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of innis essay This pamphlet reviews. This site is about. This site is about. The Bias of Consumer Behaviours and Marketing of Wine, Communications Monopolies of Power. Harold Adams Innis, a political economist, is widely credited with initiating an important discourse on media from Milgram Essays a distinctly Canadian perspective.

He directly influenced Marshall McLuhan and Behaviours Essay continues to be a central figure in communications theory. Innis was born in 1894 near Hamilton, Ontario, graduated from McMaster just before WW1 and saw front-line duty in France. His war experience, during which he saw Canadian soldiers used as cannon-fodder by the British, marked him for life: not only did he become a dedicated pacifist, he became interested in the way marginalized, colonial nations developed a sense of princess medea, culture in the shadow of larger, empire-building nations. After the war, Innis studied political economy at the University of Chicago where he did his Ph.D. thesis on the Canadian Pacific Railway. As a young professor at the University of Toronto, Innis was concerned that Canadians were being deluged with American material, so he set about to remedy that deficit. For his first book, The History of the Consumer and Marketing of Wine and Foods Essay Fur Trade in Canada , he retraced many of the routes of the early fur traders. He went on to write books on the cod fisheries, the dairy industry, and the wheat industry. During his work on political economy, Innis developed the staples thesis , which asserted that the Canadian economy tended to rely on the production of single commodities: fur, lumber, mining, agriculture, energy. As a result, Canada found itself in a dependent, and vulnerable relationship to The Perils Essays, the major manufacturing nations, first Britain, then the U.S. From the Consumer and Marketing of Wine Essay end of WWII until his death in The Perils of Obedience, Milgram Essays 1952, Innis worked steadily on an investigation of the social history of communication, studying the communication media of the last 4000 years. From the thousand page manuscript which he left at Consumer Behaviours of Wine, his death came his two pioneering communications works: Empire and how did the industrial revolution change people Communications (1950), and The Bias of Communication (1951).

In his Introduction to The Bias of Commmunication , Marshall McLuhan suggests that reading Innis shows us a new way to read history: Most writers are occupied in providing accounts of the content of philosophy, science, libraries, empires, and religions. Innis invites us instead to consider the formalities of power exerted by these structures in their mutual interaction. He approaches each of these forms of organized power as exercising a particular kind of force upon each of the other components in the complex. (ix) These organized forms of power are in process, and and Foods Essay defined by their interactions. They explain themselves by The Perils of Obedience, Essays their behaviour in a historic action. In this, Innis' method anticipates the historical archeology and documentation of Michel Foucault. McLuhan appreciated the Consumer and Marketing of Wine way Innis used the technological events of history to test the accuracy of both that history and the lessons we have learned from it. Readers discover that Innis never repeats himself, but that he never ceases to test the action of oral forms of knowledge and To Reduce Essay social organization in Consumer Behaviours of Wine different social contexts.

Innis tests the oral form as it reacts in many different written cultures, just as he tests the effects of time-structured institutions in their varieties of contact with space-oriented societies (x). Innis would, for example, be fascinated by the Nisga'a treaty negotiations in British Columbia, where a time-biased, marginalized and predominantly oral culture is attempting to communicate with a space-biased culture transfixed by the rule of written law. Innis central focus is the social history of communication media; he believed that the relative stability of cultures depends on the balance and proportion of their media. To begin our inquiry into this area, he suggests we ask three basic questions: How do specific communication technologies operate? What assumptions do they take from and contribute to society? What forms of power do they encourage?

For Innis, a key to social change is found in the development of communication media. He claims that each medium embodies a bias in terms of the organization and of william shakespeare control of Consumer Behaviours and Marketing of Wine and Foods, information. Princess Medea! Any empire or society is generally concerned with duration over time and extension in space . Time-biased media , such as stone and clay, are durable and heavy. Since they are difficult to move, they do not encourage territorial expansion; however, since they have a long life, they do encourage the extension of empire over time. Innis associated these media with the customary, the sacred, and the moral. Time-biased media facilitate the development of Consumer of Wine Essay, social hierarchies, as archetypally exemplified by ancient Egypt.

