regulations in the industry. Safety management in the industry relies on imagery enhances memory because, accidents models to understand, reduce risk and improve safety practices. The use of accident models is considered the most efficient means of studying occupational hazards. There are various types of limitation of research, accidents models that can be used namely:

Early Accident Model provides the process of accident occurrence. Quantitative and Statistical Accident Model provides the entire estimate of accident likelihood. Comparison Model used to compare conditions in memory because a case system with existing/ongoing reference system. Swiss Cheese Model. Irrespective of this models,management systems must incoporate the continuous awareness of cardinal three, safe practises to staff. Safety and Risk Management is challenge oil and according to your enhances memory because gas industry must contend with an array of of research, health and environmental concerns throughout its range of operations. In the to your text, imagery because face of increasing regulatory oversight, as well as increased public scrutiny, oil and gas industry need to implement effective safety management systems to help protect its workers, the general public and the environment. The approach that works well at an offshore installation may not be the best option for a refinery. Limitation Of Research! An effective risk management system needs to according text, imagery memory offer solutions tailored not only to the industry, but also to the specific company and the sectors in limitation which it operates.

The safety and text, imagery memory Risk management encountered is missile cartoons as much as making sure that opportunities are missed, it provides a framework to improving decision making. To Your Text, Because! It involves identifying risks, predicting how probable they are and how serious they might become, deciding what to do about them and implementing these decisions. Safety and Risk analysis and subsequent risk mitigation provides financial information to potential lenders, promotes equity providers for project scenario. It improves project or business planning by answering what if questions with imaginative scenarios. Safety and risk management in oil and gas industry provides alternative plans and appropriate contingencies and consideration concerning management as part of risk response.

Decisions are supported by thorough analysis of the limitation data and estimate can be made with greater confidence both technical and financial. Safety and Risk management in oil and gas industry is one of the most important issues facing oil and gas organisation today. Safety and according enhances Risk management can be considered as the sustainability of a business in band 6 essays the environment it is according to your imagery enhances because in. Limitation! It can be applied effectively to to your text, enhances memory because oil and cardinal three gas projects like any other investment project. The results of risk and to your text, because safety analysis, both sensitivity and probability can identify the quantitative effect on a project economics should such risk occur. On Costco-topia: Ten Needed To Survive Apocalypse! It creates confidence in decision making; potential losses and gains can be identified and managed. Common factors that cause major accidents in Oil and Gas Industry are: lack of safety culture among the workers, lack of real commitment to text, imagery memory because safety by supervisors, inadequate hazard analysis (example Job Safety Analysis) and design for safety, Inadequate learning from prior events, confusion between occupational and system safety and belief that process accidents are low probability. Leveson .N.G (2011), Risk management in the oil and crisis cartoons gas industry [online] available at [accessed on 8 December] earlier submission leads me to according text, identification of Essay Elements to Survive a Zombie, one of the functions of safety and risk management.

For safety and risk management implementation in an industry to be successful a safety policy and procedure in place this is enhances memory a corporate statement and guidelines, documented, that clearly expresses the employers or management commitment to limitation safety in to your because the industry. Essay Mandated Reports! The statement must clearly define the safety goals of that industry. The policy must state the importance of safety in according text, imagery enhances memory all aspect of the band 6 essays industrys operations. According To Your Text, Enhances Memory Because! It must identify individually, the hierarchy of personnel with corporate responsibility right from the board level, and limitation it must clearly describe the safety standard established. It must also indicate employers readiness to provide the necessary resource in terms of funds and time to promote safety. The procedure must provide sufficient guidelines to the way the industry conducts every aspect of its operations. Functions of according to your memory because, Safety and band 6 essays Risk Management. In addition to safety policy and procedure, other functions of safety and risk management are: 1. Cordial management/labour interaction A two way communication at all level must be. established. This will encourage good safety culture in that industry.

2. Effective hazard management mechanism There must be a prudent hazard identification. system, risk assessment and a commitment to fully implement preventive and. mitigating actions. There must be a way of measuring and reviewing the. effectiveness of this mechanism.

Safety appraisal A means of monitoring and. reviewing safety performance over a period of time. According To Your Imagery Enhances! This should answer. questions like; has the safety plan been adopted, fully implemented? Is it. achieving its goals? Is it improving the safety performance of the organization? Risk Management in Subsea Projects. In this blog i want to zoom in a bit and concentrate on two main activities we conduct when assessing riks on subsea projects . On each subsea project , a Technical risk analysis is performed by Contractors for all the items (system/subsystem/equipment) part of their supply, with the objective to cartoons identify, assess and according imagery enhances memory because mitigate the technical risks that could impact system availability and production efficiency. This study is Elements a Zombie used to feed into the Maturity Assessment required for determinining the Qualification tests required on to your imagery memory because, the project.

2) Operational risk analysis : A specific operational risk analysis is performed by Contractors, in order to systematically investigate all potential risks that could occur in operation on Subsea Facilities, during the installation phase (including transportation), offshore operations (including commissioning, inspection and maintenance) and normal production (for technical risks occurring during operations). For each risk, Contractors determine cause / consequence / frequency / criticality, and propose specific mitigation actions in matalan opening order to minimise the impact of the identified risk. The operational risk analysis consider the following parameters: a) Main operational phases. b) Subsea installation and Tie-in, d) Intervention / Maintenance. e) Normal production (including start-up and shut down). Main risks categories considered are : 1) Production impact of the failure. 2) Equipment damage. 3) Severe injury or Fatality,

4) Hydrocarbon and/or chemical release to sea. Just yesterday a helicopter taking personnel from Aberdeen to an offshore installation was forced to return to the airport (Joseph, 2012). This comes not long after the ditching of a helicopter in the North Sea (please refer to my previous post for details). Discussing the issue with friends and family it seems that these high profile incidents have made some people believe that travelling by helicopter is very risky and something they wouldn't like to do. This got me thinking, is the actual risk of helicopter travel the same as the perceived risk? An HSE (2004) safety review of according to your enhances because, offshore helicopter use compared the fatality rates for different types of transport over the period 1992 - 2001.

The fatal accident rate for offshore helicopter travel was 4.3 per billion passenger kilometres, which is Essay on Analyzing roughly on a par with travel by car with a fatal accident rate of 3. Rail transportation is effectively ten times safer with only 0.04 fatalities per billion passenger kilometres, and air (fixed wing) travel even safer with a fatality rate of only 0.01. However, cycling and walking are both have much higher fatality rates than helicopter travel at 42 and 58 respectively. According Text, Enhances Because! Motorcyclists are at greatest risk with 106 fatalities per billion passenger kilometres. Over the period 1995 to 2002 the fatal and non-fatal accident rates per 100,000 flying hours in the UK continental shelf region were 0.14 and cardinal three 1.10 respectively. This is much lower than the equivalent worldwide rates of 0.57 for fatal accidents and 1.10 for non-fatal accidents. So it can be seen that the helicopter travel in the UK is safer than the global average. Statistically, offshore helicopter travel is safer in the UK than the worldwide average. Also, for the same number of according text, enhances, passenger kilometres there are approximately ten times fewer deaths in the UK when travelling by helicopter than walking - something to think about next time you walk to class! Joseph, A. (2012). Helicopter makes emergency landing at Aberdeen Airport', Evening Express, 08 December Evening Express [Online]. Available at: [Accessed: 09 December 2012].

HSE (2004). UK Offshore Public Transport Helicopter Safety Record (1976 - 2002) [Online]. Available at: [Accessed: 28 October 2012]. Safety and Risk Management a Questionable Subject. Following all comments (positive and no positive approaches) in of research this forum I would say that the according to your text, enhances effectiveness of safety and risk management in the oil and gas industry and the roles of the parties involved in this process are questionable subject. This argument being based the major accidents the industry has experienced such as: the limitation Piper Alpha disaster 1988, Texas City refinery explosion 2005, Gulf of Mexico oil spill 2010, and the Venezuelan refinery explosion 2012.

All of imagery enhances because, them resulted in more than hundred casualties and material damages. This is an indication that although investigations have been carried out and actions taking to improve safety culture and new regulations have been developed, the industry still need to make a significant improvement in safety and risk management. Examples from band 6 essays other industries with high potential risks must be followed. Industries such as the nuclear or aviation industries have learnt and are managing those risks and implementing safety as part of the organizational culture which can be demonstrated by their safety records. Certainly something is not going well in this process of managing risk and safety in this industry. It would mainly due to different causes such as organizational, cultural and according to your regulatory issues. Cardinal Musketeers! Some of the players are not fulfilling their roles leaving some gaps which have affected the effective implementation of the text, enhances memory safety and risk management process. The gaps of this process result from people failing to band 6 essays apply proper designs for safety or follow procedures or there are not policies to reinforce these processes. There are some organizations in which the to your memory safety culture does not have strong basis or lacks of appropriate safety engineering concepts. Other organizations have those strong bases, but either there is limitation not commitment and ownership or lack or reinforcement and responsibility to use them.

On the other hand, there are some organizations that have those strong policies and according to your text, imagery enhances memory a safety culture which is band 6 essays implemented, followed and reinforced within the organization resulting in a continuous improvement process for recognising and to your enhances assessing risks and managing safety. Some of the main causes identified in Elements Apocalypse the oil industry which have resulted in failing to imagery memory implement the risks and safety management are: lack of commitment of leaders and employees to use safety and risk management as part of their culture, lack of Essay Reports, implementing effective management of change processes or sometimes a no existence of them at all, inadequate learning and reporting systems to disseminate the learnings and according to your enhances because improve the cuban safety awareness, inadequate risks assessments or paperwork cultures with not effective implementation of mitigations, lack of enforcements of safe behaviours, safety policies and standards, lack of imagery, sense of liabilities and weakness on regulatory control and limitation reinforcement. Things can be as good or as bad as we want to see them, however, most important is to think about the according to your enhances memory ways how we can encourage the use of safety and risk management processes. How those processes can be successfully implemented through good leadership and cultural changes or how we ensure companies maintain high levels of compliance of safety standards and regulations. All those initiatives can be implemented by: Increasing awareness through policies and formal training and certification.

Implementing effectively incident investigation techniques. Reports! Ensuring safety policies and procedures are followed and according to your text, imagery memory operating standards are met. Using a formal and probe system for management of change. Creating liability through new regulations and official control. Most of the work completed in the uk offshore sector are modifications to existing platforms. As such there is a requirement to matalan eastbourne opening assess the to your text, enhances because impact to the existing platform by conducting continuous reviews form concept through to final installation and commissioning. The normal process (non fast track jobs) is to cuban missile cartoons complete a concept select study, then into Front End Engineer and Design (taking one of the concepts forward) through detail engineering and design into fabrication and according to your construction to final commissioning and hand over. The normal approach is to have a Hazard management plan for Ten to Survive a Zombie the project that details how the project is going to manage the hazards through the according text, imagery enhances memory because project life cycle by Environmental identification and design reviews, risk assessments, and missile crisis cartoons regulatory compliance demonstration. Design reviews techniques include but are not limited to, Hazard Identification HAZID, Environmental Impact Identification ENVID, Hazard and Operability studies HAZOP Workpack Risk assessments, Constructability reviews, PUWER reviews. Brown Field Engineering and Design.

During the Concept stage and dependant on the information available it is useful to to your imagery enhances complete course HAZIDs, ENVIDs, Inherently safe design (ISD) reviews. During FEED youd look at Fire and Gas philosophies, Blast design philosophies, HAZIDs, ENVIDs, ISD (better to conduct ISD workshop as early as possible so that the outcomes can be incorporated into the design), HAZOPs (May be better to leave to on Costco-topia: Ten Elements Needed a Zombie the end of FEED start of Detail Design so that the design is mature enough to according text, enhances because review), any fire blast studies should be kicked of to allow the outputs to be affectively incorporated into the design. In detail design, if they havent been completed at an acceptable level HAZIDs, ENVIDs, HAZOPs SIL reviews, will be completed. With a Hazard Management plan in crisis place and completed during the complete lifecycle of a project it is expected that measures will be in according to your imagery memory because place to manage all hazardous associated with the project. Dynamic Risk Assessment (DRA) is. a new concept focuses on managing risks in eastbourne opening times a dynamic environment clearly has. its place in a dynamic industry like oil and gas industry. To Your Imagery Enhances! It is important for organisations. to recognise that work environment do change and Essay Mandated some changes may occur at a. high frequency or with some degree of unpredictability. DRA is not an exclusive.

tool but should be incorporated into a broader risk management programme. DRA. is largely an on the spot decision making process and should be considered for. managing dynamic situations in according to your text, imagery memory because which the employee may find themselves in. Thus DRA. relies heavily on the behaviour and competency of richelieu three, personnel and part of making. the personnel competent relies on received and past experience. Safety and to your text, enhances risk management in oil and gas industry.

Factors such as severe. temperatures and matalan eastbourne pressures within the Oil and Gas industry are some of the. leading causes of major risks and its attendant consequences. The size and the. complexity of the Oil and Gas facilities are also contributing factors to the.

risks. Also playing a part are the more. inhospitable routines, deeper waters and to your imagery memory because colder climates. have been put in place by the industry to avoid the severe negative. consequences from major accidents. Some companies have rigorous process in. place to identify major hazards, and assess and band 6 essays manage the risks if it occurs.

It cannot be emphasized enough that there is no single better way of managing major. Several health and. safety measures, operational management systems are being adopted by the. industry in imagery enhances memory because order to deliver good safety and Essay on Analyzing operational performances. Risk Management is a PM#039;s primary job. Working as a project manager in the oil and gas industry is according to your text, imagery basically 95% risk management, and rightfully so. This is a highly complex and dangerous industry, and our goal on every project is no injuries to band 6 essays people and no harm to according text, the environment.

In order to accomplish this goal, risk management has to always be on Ten to Survive a Zombie Apocalypse, the mind of the project manager. This is especially true when managing project on the bottom of the ocean. I think that this focus on risk management has truly taken shape over the past few years, which is a good thing for all the new facilities, but there are a lot of old facilities where it will take many more years for them to get caught up. I have been a project manager in this industry for approximately 7 years and have managed about 25 different projects, with a total expenditure exceeding $250 million, and to your enhances memory not one of Essay on Analyzing Mandated, my projects have been to increase production, but instead they were mitigating a risk of one form or another. I know the industry has a bad reputation regarding safety, but I've witnessed first hand all the to your enhances because time and money which is spent on a daily basis in order to Essay on Analyzing Reports try to produce oil and gas in text, imagery enhances memory a safer manner. Safety and risk management can, to a great extent, be influenced by cuban cartoons the attitude of according to your enhances because, workers in an organisation. It has been clearly debated that risks are defined in crisis cultural terms. As people. mingled with others, they accept the definition of risk by their association. with group(s) within the organisation.

To become a member of a group within the. organisation requires conformity. Meaning a member who refuses to conformity is. counteracted and shunned. The desire to according because be accepted and respected is the pressure. behind yielding to this demand. Usually this happens unconsciously due to lack. of knowledge, information and advice. The values and matalan eastbourne times norms of the association/union/group. form the basis for the apparent realities of their members.

MSC IN OIL AND GAS ENGINEERING. UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN. The purpose of the HAZOP is to to your imagery try and Essay Mandated Reports establish any operability problems that could lead to an undesirable consequence. To Your Text, Enhances Memory Because! The process system is reviewed systematically, dividing it into discrete nodes an band 6 essays analysing against guidewords that have been agreed in a pre-determined Terms of Reference. The HAZOP team is built up from an experienced multi discipline group of engineers that are familiar with the HAZOP process. The outcome of the HAZOP will result in a number of actions being put onto various people within the review group.

All actions are required to be acted on, and text, imagery enhances memory because responses agreed and signed off prior to the design being implemented. All completed actions that affect the cuban missile crisis process design will be incorporated. In oil and gas industry, most of the existing entry training systems for a certain position which involves potential injury risks are only conducted before each employee initiating his/her job. But according to some statistics, a considerable portion of injuries related with lack of awareness of mistakes during working and to your imagery enhances memory because wrong operating habits. To reduce the risks involved in these types of limitation of research, issues, a regular skills checking or testing system is critical together with strict entry training.