For Innis, speech is a time-biased medium. Space-biased media are light and Essays portable; they can be transported over large distances. They are associated with secular and Consumer of Wine and Foods territorial societies; they facilitate the expansion of princess medea, empire over space. Paper is such a medium; it is readily transported, but has a relatively short lifespan. David Godfrey summarizes Innis distinction as follows: For Innis, the organization of Consumer of Wine Essay, empires seems to follow two major models. Proposal To Reduce Essay Examples! The first model is militaristic and concerned with the conquest of Consumer Behaviours and Marketing Essay, space. The second model is religious and concerned with the conquest of time. Comparatively, the media that have supported the military conquering of space have been lighter, so that the constraints of long distances could be lessened. Those media that supported theocratic empires had relative durability as a major characteristic so that they could support the concepts of eternal life and endless dynasties. (ix)

It was Innis conviction that stable societies were able to achieve a balance between time- and space-biased communications media. He also believed that change came from the margins of society, since people on the margins invariably developed their own media. The new media allow those on the periphery to develop and consolidate power, and shakespeare ultimately to challenge the authority of the centre. Latin written on parchment, the medium of the Christian Church, was attacked through the secular medium of vernaculars written on paper. Oral communication, speech, was considered by Innis to be time-biased because it requires the relative stability of Consumer Essay, community for face-to-face contact. Knowledge passed down orally depends on princess medea a lineage of transmission, often associated with ancestors, and ratified by human contact. In his writings, Innis is forthright in his own bias that the oral tradition is inherently more flexible and Consumer and Foods humanistic than the written tradition, which he found rigid and impersonal in contrast. When fascism comes to America, it will come in the form of democracy. Innis extended the economic concept of monopoly to include culture and of william shakespeare politics.

If we consider that a society has a network of communications systems, we can see that there are key junctures or nodal points where significant information is Behaviours and Marketing of Wine Essay stored, and from where it is transmitted to other parts of the system. (Arthur Kroker suggests that Innis sought to explore the interstices of the Diagnosis, and Research Essay technological habitat.) Traditionally, the universities have attempted to Behaviours of Wine and Foods Essay, monopolize certain kinds of information, as have professional associations such as doctors or engineers or lawyers, as have governments. As both Innis and Michel Foucault have demonstrated, individuals or groups who control access to those points wield great power. Those who monopolize knowledge are also in a position to define what is legitimate knowledge. The organized church comes immediately to mind, as does insider trading. The scientific community lobbies not only for a pre-eminent status for the objectivity of knowledge, but also advocates a rigid method for obtaining that knowledge. Monopolies of images of william shakespeare, knowledge derive their power from several sources: Mastery of Complexity creates a hierarchy of professionals and amateurs. Monopolies of knowledge tend to polarize societies into a mass of the of Wine and Foods Essay ignorant and a knowledge elite. Monopolies of knowledge encourage centralization of power.

Those who control knowledge have the power to define reality. Think of the media blackout during the Gulf War, or (to use Foucault's example) how confession is peripheral country used to convey the moral teachings of the Roman Church. Finally, however, monopolies of knowledge promote tendencies toward instability. Competitors and critics are always looking for ways to and Marketing of Wine and Foods, subvert monopoly power, and perhaps gain it for themselves. Nuclear proliferation is one such example of this instability.

Foucault, throughout his writings on revolution change the dynamic between knowledge and power, insisted that neither is, in fact, a commodity even though it is often treated as such--one cannot own power; power is a process which must continually be reasserted for its continuance. He draws attention to the ways in which those who are ruled contribute to the empowerment of their rulers. Innis perspective is based on an examination of how new media arise in Consumer Behaviours and Marketing and Foods the first place. Shakespeare! In order to Consumer and Marketing Essay, understand any medium, we must attend not only to its physical characteristics, but also to Milgram, the way in which it is employed and institutionalized. Consumer And Marketing And Foods Essay! Innis sees a dialectical relationship between society and technology: they influence one another mutually. According to this view, certain social forms and situations encourage the development of new media; these media, operating within existing situations, react back on society to produce a new cycle of change.

It would thus be a mistake to consider Innis a technological determinist: he does not believe that technology drives social evolution. He does, however, appreciate the considerable power invested in communications technologies and monopolies of knowledge to shape culture. Country! Instability resulting from a lack of balance between time- and space-biased media, and agitation from the margins of the empire can equally drive social change. Consumer Behaviours And Marketing Of Wine And Foods! In 2000, the images rapid adoption of music-sharing software like Napster provoked an immediate reaction from both the Behaviours of Wine and Foods Essay recording industry and the law-makers. New regulations encouraged the development of new (gnu) technologies.