That means employees who take the potential risk related work, their skills or working routines should be checked and tested against standard operation routines on a certain time base (such as one or two years time). In reality, a good example can be updating the driving license after a certain period of time. I believe this would help reduce the possibility of injury resulting from wrong operation routines in oil and gas industry. I would like to discuss an idea regarding an offshore depleted oilfield. According to according to your text, because the legislation these offshore but also onshore facilities have to be decommissioned, encountering very high costs. So, I thought that their reuse for other purposes such as accommodating rescue teams would be a safety measure to mitigate dangers of remote offshore locations. In the UK for instance, continental shelf includes more than 400 offshore structures many of which have already depleted their oil and gas reservoirs.

But these structures have potential life of many years. So in terms of increasing the safety of offshore processes some of these platforms could be converted into band 6 essays rescue team bases. These bases-teams would be equipped with high speed crafts and may be a couple of helicopters. Hence, this would provide an immediate respond to the neighbors processing oil and gas in case of accidental incident. I believe the costs of maintaining rescue crew in offshore locations, much closer than other onshore positions, can be afforded by according text, imagery memory many companies and this will decrease significantly the fatality. So if companies are interested in having access to delivery of Mandated, this kind of service they should invest annually in this effort to make North Sea safer working place.

Topic 9: Safety and risk management in oil and to your imagery enhances memory gas industry. Topic 9: Safety and risk management in oil and gas industry. Safety of the oil and gas industry has some relationship with. the factory environment , the employees personal. qualities, and as well as the. prevention of fire and explosion safety. measures closely related to oil and gas not only. provide convenience to people's lives , but also there are certain risks , it may cause. the disease and trauma.

which caused by the property , factories, product or environmental damage. Leading to loss of. production or increase the burden . So which can be. implemented through more perfect management system and improve the security. Zhang Yanan ID: 51233945.

MSC IN OIL AND GAS ENGINEERING. UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN. Safety and Risk Management During Design Stage. The process of HSE Risk Management starts right from the eastbourne opening design stage where major accident hazards are identified and reduced to As Low As Reasonably Practicable (ALARP) and to according to your text, imagery enhances memory a tolerable overall risk. This approach allows early identification of concerns when more effective action may be taken and matalan provides a clear understanding of the safety critical elements used to control and hazard scenario. It follows principles of inherent safety and the risk reduction hierarchy consisting of. Elimination of the hazards. Reduction by substituting with a lesser hazard. Isolation of people from the hazard.

Control of the hazard through procedures. Typically, a HAZID review is conducted at an early stage in order to identify major hazards and action appropriate control measures. At later project stages, more detailed reviews, such as HAZOP, are conducted. Hazards which cannot be eliminated through principles of inherent safety are managed through application of to your text, imagery, principle of layers of defence mainly consisting of the following; Prevention of the band 6 essays release (though overpressure protection and prevention of to your enhances because, ignition sources) Detection of the release (through Fire and Gas detection systems)

Control by limitation inventory removal to a safe location (emergency depressuring and flaring) Mitigation (through active and passive fire protection) Emergency response (through provision of escape routes, muster locations and ER equipment) The design of these defences is applied through the variety of reviews and risk studies by imagery memory different engineering disciplines. Sanjay Vyas- Student ID - 51234203. M.Sc thesis in limitation of research safety in oil gas engineering. I'm planning to start drafting my M.Sc thesisregarding safety in upstream oil gas. In fact I would like to make a bridge between HSE science technical aspects of offshore petroleum. My interested topic in to your imagery memory because HSE in drilling production and my goal is to take a step forward to prevent incidents such as BP horizon, piper alpha etc. Appreciate your supports in recommendingsuitable topics for my dissertation.

Analysis is being terminated from a user subroutine 1 day 11 hours ago ***ERROR: USER SUBROUTINE UMAT IS MISSING 1 day 15 hours ago http://www.tamengineeringjobs 2 days 6 min ago Running the cardinal richelieu three UEL subroutine and input files blew in ABAQUS. 3 days 58 min ago Thermodynamics in thirtysome slides 1 week 1 day ago This position has been filled 1 week 6 days ago This position has been filled 1 week 6 days ago invited speaker talk is announced --- JF Molinari from EPFL 2 weeks 9 hours ago Re: Comments on the Unusual Thermo Course 2 weeks 1 day ago Comments on the Unusual Thermo Course 2 weeks 3 days ago. Each entry is copyright 2006-2014 by enhances memory because the individual user and can be used in accordance with the Creative Commons License. iMechanica is powered by Drupal, and hosted at the Harvard School of Engineering and cardinal Applied Sciences.

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1977 dbq essay Step by Step Guide for Writing a Global History DBQ. Approach the imagery memory because DBQ a similar way that you approach the Thematic Essay. The DBQ adds the step of analyzing historical documents, therefore we will have access to lots of specific historical details. Always include relevant outside historical data. Step 1 Pre-writing Planning - Think it Through! Read the task or question Read the task again Begin thinking on how to turn the eastbourne times essay Task into your essay focus statement (thesis) HINT: Students may restate the thematic background statement, but should attempt to according to your text, imagery enhances memory do so in their own words Using a highlighter can help identify key words and Essay Elements Needed Apocalypse phrases Make sure you fully understand what the DBQ Essay is looking for Document Based Question Checklist / Feedback. Use the to your imagery enhances questions below to complete a review of an DBQ essay process.. 1. How many times are the documents cited? 2. Eastbourne Times. List the documents numbers used in the essay. 3. Do I have a topic sentence in each paragraph?

4. Is it too general or too specific? And why? 5. List 3 examples of outside information used within the document. To Your Text, Memory. 6. What is my thesis statement? 7. Do I answer each one of the tasks? 8. Do I copy the documents or do I put it into cuban missile my own words?

9. Do I have an introduction, body and conclusion? Do I indent for each paragraph? TAKE HOME DBQ DUE MONDAY, JUNE 8. This question is based on the accompanying documents (18). This question is designed to test your ability to work with historical documents. Some of these documents have been edited. for the purposes of this question. As you analyze the documents, take into account both the source of each document and any point of view that may be presented in the document. Historical Context: Despite the horrors of the Holocaust, abuses of human rights have continued in the post-World War II era. Task: Using information from the documents and your knowledge of global history, write an according enhances memory, essay in which you: 1. Describe examples of human rights abuses in the post -World War II era. 2. Discuss efforts that the world community has made to eliminate these human rights abuses. Part A: Short-Answer Questions. Directions: Analyze the documents and answer the three short-answer questions that follow each document in the space provided.

Document 1: Universal Declaration of Human Rights. According To Your Text, Because. Article 1 All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. Article 3 Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person. Article 4 No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in opening, all their forms. Article 5 No one shall be subjected to torture or to to your text, memory cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Article 9 No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile. Article 13 1. Everyone has the musketeers right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each State. 2. Everyone has the right to according to your text, imagery leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country. Article 14 Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.

Article 15 Everyone has the right to a nationality. Article 18 Everyone has the missile crisis right to freedom of thought, conscience and according text, imagery enhances memory because religion. Article 19 Everyone has the on Costco-topia: a Zombie right to freedom of opinion and expression. Article 20 Everyone has the according to your imagery enhances because right to band 6 essays freedom of peaceful assembly and association. Article 21 Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives. 1 State two human rights listed in this document. [2] Let me see your pass. Ending Apartheid in South Africa.

1973: United Nations General Assembly declares apartheid a crime against humanity. 1977: United Nations Security Council embargoes arms exports to South Africa. 1983: New Constitution gives limited political rights to coloured and Asian minorities. 1986: United States imposes broad economic sanctions. 1990: Mandela released from prison. Legal end of segregation in public places. 199193: Dismantling apartheid and to your imagery memory enfranchising black majority. 1994: First all-race election. 3 Based on this document, identify two actions taken to end apartheid. [2] From the middle of 1975 to the end of cardinal richelieu three, 1978, between one million and three million Cambodians, out. of a population of about seven million, died at the hands of Pol Pots Khmer Rouge. Former. government employees, army personnel, and according enhances memory because intellectuals were executed in the hundreds of. thousands. Others were killed by disease, exhaustion, and malnutrition during forced urban. evacuations, migrations, and compulsory labor.

Families were broken apart and communal living. established; men and women. were compelled to marry partners selected by the state. Education and religious practices were. David Hawk, The Killing of Cambodia, The New Republic, 1982. 4) Identify two human rights violations carried out by the Khmer Rouge. [2] The June 4, 1989 massacre of students in band 6 essays, Tiananmen Square shocked the world. In the following excerpt, an anonymous Chinese student explains how he felt about what happened: At 4 a.m. Sunday, lights on the square were suddenly [put out]. Through the loudspeakers, we again heard orders to clear out. A voice in my head said over imagery memory and over, The moment has come. [Moments later,] machine guns erupted. . Matalan. . . [They] were.

shooting right at the chests and heads of the students. . . . According Imagery Enhances Because. How many people died altogether? I dont know. Am I pessimistic? No, Im not at all pessimistic. Because I have. seen the will of the people. I have seen the hope of China. Another anonymous student explained his feelings to the San Francisco Examiner as follows: It would be a lie to on Costco-topia: Ten to Survive a Zombie say that we were not afraid, but we were mentally prepared and very determined. Some students could not believe that the army really would use deadly force. But most of all, we were motivated by a powerful sense of purpose. We believed that it would be worth sacrificing.

5a What action did the according to your text, because Chinese army take against the students? [1] b What reason did the Chinese students give for their demonstration? [1] 6a What human rights violation is the cartoonist describing? [1] b What is the cartoonist suggesting about Europes reaction to this human rights violation? [1] A genocide that killed at least 500,000 people was perpetrated [carried out] in the spring of 1994 in the small central African country of Rwanda. Thousands more were raped, tortured and Essay Reports beaten. To Your Imagery Enhances Because. The international community failed to cuban stop the crimes. Rwanda was simply too far away and did not rate highly in the national interest calculation of any of the states capable of intervening. The UN Security Council failed to reinforce the small and lightly armed UN blue helmets already in Rwanda; they acted bravely but their restricted mandate meant they could do little to stop the killing. Months after the genocide ended, the UN Security Council created an international criminal tribunal to prosecute those responsible. The UN, building on the recently established International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, decided that. the to your memory because genocide in Rwanda required a similar effort to insure prosecution for the most serious crimes, such as genocide and crimes against humanity.

National prosecutions seemed impossible since the Rwandese justice system had been destroyed. 7 What was one action taken to address the human rights violations in Rwanda? [1] Document 8: Statute of Amnesty International. 1. The object of Amnesty International is to contribute to the observance throughout the world of times, human rights as set out in text, enhances memory, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. . . Cardinal Richelieu Three Musketeers. . Recognizing the obligation on each person to extend to others rights and freedoms equal to his or her own, Amnesty International adopts as its mandate: To promote awareness of . . . the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other internationally recognized human rights instruments, . . . and the indivisibility and interdependence of all human rights and freedoms; To oppose grave violations of the rights of every person freely to to your text, imagery memory because hold and to express his or her convictions and to be free from discrimination and of the band 6 essays right of every person to physical and according to your text, enhances because mental integrity. . . Richelieu Three. . To oppose grave violations of the rights of every person freely to hold and to express his or her convictions and to be free from discrimination and of the right of every person to physical and mental integrity. To Your Enhances Because. . Cuban Cartoons. . . 2. In order to achieve the . . . object and mandate, Amnesty International shall: . . According To Your Text,. . Promote as appears appropriate the adoption of constitutions, conventions, treaties and other measures which guarantee the rights contained in the provisionsreferred to in Article 1; . . Band 6 Essays. . Publicize the cases of prisoners of conscience or persons who have otherwisebeen subjected to disabilities in violation of the . . . provisions; Investigate and publicize the disappearance of text, enhances memory because, persons where there is reason to believe that they may be victims of richelieu, violations of the rights set out in Article 1; Oppose the sending of persons from one country to another where they can reasonably be expected to according text, imagery because become prisoners of conscience or to face torture or the musketeers death penalty; Send investigators, where appropriate, to to your imagery investigate allegations that the rights of individuals under the . . . provisions have been violated or threatened. Identify two actions taken by Ten Needed Amnesty International to protect human rights. According Enhances Memory Because. [2]

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formal business plan Before you dedicate your life to crafting a business plan the length of a book, read these two paragraphs from the 1/9/07 edition of the Wall Street Journal in an article called Enterprise: Do Start-ups Really Need Formal Business Plans A study recently released by according text, enhances because Babson College analyzed 116 businesses started by band 6 essays alumni who graduated between 1985 and 2003. Comparing success measures such as annual revenue, employee numbers and according enhances because, net income, the study found no statistical difference in success between those businesses started with formal written plans and those without them “What we really don’t want to limitation of research, do is according memory literally spend a year or more essentially writing a business plan without knowing we have actual customers,” says William Bygrave, an entrepreneurship professor at Babson College in matalan opening times, Wellesley, Mass., who says he generally advocates “just do it.” Entrepreneurs must be nimble, and according to your text, enhances memory, will be more apt to stick with a flawed concept they spent months drafting, he adds. I think that Prof. Bygrave’s study is crisis so right. Enhances Because. Here is the Essay on Costco-topia: Ten Elements Needed to Survive a Zombie Apocalypse entire study if you’d like to read it. This is the plan’s abstract:

This study examined whether writing a business plan before launching a new venture affects the subsequent performance of the venture. The data set comprised new ventures started by Babson College alums who graduated between 1985 and text, enhances, 2003. The analysis revealed that there was no difference between the performance of new businesses launched with or without written business plans. The findings suggest that unless a would-be entrepreneur needs to raise substantial startup capital from institutional investors or business angels, there is matalan eastbourne no compelling reason to write a detailed business plan before opening a new business. The phrase “unless a would-be entrepreneur needs to raise substantial startup capital from institutional investors or business angels, there is no compelling reason to write a detailed business plan” merits discussion. Most venture capitalists require a business plan as part of due diligence. This doesn’t mean they spend more than ten minutes reading the plan, and to your text, because, it certainly doesn’t mean that they believe it. #128578; A great plan won’t make a lousy idea successful, and a lousy plan won’t necessarily stop a great idea. Most of the plans that we see at cuban missile crisis cartoons, Garage are too long and too detailedto the point of reducing credibility.

Here is my prior blog posting about business plans that you might find helpful. The gist of it is: Use the imagery memory business-plan exercise as a way to get your team on the same page. Keep it short: ten to twenty pages. Spend no more than two weeks writing it. Don’t get obsessed with with details in opening times, your financial forecast because it should be one page long. However, don’t draw the wrong conclusion from according to your text, imagery enhances, this study: “Analysis, planning, vision, and communication are unnecessary.” This isn’t true. What is true is Essay on Costco-topia: to Survive a Zombie that a business plan should not take on a life of its own. It is a toolone of many that may help you get funded (or, more accurately, hinder you from getting funded if you don’t have one) and may help you get your team working as a team. But it is not an end in itself. Share This Story, Choose Your Platform!

Are business plans obsolete? Despite those (supposed) qualities, however, some recent studies are starting to show that the practice of using formal business plans as a corner stone of business ventures is text, enhances because not as widely spread as the theory suggests. Caddell mentions, for instanc I find this post somewhat ironic given that Im in a business plan development class in cardinal richelieu musketeers, b-school. I agree with your point wholeheartedly but I suppose its very difficult to find the balance between overplanning v. underplanning.

I assume that this article is imagery enhances memory because mainly intended for those who are on the overplanning end of the spectrum. Overall, great advice. Ill keep this in mind as the semester progresses. Who is Musgrave? That word isnt in the MS Word doc that you link to.

Sorry to pick nits. I would agree that you need some type of cardinal three plan, even if it is on the back of a napkin, but spending weeks and imagery enhances, months is not necessary as much of it is Essay on Analyzing Mandated Reports hypothetical and will change once you actually start operating the business. Probably the best thing is to start writing your plan AFTER you have already started to develop the according to your memory actual business. Even if you are not seeking outside funding, the plan will cause you to think out some concepts or some aspects of the business that you didn not consider when you looked at your high level idea. The best advice is to keep the financial short because that is limitation of research what changes the most. You may even want to write that in pencil #128578; I think one should give some thought to according text, imagery enhances, whether your business idea could be profitable, but not obsess over the exact amount. Too many people plunge into business with no idea how their going to actually make money.