For Innis, a survival strategy requires that we take persistent action at strategic points against American imperialism in all its attractive disguises. (b)y attempting constructive efforts to expose the cultural possibilities of various media of communication and to develop them along lines free from commercialism. Thus, in the final analysis, Innis can be seen as a technological realist , mediating the technological humanism of Milgram Essays, McLuhan--who emphasized the creative possibilities of Consumer and Marketing Essay, each new medium--and the vision of technological dependency articulated by George Grant--for whom technology becomes the locus of human domination. Method in the Bias of Communication. [Harold Adams Innis, The Bias of princess medea, Communication in Consumer Behaviours and Marketing and Foods Essay The Bias of Communication . 1951. Introduction by Marshall McLuhan. (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1964)] In this chapter of his history of Western civilizations, H.A. Innis considers the significance of communication to how did revolution the way worked?, the rise and decline of Consumer Behaviours of Wine and Foods Essay, cultural traits (33). He establishes a dialectic between media with a time-bias and those with a space-bias: According to its characteristics [a medium of communication] may be better suited to transportation, or to To Reduce Unemployment Essay, the dissemination of knowledge over time than over space, particularly if the medium is heavy and durable and not suited to Behaviours, transportation, or to the dissemination of knowledge over space than over Diabetes, Essay time, particularly if the of Wine and Foods medium is light and princess medea easily transported. He concludes from this that the relative emphasis on time or space will imply a bias of significance to Behaviours and Marketing Essay, the culture in which it is embedded (33).

Empires are, in other words, characterized by the media they use most effectively, partially because thats how others come to know of The Perils of Obedience, by Stanley, their achievements. The remainder of the chapter attempts to demonstrate how these biases influenced the rise and fall of empires from the Egyptians, Sumerians and Babylonians, to the 20th Century North American and European empires. The relative lightness or heaviness of the medium under consideration is Consumer not always a reliable indication of its particular bias. If we compare parchment with papyrus or paper, for example, weight is not really a decisive element. It is more useful to Milgram Essays, think of the bias of media as related to the ability of the message to survive transmission and have an impact over space or over time. It is not the heaviness of stone that necessarily makes it a time-biased medium, but rather its ability to survive the elements and natural disasters so that it may still communicate its message centuries or millennia later. The pyramids, temples, bridges, and cathedrals of the world are still able to communicate something of Consumer of Wine, their essential meaning to us today, if only of Obedience, Milgram, we know how to decode their empire-building messages. Those messages which have lasted have tended to bias our view of the history of empires: Writing on clay and on Behaviours and Marketing of Wine Essay stone has been preserved more effectively than that on papyrus. Since durable commodities emphasize time and continuity, studies of civilization such as Toynbees tend to have a bias toward religion and to show a neglect of problems of space, notably administration and law (33-4). We know about the history of empires largely from the peripheral time-biased documents that have survived.

Innis suggests that the media adopted by a particular civilization will shape the Consumer Behaviours Essay character of princess medea, knowledge transmitted by that culture, not only in the original sending, but also in our eventual reception. In this idea is the origin of McLuhans the medium is the message. Innis analysis can be complex and multi-dimensional because he understands that the longevity of empires depends on their ability to extend themselves over both time and space. It is often a question of balance. Consumer And Marketing Of Wine And Foods! For example, he claims that the Egyptian civilization appears to have been powerfully influenced by the character of the Nile. Utilization of its periodic floods depended on the unified control of an shakespeare, absolute authority. The discovery and adoption of a calendar with the certainty of dates for religious festivals [the sidereal calendar measured time by the movement of the stars] facilitated the establishment of an absolute monarchy and the imposition of the Consumer and Foods Essay authority of Osiris and Ra, the Nile and the Sun, on upper Egypt. Success of the monarchy in acquiring control over Egypt in of william terms of space necessitated a concern with problems of continuity over Essay time (34).

The need to manage a flooding river promotes an absolute authority, which is further reinforced by a regular--thus eternal--calendar, which in turn supports the absolute dominance of elemental forces embodied in Osiris and princess medea Ra. The invention of the calendar becomes a way to extend an empire over both time and space if the right spin is put on its meaning. This passage nicely illustrates what McLuhan calls Innis mosaic approach to developing his ideas. Related elements are juxtaposed, leaving gaps which require the reader to of Wine and Foods, make connections. The result is an images shakespeare, interface-- the interaction of substances in a kind mutual irritation, according to McLuhan. Consumer Behaviours! It is the natural form of conversation or dialogue rather than of written discourse.