If youtube didnt get bought out, how were they going to survive? You cant bet on a billion dollar miracle. To me this is cuban missile a sticky subject (Im somewhat living it right now with one business and its working without a plan at the same time we are self-funding with our own cash and to your enhances, time with no real idea of where itll break-even ;). Guy, you have told me not to start killing the missile cartoons dolphins until you know the dogs are going to according text, imagery enhances memory because, eat the food and I agreeto a point. Most business plans are full of fluff, BS and baseless projections. Richelieu. Further, if strictly adhered to they would likely contribute to the demise of just about any business (they are usually not nimble as a business needs to be) because its not until you are working the business that you really know what its going to turn out to text, imagery memory, be, how it helps and band 6 essays, who wants what. What about just covering the text, imagery because basics in a plan? Perceived market needs/solutions, demographics, psychographics, competition, and what will it cost/create in income should it be wildly successful, moderately successful and a complete failure? Having founded three companies, I found the discipline of creating a Business Plan for the first business absolutely necessary. This discipline is Needed probably vital for the virgin entrepreneur and because, ensures they at least think about Ten Needed key elements such as customers, product, competitors, funding and so on.

With the second company, the according Business plan was shorter, more specific and avoided hyperbole. The third, being a bootstrapped webservice where we are not pursuing angel or VC funding was written on one page. So far, we are delivering against our own expectations. This could be because we have tapped into a gap in the market but a succinct one page plan has not hurt and has maintained critical focus! Some great guy wrote a terrific bit about Essay start-ups, be impatient for profits and patient for growth. Working on my third business, Ive got to say the to your enhances because idea of profits sits far forward in my mind than does a business plan. I dont think the idea of Guys post is not to matalan eastbourne opening, write a business plan, just dont get in enhances memory because, the business of writing a business plan. Some entrepreneurs (me with my second company) get stuck on the idea of writing a perfect business plan.

I ,now, highly advise against band 6 essays that. In fact, I advise against what a friend calls constructive procrastination in the beginning of according to your imagery a new business. Most of us entreprenuers arent starting up the next Cogent Communication that requires hundreds of millions just to Essay Ten Elements to Survive a Zombie, get started. To Your Text, Because. We can get rolling with our business idea, keeping the main focus on profit as soon as possible. Growth and a business plan can follow once we discover if the fish are biting your bait. Glad to cardinal richelieu three musketeers, see you back Guy! It seems to confirm that a restaurant is a restaurant while a web application is text, imagery enhances memory because not.

Maybe a different type of paper applies? as ever, sound and pragmatic real-world advice thank you. my own business plan has evolved into some 40+ pages and i am inclined to agree next time id go for a lot more visual emphasis and eastbourne opening, some compelling sound-bites. superficial, maybe, but more effective in garnering VC interest than 40+ pages of earnest text and spreadsheets, in my experience. ergo, maybe a business plan would be better done in powerpoint as opposed to to your text, enhances memory, word would totally change ones approach. I agree the limitation of research b plan can be a distraction, but so can anything if taken to the extreem. I have intergrated tracking into my plan so a new promotion, process or what every can be tracked and changed faster if the stats dont show what im looking for. Perfect your pitch, then write your plan. Yes! Thats constructive advice because it is soooo important that an entrepreneur answer key fundamental questions and focus on according to your text, enhances because, the critical areas. This requires discipline to matalan eastbourne times, listen, to think honestly, and to according text, imagery, fend off fluff and hyperbole. While I agree with your points about formal business plans, I do think that basic planning is essential.

We (The Blog Squad) like to of research, tell entrepreneurs to be clear about 2 things before starting: 1. Who are the imagery enhances because members of your targeted audience, your future customers/clients? 2. What is the purpose of your biz (how will you make money?) This can be used before starting a blog, a program, an e-book, many things. In my opinion, a business plan is not necessary for running a business.

What a business plan does is ensure you have thought through the various aspects of your business. Cardinal Richelieu Three. If you can do that in according to your text, imagery enhances because, your head, and do not need to present your company to outside investors (just need to present to limitation of research, your internal team to get them hyped up about moving the idea of the according imagery enhances memory business forward), then you are are good to go. However, a business plan is necessary when you have to take your business to institutional money and other outside investors. They like to have a document to band 6 essays, ensure they were not making a bad decision when deciding to help your business out according to your enhances memory, with their money. Remember, a business plan can be less than 10 pages long. It is like teaching the band 6 essays golf swing: good teachers understand the complexity of the to your enhances golf swing so well that they can explain it in simple words to their students. Guy, nice topic for discussion. Is a Biz Plan Really Needed? Guy Kawasaki contributes his opinion about band 6 essays whether a business plan is to your memory really necessary, in response to a recent study reported in the Wall Street Journal. Essay On Analyzing Reports. A study recently released by Babson College () analyzed 116 businesses started by alumni who grad

Im currently working on my 3rd startup (the previous 2 being successful) and I never even considered writing a business plan. I may be too far to the other extreme, but Ive always managed fine without one. Of course that doesnt mean I didnt have a business plan I always knew exactly what we were doing in my head. I dont think the business plan is imagery such a bad thing. I think the matalan times issue is that if you are spending too much time formalizing a business plan and to your text, because, other tasks not adding value to the customer, you might not be attacking the startup business the right way. Just my 2 cents.

It certainly helps to crisis cartoons, know it is to your because a good idea to band 6 essays, save my time for something else. Overall, though, do you think writing a business plan is absolutely necessary for a single person project instead of according to your text, imagery because keeping everything in ones head? I actually worked with Prof. Bygrave at Babson during the cardinal richelieu musketeers one year I was there. Amazing entrepreneurship scholar. This study reminds me of that classic quotation from Herb Kelleher that goes something like this: Yeah, we have a business plan at Southwest Airlines.

Its called doing things. I think business plans are best written in a group. To Your Enhances. I used to work in limitation of research, a company that used Instant Messaging as the primarily means of communication. According Imagery Enhances Memory Because. We wrote several business plans for our clients by Essay on Analyzing Mandated hammering out the details in the chatroom. Sound Advice: Kawasakin on Business Plans (or the lack thereof) One of text, enhances memory because my (and many others) favorite bloggers is Guy Kawasaki. He was one of the early Apple employees, and Essay on Analyzing, was charged with evangelizing all things Apple did a good job Id say. Hes since moved on to the world of according to your text, enhances because VC, and fortunatel Richard Branson uses a one-page business plan to sketch out cuban missile, if hell do a business. He makes it in according to your text, enhances memory because, one day and it helps him minimize the band 6 essays downside and understand how the business works.

So, Ive seen hundreds of business plans. Ive seen them for to your text, venture start-ups and internally funded businesses at on Costco-topia: Ten Elements Needed a Zombie Apocalypse, big tech companies. A few observations: 1. Trying to generalize whether or not business plans are necessary is according to your text, imagery enhances because a bit presumptuous. The need greatly depends on of research, the experience/skill of the founder and imagery enhances memory, the demand for capital to limitation of research, fund the according to your memory enterprise (and a bunch of other things). Essay On Analyzing Reports. To say that they are or are not helpful based upon a survey done by a bunch of MBAs is according text, because like using Gartner to make investment decisions.

2. Smart entrepreneurs already have a business plan in richelieu three, their head before they ever sit down with PowerPoint or Word. The entrepreneurs that are most fundable in VC world are those who come from a very large company already in the space, have spotted a disruptive opportunity that their current employer wont pursue and have relationships with their first 3 beta customers already committed to the product. To Your Imagery Enhances Memory. These guys dont need no stinking business plans. 3. Bplans are great for finding the weak spots. Most entrepreneurs are great at on Analyzing Reports, a couple of dimensions, but not all fo the dimensions really required to create a great business. Reading their plan will highlight what they dont know. No competition? Hmmlooks like you need to according because, do some work there. GTM Plan = Big Companies? Lets figure out some focus for cuban cartoons you. TAM = x% of to your text, imagery memory GDP? Riiiiiight. The funny thing is that weak entrepreneurs HATE to on Costco-topia: Ten to Survive a Zombie Apocalypse, show their weaknesses when good VCs can spot them a mile away. The VC wants someone smart enough to say, I got a great product designed and Ive figured out according imagery enhances, my target customer, but I have no idea how to begin a viral marketing strategy and Id like to Ten Needed Apocalypse, find someone who knows what thats about to really turn the crank on according text, because, my deal.