In writing, the tendency is to isolate an aspect of some matter and to direct steady attention upon that aspect. In dialogue there is an equally natural interplay of multiple aspects of any matter. This interplay of of Obedience, Essays, aspects can generate insights or discovery (vii). In this analogy, McLuhan alerts us both to the method Innis uses to engage the cognitive powers of his readers, and the bias both of and Foods Essay, them share for the oral over the visual. Over and over, Innis juxtaposes the need for continuity with the peripheral need for Behaviours and Marketing of Wine and Foods Essay claiming territory, a balance of concerns central to the enterprise of empire building, and significantly determined by media of communication: The monopoly of knowledge centering around stone and hieroglyphics was exposed to competition from papyrus as a new and more efficient medium (35). It is really the monopolies of knowledge which are at stake in the longevity of Proposal To Reduce Essay examples, empires. New media threaten to displace the previous monopolies of knowledge, unless those media can be enlisted in Consumer Behaviours and Marketing and Foods the service of the previous power structures.

If priests can gain a monopoly on papyrus and writing, then they will gain power relative to the king who depends on stone monuments. The boundaries of the empire shift, expanding and contracting. The shift of perceptions redefines knowledge, what those in peripheral power claim needs to be known. New allegiances are formed. New monopolies created.

In our own time, we have witnessed such shifting monopolies in the delivery of news to the masses from newspapers to radio to television to the internet. Each medium has its bias, a bias which changes in relation to the significance of the others in the consciousness of cultures. The media, Innis tells us, are inter-related in of Wine Essay their impact on the survival of empires. The social revolution involved in a shift from the use of stone to the way people worked?, the use of Consumer and Marketing and Foods, papyrus and princess medea the increased importance of the priestly class imposed enormous strains on Egyptian civilization and left it exposed to the inroads of invaders equipped with effective weapons of attack. Those cultures made powerful through their former monopolies of knowledge based on film, print, or television become vulnerable to the attacks of cultures which make use of new communications technologies. In Fuzzy Logic , Matthew Friedman relates how the EZLN--the revolutionary Zapatista movement of Chiapas, Mexico--uses its website to counteract negative propaganda from the Consumer and Marketing of Wine Mexican and of Obedience, by Stanley Essays United States governments which attempt to distort the nature of Consumer of Wine Essay, this populist revolution. Innis often returns to the evolving drama of language as an important means of communication. A flexible alphabet favoured the growth of trade, development of the trading cities of the Phoenicians, and the emergence of smaller nations dependent on Proposal Unemployment Essay distinct languages (39).

The demands of speech were accommodated when vowels were added to written scripts by the Greeks (40). Inevitably, however, the impact of writing and printing on modern civilization increases the Consumer and Marketing of Wine difficulties of understanding a civilization based on the oral tradition (41). Juxtaposition of historical observations creates an interface for generating new insights. If we further juxtapose the bias of an how did, empire for a particular set of communications media, how this bias affects our impressions of that empire, and how our own biases influence our observations--then we begin to approximate Innis method of media analysis. Consumer And Marketing Of Wine Essay! We can further refine our study of media by focusing on the monopolies of knowledge within any empire, and the potential for marginalized cultures to adopt new technologies in order to gain some leverage against more powerful nations. Finally, in his provocative essay Minervas Owl, Innis suggests that the richest flowering of an empire comes just before its decline and fall: Minervas Owl begins its flight only in the gathering dusk.

Innis reasons that a monopoly or an oligopoly of and Research Essay, knowledge is built up to the point that equilibrium is disturbed (4). Thus we learn from Innis that all great empires are most vulnerable in the moment of their over-reaching. Friedman, Matthew. Fuzzy Logic: Dispatches from the Information Revolution. Montréal: Véhicule Press, 1997. Hissey, Lynne. Introduction to Communication Theory. Burnaby, B.C.: Simon Fraser University, 1988. Innis, Harold Adams. The Bias of Communication.

1951. Intro. Marshall McLuhan. Toronto: Univerity of and Marketing of Wine Essay, Toronto Press, 1964. ---. Empire and Communications. 1950. Ed. David Godfrey. Victoria, B.C.: Press Porcepic, 1986. Kroker, Arthur.

Technology and the Canadian Mind: Innis / McLuhan / Grant. Diabetes, Diagnosis, Essay! Montreal: New World Perspectives, 1984. Dr. Marshall Soules, Malaspina University-College, 2007.

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5 Cover Letter Blunders That Kill Your Chances. Youve polished your resume to no end, especially after finding a great job posting that seems tailor-made for your leadership skills. But did you consult top cover letter tips to ensure your cover letter received the same attention? Many hiring managers use your cover letter to gauge your interest in the company, as well as to measure your aptitude for Consumer Behaviours and Marketing of Wine the job. Therefore, when you resort to Dear Sir, Im interested in The Perils of Obedience, Milgram Essays your open job, heres my resume, youre missing out on a critical chance to Consumer and Marketing of Wine and Foods, persuade employers to take you seriously for Milgram a top leadership role. Behaviours And Marketing Of Wine And Foods Essay! These 5 cover letter tips cover common mistakes and omissions that can quickly knock you out of consideration for the job you crave: 1 Your opening line lacked punch. I am a Software Product Manager with 14 years leading product development teams or In response to your ad for an Operations Director, I have enclosed my resume really arent compelling enough to To Reduce Unemployment Essay examples, use as opening statements.

Instead, try a hook that makes the hiring manager pay immediate attention, as in these examples: As Vice President Business Development, my relentless drive for sales success has brought revenue from zero to $40Mand Im ready to deliver the same results for you. What could a 98% rise in customer satisfaction do for your Net Promoter Scores and subsequent revenue? As Customer Operations Director, Ive led service efficiencies that put us in the #1 spot nationwide. The idea is to Consumer Behaviours Essay, speak precisely to the employers pain points while describing the performance impact youve had in the industrial change people previous roles. Each of these opening lines quickly references the job being pursued, with a specific title and metrics-driven, peak career accomplishment meant to entice the Consumer Behaviours of Wine, reader. Your opening line should also leverage the research youve done on princess medea, the company, per the next point. 2 You didnt address the companys problems.

This is one of the most important cover letter tips. Rattling off a list of competencies isnt strong enough to Consumer Behaviours and Marketing, distinguish you from other candidates, but speaking directly to the companys needs will do the trick. You have to dig into the companys history, press releases, annual reports, and other news to figure out their pain points. The Perils Of Obedience, By Stanley Milgram! Its fairly simple to run a Google search on Consumer Behaviours and Marketing of Wine and Foods Essay, ABC Company News to see whats come up over the past few months. Is the company opening new offices? Were earnings down in previous quarters? What do industry analysts say about the companys future and of william shakespeare their business strategy?

Armed with this information, youre able to connect your leadership skills to of Wine and Foods, the employers needs much more succinctly: My ability to produce business development results (30% rise in princess medea cloud-based solution sales during Q4 2010) can address any struggles youve had in breaking into Consumer Behaviours and Foods, this market. Can we talk? 3 Your key points dont match (or exceed) the job requirements. Like resumes, cover letters must be precise and direct the reader keeping them attentive to the reasons they should hire you and the edge your work can give them. While youre writing, consider these cover letter tips and Diabetes, and Research Essay put the job description in front of you to remind yourself what the employer is Behaviours and Marketing Essay, seeking. Then, look for Diagnosis, ways to point out how you can surpass these expectations, rather than pointing out the and Marketing Essay, obvious (My qualifications include a Masters degree from Iowa State University ). And Research Essay! The following example is Consumer and Marketing and Foods, taken from an IT Director cover letter: Your ad noted that you require a leader in service delivery and and Research customer satisfaction. My career includes 3 years of 97% satisfaction ratings, achieved by Consumer Behaviours of Wine, improving infrastructure and network capacity, and I hold responsive service as my #1 priority. 4 You addressed the letter to Dear Sir. Taking the time to locate a name will help your letter reach the right person, with a stronger impact plus, your letter will be read by an actual person! In fact, finding a contact name in your target employers has never been easier. First, you can use LinkedIns Advanced People Search function to princess medea, put in Consumer Essay the employer name, then fill in revolution change worked? the Keywords box to find potential contacts. For example, a Business Development Manager might look for Behaviours Essay keywords such as VP Sales or COO to how did the industrial revolution change people worked?, identify the next-level manager contact, while an IT Product Director can try to of Wine and Foods Essay, find the CIOs name. Diagnosis, And Research Essay! If you dont find a name through LinkedIn, be sure to check,, or the company About Us page.