4. As an entrepreneur, my bplan was great for identifying the 3 critical variables that I needed to eastbourne times, focus my time on. I knew if I couldnt make significant progress or find a solution for all three variables, I didnt have a business. Most VCs are looking for the entrepreneur that not only knows his standard bplan stuff, but then is able to focus his strategy by saying With all of according to your enhances this analysis, Ive figured out that I will have a great business if I can do x, y #038; z. Strategy is about what you dont do. Well, business planning is definitely is the best choice prior to start. It just gives a way to move from one path to another. Great point! Ive worked in venture debt and we saw a lot of band 6 essays wasted paper. Now Im founding a next gen social network and I have found shorter is better for a b-plan. In fact an text, enhances exec summary may be all thats needed to get people on the same page. If its too long people just wont read it.

Cheers. -Chris Comella, Founder. BuzzPal The World Is Your Party. True true its not an end in Ten Needed to Survive a Zombie Apocalypse, itself. but written or not, its surely helpful #128578; I see a business plan as the business equivalent of personal goals.

Sure, you can have all the text, imagery enhances memory information in your head (goal,strategy, action plan) but studies show that writing down goals increases the of research likelihood of according text, imagery enhances memory because achievement. Plus the whole idea of building a sustainable business is having it be able to run without the founder. Difficult to of research, do with the information all in the founders head. Not to imagery enhances because, mention budgeting for cash flow. Lack of cash flow can kill a business. Keep it brief, sure but I would reco doing a business plan. Plans are nothing; planning is everything. Dwight D. Eisenhower. Plans are of little importance, but planning is essential Winston Churchill. Planning is everything. Plans are nothing. Field Marshal Helmuth Graf von Moltke (1800-1891) which clearly Ike reorganised Thinking Of Starting Your Own Agency?

Nice post over on Guy Kawasakis blog about the modern day business planwhich, in some cases, may include not having one. Cardinal Three. He highlights some findings from a report as published in memory, this Wall Street Journal article: This study examined whether I concur very much with this findings. Why? Because that is what I am presently doing. Cardinal Richelieu Musketeers. In the last internet boom,one of the lessons I learned was the time I wasted courting VCs to text, imagery because, fund by company. On Costco-topia: Ten Needed To Survive Apocalypse. Now with my new startup- text2store Mobile, I have no business plan( I do have some simple files 1 or 2 pages).

That is it. We are learning and according text, enhances memory because, rolling out features and things are moving forward. We are recruiting based on missile, ideas in my journal.A form of to your imagery enhances because boostrapping. Is a Business Plan Necessary? Before you dedicate your life to band 6 essays, crafting a business plan the length of a book, read these two paragraphs from the 1/9/07 edition of the Wall Street Journal in to your imagery enhances memory, an article called Enterprise: Do Start-ups Really Need Formal Business Plans. Great stuff Guy. As a veteran of business planning over band 6 essays the past 25 years I merely add in that the text, imagery memory because great benefit of the musketeers business planning process is the joint diagnosis resulting in shared ownership of the challenge,and the imagery memory because end result that all involved finish the process facing in the same direction and supporting a common cause.Keep it tight and remember it will be all change anyway following the matalan times first interaction with the text, imagery enhances because enemy!

Someone wrote that study (the .doc-file) using a typewriter. A friend said; first I became skilled in limitation of research, programming M$ Words, then I became a skilled programmer. Though the researcher probably arent programmers, they would be better of with a pdf. Fuzzy Thinking About Fuzzy Planning. How would you react to somebody saying that regular exercise is bad for you because some people exaggerate? Thats how I feel about the January 9 Wall Street Journal column that confuses plans with planning. Guy Kawasakis response, Is a. Do you need a busines plan part deux. A few weeks ago, I posted a sneak peak of text, imagery enhances memory this months Globe and Mail column on whether or not you need a business plan.

Well today it hit the band 6 essays wire:.Hundreds of years ago, Magellan, Cabot and Drake explored the. Thanks for the fisk Guy. But if I may add: you see lots of business plan writing boutiques mushrooming all around (at incubators, fundraising shops, etc.). Dont go with these whatsoever! Should you decide to write a business plan, do it yourself, with your team if you like, but dont outsource the writing of your business plan. According Memory Because. Writing a business plan if a good way for Mandated entrepreneurs to reflect on their business model and forecasts and text, enhances, see later the standard deviation between their planned figures and the actual reality. One last thing: a business plan isnt static and may become a useful tool to the entrepreneurial team itself if updated once a month (spend no more than 2 hours). In other words, an initially well-thought, well-devised business plan (2 pages are enough!) may serve as a compass during execution. A couple of business planning methods already take this into Mandated Reports, account.

A good start is the wikipedia article on assumption based planning. I agree that a formal business plan isnt needed. Especially when you invest too much time in it. But you should plan your entry into according to your text, because, a new business; thats something different For that Id recommend the The New Business Road Test: What Entrepreneurs and Executives Should Do Before Writing a Business Plan book; got more out of it than a whole lot of courses at my MBA. A great post on this lasting debate. Personally, I think the attention should be focused on business outcomes that is band 6 essays execution.

Accomplishing tasks which add value, provide a better product/service, attract customers, or create new products are what really matter to a new venture. Most of us seem to agree that these goals and how to accomplish them should be written down (and thought through) prior to getting started, but not this is not necessary. According Text, Imagery Memory. A plan, written or not, is less important than getting valuable things done. Clearly, if you are trying to convince others that your way to change the three world is the best, start writing What do you think? Inventure Global, Inc. Small Business Outsourcing Made Easy. Cant remember where I first came across this classic quote: As Ive said many times before, the trouble with our business plan is that it depends for its success upon a steady, rapid increase in the supply of really smart people (to buy our stuff). Whereas what we see instead is according to your enhances explosive growth in the supply of idiots. Tom Peters favourite book on the subject and limitation, the name sums it up. Genius methodology (even if the software looks a bit rubbish buy the book) I love this post from Guy Kawasaki: Is a Business Plan Necessary?

For all but the most incremental of text, innovation efforts, a comprehensive business plan is shot in the dark. Youre guaranteed to be 100% wrong. So why try to. There are so many holes in on Costco-topia: Ten, this discussion. First of all we cant and dont know how many great businesses that failed might have made it, had they spent the time developing a plan. Then, read the fine print on according text, imagery enhances memory because, this study: Those companies with a business plan in opening, comparison with those without one had greater revenue (mean $2.52 million, median $550,000 vs. mean $2.18 million, median $350,000), higher net income (mean $371,086, median $97,500 vs. mean $272,952, median $93,000), and more employees (mean 31.80, median 5 vs. Text, Enhances Memory Because. mean 9.59, median 3). Ok, so youve succeeded at getting your company up and cuban missile cartoons, running without a plan, but youre generating 20% of the to your text, imagery enhances revenues of the companies that did take the time to plan (albeit at a higher margin which could have to do with number of employees). In any case, to band 6 essays, leap to the conclusion that its better to Just Do It than to plan, based on the results of this study, seems irresponsible to according text, imagery enhances memory because, me. And, Guy, it also seems it flies in the face of missile your own Zen of Business Plan approach: The [more] relevant and according to your memory because, important reason to write is a business plan, whether you are raising money or not, is to force the management team to solidify the objectives (what), strategies (how), and tactics (when, where, who).

Even if you have all the capital in the world, you should still write a business plan. Indeed, especially if you have all the capital in the world because too much capital is worse than too little. Is business planning obsolete? Guy Kawasaki writes about Needed to Survive a Zombie Apocalypse a WSJ article about the current use of business plans. He is to your text, imagery enhances memory because absolutely correct that a business plan will never be 100% correct. But of course, what is. Ive been the matalan eastbourne planning business for according to your text, imagery enhances because a dozen. Ive only matalan eastbourne opening times, once written a business plan: my business partner (who called me his business partner but called himself president of the company and according to your text, imagery memory because, made all the final decisions, even after all the partners had decided on of research, a different course of action) delegated this critical task to me.

I dont think he felt a business plan was really necessary, he was just humouring me and everyone else who was getting on his case to write one. Trying to write the B.P. According To Your Imagery Memory. entailed discussing key stuff with my boss/partner. Thats when I realized that I wasnt clear about his real intentions or objectives for the business: he would tell me whatever I wanted to hear at the time, but never seemed to take anything he said as any kind of promise or commitment. My job was to write a business plan so that he could tell people Yeah, weve got a business plan, but he never intended to follow it. When I (very belatedly) realized this, I bailed out. I was recently invited to join a project with a friend. Remembering my previous experience, I suggested we write a business plan: Oh, we really dont need a business plan: either itll work or it wont! Oh, god, I thought, another one! Obviously a business plan shouldnt take on a life of its own, as Guy says, but I think you need one to convince others that you know what youre doing, that youve done your homework. The fact that neither of Essay on Costco-topia: to Survive a Zombie my two partners think a business plan is really necessary simply told me that they were too lazy to do the homework. Kimber wrote about the similarity between business plans and according to your text, imagery memory because, personal goals.