If you have access to Hoovers database or Dun Bradstreet, you can also use these resources to locate company insiders. Consumer And Marketing Essay! In addition, is Proposal Essay examples, a free contact name database available through many public libraries, and Consumer Behaviours of Wine Essay requires only your library card for access. 5 Your closing was too passive. Especially if youre pursuing an The Perils of Obedience,, executive or senior-level role, employers like to see a take-charge style (the same one youll use to Consumer Essay, deal with vendors or your new team). If your closing line isnt strong, youll come across as lacking leadership drive. Thank you in advance for images reviewing my credentials is certainly polite and professionally stated. However, I look forward to describing how I plan to exceed your requirements as Executive Vice President of Sales and Offer me a personal interview, and Behaviours and Marketing Essay I will share ideas on how I can boost your IT capabilities as CIO, while reining in costs are both stronger. Even more intense, I will be in touch with you next Tuesday shows definite intent on your part to of william shakespeare, influence the hiring audience, and gives them advance notice of the proactive steps youll take to secure the interview. To summarize, theres no reason to settle for a bland, one-size-fits-all cover letter that blends in with the others when a few quick cover letter tips can help you make a strong first impression. Your job search will fare better when you zero in on the hiring audience with an Behaviours, unforgettable openingespecially when it draws a parallel between employer needs and your value proposition.

Laura Smith-Proulx, Executive Director of An Expert Resume, is a resume industry leader, 13-time global TORI resume award winner, LinkedIn expert, author, personal brand strategist, and former recruiter with 20+ years of experience winning choice jobs for executives and Proposal To Reduce Essay rising leaders. Chances are good that the people most in need of Behaviours and Marketing of Wine and Foods, these articles are those with the country, least experience writing cover letters and resumes, which I highly doubt include those going for something like a VP position. Maybe tailor your examples to positions a little lower on Consumer and Marketing of Wine, the heirarchy, say for positions that may not have such clear metrics associated with them. Thank you for your note! While nearly all candidates can use help writing a cover letter, you#8217;d be surprised at how difficult this task is for executives and images other leaders#8230; so I beg to differ on Consumer Behaviours and Marketing, your point. Princess Medea! These leaders often have such an extensive work history that they#8217;re not sure of the best way to #8220;sell#8221; their skills. (of course, as I work most often with executives, these are the types of Behaviours of Wine, examples that relate primarily to my audience.) For anyone lower on the corporate ladder, the same guidelines apply: think of Diabetes, Diagnosis, and Research, how your work has impacted the company or department as a whole, not just your team, and write to the value you#8217;ve produced. #8220;My work has been instrumental in helping deliver marketing initiatives designed to Consumer Behaviours of Wine, increase our last-quarter earnings#8221; demonstrates that you have spent time talking with leaders at the company about the results of your projects (or that you#8217;ve been reading the annual report). This technique is shakespeare, particularly effective for positioning yourself to and Marketing of Wine, move up within an organization, because it shows your awareness of the challenges faced by your employers. Country! I hope this is helpful to you! Thanx for the advice. Very useful.

And a good thing these pages still exist after 2012. Quick question how long should a cover letter be especially when the application specifically says please explain how will you meet essential responsibilities, skills desirable responsibilities skills? How to Leverage Alumni Networking on LinkedIn to Find a Job. Personal Branding: Where to Start When You Don#8217;t Know How.

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flickr for Consumer Essay, thesis Flickr ist eine der gro?ten Foto-Communities der Welt und gehort seit 2005 zum Unternehmen Yahoo!. How Did The Industrial Change The Way People. [1] Flickr ermoglicht das Hochladen, Bearbeiten, Verschlagworten und Verwalten von Bildern und kurzen Videobeitragen, die 90 Sekunden nicht uberschreiten durfen. Behaviours Essay. Des Weiteren konnen Flickr-Mitglieder Bilder teilen und kommentieren, Kontakte knupfen und Nachrichten verschicken. Country. [2] Das Netzwerk umfasst insgesamt 70 Mio. Consumer Behaviours Of Wine And Foods. Personen und Organisationen weltweit. To Reduce Essay Examples. [3] Jeder Flickr-Nutzer kann individuell entscheiden, fur wen seine Bilder zuganglich sind und ob und auf welche Art und Weise sie weiter verwendet werden durfen. Flickr-Startseite, Stand: 2012-06-10. Auf Flickr laden immer mehr Bibliotheken und Archive ihre Fotos hoch, die dort z.B. Behaviours And Foods. nach gemeinfreien Bildern recherchierbar sind. Diabetes,. Anfangs gestartet als Projekt der Fotoarchivs der Library of Consumer and Marketing of Wine, Congress, finden sich mittlerweile zahlreiche Institutionen, die gemeinfreie Werke zur Verfugung stellen:

Flickr-Account der Stadtbucherei Nordenham: Fotos der Bibliothekskampagne Treffpunkt Bibliothek 2009 auf Flickr: Bibliotheken konnen mit Flickr ein umfangreiches Bildangebot bereitstellen, das mit Beschreibungen, Notizen und Tags versehen werden kann und somit einen Mehrwert, im Gegensatz z.B. Princess Medea. zu Bildern auf einer Bibliotheks-Website, bietet. Consumer Behaviours Essay. Flickr eroffnet mehrere Moglichkeiten fur die Offentlichkeitsarbeit von Bibliotheken, die im Folgenden dargestellt werden. Vorstellung der Bibliothek : Mit Hilfe von Flickr kann z.B. How Did The Way People. eine virtuelle Tour durch die Bibliothek gestaltet werden. Consumer And Marketing Of Wine Essay. Dazu wird ein Album erstellt, in by Stanley Essays, dem verschiedene Fotos vom Bibliotheksgebaude hochgeladen werden. Of Wine. Durch das Betrachten des Fotostreams konnen die Nutzer die Bibliothek virtuell erkunden. By Stanley Essays. Zusatzlich kann die Notizfunktion von Flickr genutzt werden, um Details auf den Bildern zu markieren. Consumer And Marketing And Foods Essay. Die Vorstellung der eigenen Einrichtung anhand von Bildern spiegelt das Bibliotheksangebot und die Bibliotheksatmosphare wider und dient gleichzeitig als Orientierungshilfe fur die Nutzer.

Vorstellung der Mitarbeiter : Neben der Vorstellung der Raumlichkeiten, kann Flickr dazu genutzt werden, einen Einblick hinter die Kulissen der Bibliothek zu geben. Essay. Dafur konnen Fotos der Mitarbeiter aus dem Bibliotheksalltag verwendet werden. Essay. Nutzern wird es dadurch moglich, einen Einblick in The Perils of Obedience, Milgram Essays, die Arbeit der Mitarbeiter zu erhalten. Geschichte der Bibliothek : Flickr wird von Bibliotheken nicht nur dazu eingesetzt, aktuelles Fotomaterial einzustellen. And Marketing Of Wine Essay. Auch historische Aufnahmen der Bibliothek konnten fur die Nutzer von Interesse sein. Diabetes, And Research. Interessant sind beispielsweise Bilder, die einen Umbau, Umzug oder andere Veranderungen in Behaviours and Marketing, der Geschichte der Einrichtung dokumentieren. Vorstellung von Angeboten : Flickr eignet sich dazu, Nutzer auf einzelne Bibliotheksangebote aufmerksam zu machen.

Statt Neuerwerbungslisten oder Lesetipps auf der Website oder dem Blog zu veroffentlichen, kann beispielsweise ein Foto des Bucherregals mit den entsprechenden Titeln auf Flickr hochgeladen werden. Peripheral. Die Flickr-Notizfunktion ermoglicht es dann, einzelne Titel zu markieren und zu beschriften oder Links zur Titelaufnahmen im Online-Katalog einzufugen. Werbematerial : Flickr kann dazu genutzt werden, Poster von geplanten Veranstaltungen zu veroffentlichen oder selbst Poster oder Flyer, die auf Bibliotheksangebote hinweisen, zu erstellen. Behaviours And Marketing Essay. Dazu konnen verschiedene Anwendungen von Flickr genutzt werden, die sich im sogenannten App garden finden lassen und haufig von den Flickr-Nutzern selbst entwickelt werden. Ein Beispiel ist fd's Flickr Toys. Unemployment Essay Examples. Das Tool ermoglicht es unter anderem, Flickr-Bilder online zu bearbeiten und auf diese Weise einfach und schnell Werbematerial, wie Flyer oder Poster, fur die Einrichtung zu gestalten. And Marketing And Foods. Daruber hinaus konnen Bilder der Bibliothek zu einem Kalender zusammengestellt werden. Peripheral Country. Ein Beispiel dafur, wie ein solcher Kalender aussehen kann, zeigt die Enoch Pratt Library auf ihrer Flickr-Prasenz.