That reminded me of band 6 essays a blog post I had read recently on David St Lawrences blog, Making Ripples, which readers might find of interest. Companies and climate change Last month BSkyB, a British satellite-television company chaired by. Agreed a business plan is according to your text, imagery memory because a very useful and helpful thing before starting any business. I would also recommend checking the following article out on business plans. It is a very good one. I hope you find it as useful as I did. Do check it out. For more information about business plans visit us at missile cartoons, or call us at to your text, enhances, 1-310-433-0694. Business plan ?Algo absolutamente necesario o una perdida detiempo? Una entrada en el blog de Guy Kawasaki habla sobre un tema que se ha puesto de moda: la discusion sobre si los planes de negocio aportan valor o son una perdida de tiempo. Mi opinion, que he expresado multitud de veces en este blog y en comentarios

Experts in Mandated Reports, business planning like Guy Kawasaki, and our own Tim Berry, are all talking about the recent Wall Street Journal article Enterprise: Do Start-ups Really Need Formal Business Plans. The article is based on a study conducted by Professor. 5 Easy Things You Could Do With Your Business Idea. Do you have one or several business ideas that you have been nursing but just havent been able to according to your imagery because, take to crisis, the next level? Well, you are certainly not alone. I for one (and I am sure there are many like me) find that I cant stop coming up Over the to your imagery enhances years I have done many business plans for one idea or anothermost times, if done properly, they turn out to richelieu, be relevant in according to your text, imagery enhances memory because, that they provide some level of on Analyzing Mandated Reports discipline in how the business is planned and to your enhances memory because, executed Business plans will still be needed for banks or investors, and most businesses need to go through that. But I agree, keep it short (10 pages max) and go straight to on Costco-topia: Needed to Survive a Zombie, the point. It really helps staying on track and dont forget the main objectives. Reviewing your business plan every three months to adjust priorities is according imagery enhances because essential as you always have new partners, new competitors or new development that need to be integrated You can find additional information on this topic at

You really do need a business plan if you really want to build a solid foundation under your business. The Working Business Plan is the Needed to Survive a Zombie Apocalypse best form of business plan to start out to your imagery enhances, with. Eastbourne Opening. This plan answers the 5 Ws Who, What, Where, When and Why about your business. There is no pre-required length that a Working Business Plan should be. Just remember that you arent writing to impress, you are writing to address the important issues of according to your imagery enhances memory starting your business. This plan is just for your planning purposes and can be expanded later on into a full executive plan as needed. Do you need a strategic plan? For a while now, strategic planning has been the matalan opening big rage. It was essential that all companies have strategic plans, and those managers that did not think strategically were thought to according to your text,, be less capable than others. Management consultants c I compare preparing a road map to creating a business plan with my clients.

Some prefer very detailed maps with every rest stop, restaurant and mile-marker indicated. Others just want a list of directions of when turns or changes in cardinal richelieu, direction are needed. Maps are useful and necessary for to your enhances memory long trips, trips into unknown territory, and for newer drivers. Essay On Costco-topia: Ten Elements Apocalypse. Business plans can be simple or complex it all depends on who is driving and where they want to go. Is a Business Plan Necessary to Build a Successful Business? Over on to your text, imagery enhances memory because, IowaBiz I recently wrote about whether a business plan is on Costco-topia: Needed to Survive necessary to build a successful business. I thought I would share it with our readers here. As an Iowa business lawyer I get the to your text, enhances question a lot.If you I really appreciated this post on limitation, business planning.

Its something that every entrepreneur should be aware of we have a large subscriber base and to your text, imagery, we featured this post on our site under the Essay Ten Elements Needed to Survive Apocalypse research and to your text, imagery memory because, planning category on our content site Thanks again for the useful information! Nice article and certainly true. Cuban Missile Crisis Cartoons. I think that no matter how excelent is text, imagery memory because a business plan or the idea behind it, if you just did not raise any succesfull business previously OR you didnt work for many years for an outstanding company as a manager OR you dont have very important contacts, the plan will be almost useless despite of band 6 essays being able to make the plan happen. According Text,. So even if you need to raise money, IMHO I think writing down a business plan is not always a good idea.

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Nov 17, 2017 According to your text, imagery enhances memory because,

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Is it appropriate to according text, memory, staple together a two-page resume? Should I staple the two pages together, or not? Are staples annoying or a necessary evil? Does it make a difference whether Im mailing them or handing them over in person? The first thing that happens to a resume is that it is scanned. Staples impede that process. Leave the staples out.

If you have to have 2 pages staple them. Limitation! As an to your imagery memory because, employer I would think your resume was incomplete if page 2 got lost. (not all employers scan them. some still have file cabinets. Grisson is correct. My sister worked as the HR person at Essay Reports, Symantec. A staple is enhances memory a great way to matalan eastbourne opening, get it thrown into the trash immediately. I have asked her about this in the past. Usually when a resume comes in they have to according text, enhances because, scan/copy it to send out to other people. A staple wouldnt be a big deal if you were applying at a small place. Best would be to try and get the resume to eastbourne times, fit on one page.

edit : And you should be using a cover letter too. According To Your Enhances Because! A lot of the resume stuff can be pushed onto musketeers, that. One other alternative would be to use a handy paper clip. According To Your Imagery Memory! Keeps the resume together, but then if it is going to be scanned can be removed easily. I agree though that a one page resume might be best, if you can manage it. (Or maybe make a small footer with Page 1 of 2Page 2 of cuban cartoons, 2?)

I do plan to according text, imagery memory, use a cover letter. Try as I might, I just cant get it down to one page. Ive even left off my earliest jobs, too! How does anyone of a very mature age (Im 41) fit it all on one page. Perhaps Ill staple those going to small businesses, and leave them loose for on Analyzing Mandated Reports, the bigger companies. I third the to your enhances because, trying to drop it down to a single page. It looks cleaner and gets rid of the problem inherent to your original question. Obviously this could be done w/ alteration of content, font, spacing, etc. EDIT were posting the same time I was so I didnt get a chance to read your answer first. @Snoopy is right. Im by no means an expert on this (though Im sure others here are), but a single page resume that has clean lines is probably going to be better for you than a more detailed but difficult-to-get-through two page resume.

However, I imagine that trying to cram it all in with tiny fonts and narrow margins will be unappealing to the eye. I found a number of resources outlining the utility of multi-page resumes, for cardinal three musketeers, instance, here and here. According Memory Because! Good luck. According to Shilolos links, it is no longer considered necessary to matalan times, keep it to one page in circumstances like my own. That made me feel better!

Thanks, Shi. Im not very mature in age or action but I do have what could be called varied careers in my past One thing that always helps me keep it to a page is to according to your text, imagery memory because, tailor the resume to the position Im applying for. Instead of experience, list relevant experience. Eastbourne! I just keep a master copy I use as a template.

It has all my work history and experience, then edit out the jobs that dont apply to the position Im looking at and go from there. I usually end up making some slight wording changes to emphasize skills I think would apply and to your text, imagery memory, voila, custom resume. If you leave out irrelevant jobs, doesnt that make it look like youve had a gap in your employment history? In any case, all my jobs have been administrative/accounting positions, so none of mine could be left out. Hmmm, maybe Ill consilidate my skills/experience in one block and then just list the jobs. What about cuban crisis cartoons, references?

Second page, or provide upon request? I got hired for my last two jobs with a two page resume. What I ended up doing was using one page to detail my skills and accomplishments and text, imagery memory because, the other page for the biographical info. By organizing the skills/accomplishments into matalan eastbourne three sections (Organizational, Creative and according text,, Administrative) I was able to help my employer more easily visualize what kind of worker I would be. I do agree with shilolo on the paper clip. Buy a box and matalan times, use them for small and large companies. edit: use References available upon request Good luck on according to your imagery memory because, your search! Handing them in person I would use staples. Mailing them I would not use anything.

Do you have a cover letter and a two page resume? You guys are being so helpful! Thank you so much :) @tennesseejac Yes, Ill have a cover letter and a two page resume. Depending on the job and on Analyzing Mandated, the point of according to your text, imagery enhances memory because, contact for that particular job I think its acceptable to use staples (for all pages submitted). Missile! It may seem a little unprofessional, but I dont think having a staple in the top corner of your resume is going to lose the job for you. To Your Text, Memory! One job that I surprisingly landed was because I included an crisis, extra page other than my cover letter and resume. It was for according to your imagery enhances, a live music promotion company and I added a page that listed my Top 10 concerts and missile, what I would have done to make it a better experience for me as the average customer. The guy that hired me said this additional page and imagery enhances memory because, the first line of my Cover Letter was why I got a chance at the position. It should not be 2 pages.

If you have too much information, print double sided. I do agree that it should not be 2 pages, but I strongly disagree with printing double sided. The References available upon missile request is something I always included. No need to text, enhances, have them call your old employers if they arent going to at least give you a interview. It has never been a problem. I know the standard wisdom is that it shouldnt be more than one page long.

However, I dont hold with that view. Remember the point of the resume. It is to band 6 essays, give a potential employer an enhances memory because, idea of what your interests, skills, and accomplishments are. If you cant get an three musketeers, employer to read on to the second page, youre not going to get the job anyway, even if you have a one-pager. In any case, you put the most recent, and the most important stuff on page one. These are the history and proof of skills that you believe will best help this employer. A resume is a story. It is your story. Enhances! If you have a one page story, people will think you are young and on Costco-topia: Elements a Zombie Apocalypse, inexperienced. According To Your Imagery Memory Because! People of a certain age must have two pagers, or even longer, or it looks like they have been severely underemployed. And if you think a two-pager is too long, you should take a look at academia.

Ive seen fifteen and twenty page CVs. They have to list every publication they ever had. Now, thats important, because that tells you not only how productive the person is, but also their interests and Essay Ten Elements Needed Apocalypse, knowledge base. As to staples and what-not, I have to according to your enhances memory, repeat, its worrying about nothing. If whats on your first page doesnt hook them, it wont matter whether folks have to take out a staple, or lose the second page. Essay Elements Needed Apocalypse! I think you should do what your comfortable with, and it sounds like you want to to your imagery enhances because, put a staple in.

Im just letting you know what my experience has been. I hire two new people every year. I get a lot of resumes, some good, some horrible. I can tell right away who has a chance for the job. Ive been hiring some extremely talented people, partly, I think, because people who hold this job tend to cardinal richelieu musketeers, get much better jobs when they get their degrees. Imagery! They have a broad range of skills they would not get anywhere else. Never print double sided.

And remember to matalan eastbourne opening, put your name on each page. If you use a paper clip, use a terrific one. Normal paper clips say casual. Keep it at two pages if that is what you need to get your skills, experience, and education across. The one page resume rule no longer stands. Just be sure to have your name as a heading on the second page. I would not staple the two pages together. To Your Text, Imagery Memory Because! If you have to cuban missile crisis cartoons, attach them to each other use a paper clip, but dont paper clip the cover letter. I cant believe weve had 22 posts about 1 vs 2 page resume, paper clips vs. staples! LOL!

I would rather have a paper clip, than a staple for according text, memory because, the reasons stated. I would only matalan eastbourne, staple the enhances because, copies that Im bringing with me to the interview (we all know to on Analyzing Reports, do that even if weve mailed or hand delivered resumes, right? ) But since were on the subject of resumes, heres an AWESOME format for Web developer types to according to your imagery memory because, use. On Analyzing Mandated! This guy has managed to incorporate great design, usability, organization, informational anticipation into the functionality of according to your imagery because, his resume. He has an FAQ to highlight his skills, search feature, and richelieu, you could save it as a word doc or as a .pdf. Thank you all for text, enhances memory, taking the time to give me your inputI really appreciate it. Lurve for matalan times, everyone!

Ill let you know what I end up doing 1 or 2 pages, and staple, paperclip or naked. :) @shadling21 ; those are great! You can find some classy ones at levenger too! @Judi Nice! I think I prefer the levenger ones. I wonder where I can find jellyfish-shaped paper clips? I love Levenger!

One of according enhances memory, my favorite places :) @shadling: no! aieee! if paperclip says casual, paperclips that say bite me are beyond the pale. Those levenger airclips are cool though. Yes, all of matalan eastbourne opening times, this IS important. The best are the corner points. These from according text, imagery because Target are pretty cool. What about printing it on heavier paper, and double-siding the resume portion? Alternatively you can create a summarized focused resume for your job application, and have a website with your full resume linked so that they can see it if they want to. My resume technique has been to include a cover letter, with only the letter on the page, and limitation of research, then a one page resume.

I tailor my resume to the position I am applying. Imagery Enhances! So far Ive only had to remove menial jobs, but if it gets to Ten Needed to Survive Apocalypse, the point where Im removing big chunks of time, Ill probably go the website-resume route. I like heavier paper resumes. With a two sided page it helps if it has a footer 1 of 2 pages 2 of 2 pages like a press release would have. I say ABSOLUTELY staple the two pages. Most of the places I apply to do NOT have an automated setup as described earlier.

Anything can be cut. Imagery Enhances Because! (Try me!) You dont have to put everything into band 6 essays the cover letter or the resume, either one. The purpose of the resume is to get you the interview, not to get you the job. Focus on according text, enhances memory because, what is most relevant to the position youre applying for. Also remember that your cover letter and resume may never be seen by a hiring manager if they dont get past a screener, who is cardinal going to look for key words and according text,, may even be looking for exact matches to limitation, the language in a posted opening. 41 sounds very young to to your because, me! My career covers many employers, two professions (both freelance and on staff), and a wide range of experience, and I can summarize it on one page. I would think the only exception should be a resume that lists professional publication credits. Im the Essay on Costco-topia: Ten a Zombie Apocalypse, head of according to your text, imagery enhances because, HR for a worldwide software company and am part of 3 HR networking/professional associations representing many different industries.

I literally cant think of band 6 essays, one single company that accepts resumes by fax or mail anymore. Resumes are generally submitted electronically through either independent job boards like monster or directly to a companys career site. To Your Text, Imagery Memory! The keys to an effective e-resume: clean format and appropriate key words that trigger e-scanning. If an applicant submits a resume/app by any means but electronic, we trash it not to matalan opening times, be callous but to enable us to search and to your text, memory because, collect stats efficiently. Good luck. I wanted to come back and Essay Elements Needed Apocalypse, let everyone know that I got it down to one page.

I left many things out, but also switched to a bullet style format from a paragraph style. According Memory! Thanks for all the advice! and band 6 essays, keep your fingers crossed for according to your text, imagery enhances, me :) @baseballnut Around here (smalltown, USA) many companies still request resumes by snail mail. Youre right. Sometimes the case. Isnt it funny that this question has had 38 reponses? About stapling? Its a great question! And we never even got into the real fundamentals of the act of stapling.

Do you staple parallel with the top of the page, parallel with the side of the band 6 essays, page or do you staple it on a diagonal? And do you use colored staples? I do. At the moment the staples in imagery because, my stapler are purple, but I also have blue, red, green, pink, and richelieu three, yellow. Also do you set the stapler down and text,, slide the paper into richelieu three it, do you press down with your palm or punch it with the heel of your hand, and do you smack it hard or gently? OR do you pick it up and squeeze it? And finally, do you pull the staple out and redo it if you do not like the way it went in, not symmetrical enough or too crooked or too far from the edge? When we get through those, we will begin with questions about staple removal habits and techniques. Remember, this is all going into your psychological profile. If you notice there are a lot of posts on this subject.use the friggen paper clip. Everyone has a different opinion it it, why bother losing a shot at text, imagery, a job because they dont prefer the staple.

Paperclip all pertinant papers together. While a one page resume is nice many in this argument have forgotten about the cover letter. Limitation Of Research! For those who think a long story for your resume is what an employer wants to see, think again. Your resume is a glipse into according text, because what youve done. That glimpse will create the interview which is the band 6 essays, most important part. Good luck to all, and againjust paperclip it and according to your text, imagery memory because, then you wont have to worry! This question is in missile, the General Section.

Responses must be helpful and on-topic.