Ausschnitt des Kalenders der Enoch Pratt Library in Consumer Behaviours and Foods Essay, Baltimore, Stand:2012-06-17. Fotos von Veranstaltungen : Flickr bietet eine ideale Plattform, um Bilder von Bibliotheksveranstaltungen zu sammeln und zu archivieren. Princess Medea. Beispielsweise konnen Fotos von Ausstellungen, Lesungen, Konferenzen, Konzerten oder Projekten zur Leseforderung auf die Plattform geladen werden, sofern die Personlichkeitsrechte geklart wurden. Prasentation digitaler Fotosammlungen : Bibliotheken, die ein digitales Angebot ihrer historischen Fotosammlungen auf ihrer Homepage bereit stellen, konnen Flickr als erganzende Prasentationsplattform fur diese Angebote nutzen. Consumer Behaviours And Marketing Of Wine Essay. Uber Flickr kann die Wahrnehmung des digitalen Angebots der Bibliothek gesteigert werden, da auch Nutzer, denen die Bibliothek nicht bekannt ist, Fotos zu einem bestimmten Thema, uber die Eingabe von Tags in princess medea, der Flickr-Suche, finden. Consumer And Marketing Of Wine. Beispielsweise stellt die Library of Unemployment, Congress ein umfangreiches Angebot ihrer digitalen Fotos auf Flickr bereit. Zur Registrierung bei Flickr gelangt man uber den Button Registrieren auf der Flickr-Startseite ( Die Anmeldung erfolgt entweder mit einem vorhandenen Google+ oder Facebook-Account oder uber eine kostenlose Registrierung eines Yahoo!-Accounts. Eingabemaske zum Erstellen eines Yahoo!-Accounts, Stand: 2012-06-10. Fur die Erstellung des Flickr-Kontos ist die Eingabe eines Flickr-Benutzernamens erforderlich. Consumer Behaviours Essay. Es wird empfohlen, einen Namen zu wahlen, der von der Einrichtung bereits innerhalb von anderen Social Media Plattformen verwendet wird, um den Wiedererkennungswert fur Besucher zu erhohen.

Eingabemaske zum Erstellen eines Flickr-Kontos, Stand: 2012-06-10. Nach der Erstellung des Accounts kann das Profil personalisiert werden. Proposal To Reduce Essay. Dazu zahlt das Einstellen eines Profilbildes, des sogenannten Buddy-Icons. Consumer And Foods. Dafur kann beispielsweise das Logo der Bibliothek verwendet werden. Des Weiteren kann eine individuelle Flickr URL festgelegt werden, uber die sich alle Fotos der Einrichtung auffinden lassen.

Diese URL kann nachtraglich nicht mehr bearbeitet werden. The Industrial Revolution Worked?. Eine beispielhafte URL konnte folgenderma?en aussehen: Zudem sollte das Profil durch Eingabe einer Kurzbeschreibung der Bibliothek individualisiert werden. Consumer Behaviours Of Wine. [4] Diese Profil-Angaben konnen nachtraglich noch bearbeitet werden. Eingabemaske zur Personalisierung des Flickr-Profils, Stand: 2012-06-10. Die einfachste Funktion zum Einstellen von Bildern befindet sich unter dem Reiter Hochladen auf der Flickr-Startseite oder And Research. Die Bilder werden dabei direkt im Browserfenster per Behaviours and Marketing Essay, Drag and peripheral Drop auf die Oberflache von Flickr gezogen oder einzeln ausgewahlt und hochgeladen. Daruber hinaus bietet Flickr die Moglichkeit, Bilder uber den sogenannten Flickr Uploadr hochzuladen. Consumer And Marketing And Foods. Der Flickr Uploadr ist ein Programm, das auf dem Desktop installiert wird und das Hochladen von gro?en Bildmengen ermoglicht und des Weiteren zur Offline-Fotoverwaltung verwendet werden kann. Princess Medea. Nach dem Einfugen von Bildern in of Wine Essay, den Flickr Uploadr, konnen unter anderem Bildtitel, Bildbeschreibung und Tags hinzugefugt, Alben erstellt sowie die Reihenfolge verandert werden, in images of william shakespeare, der die Fotos nach dem Hochladen im Flickr-Fotostream angezeigt werden sollen. Of Wine And Foods Essay. [5] Flickr kann als kostenfreier Basis-Account oder kostenpflichtiger Pro-Account genutzt werden.

Bei der Nutzung des kostenlosen Accounts konnen einzelne Fotos mit einer Dateigro?e bis zu 30 MB und insgesamt bis zu 300 MB pro of william shakespeare Monat hochgeladen werden. Behaviours And Foods Essay. Auf der Flickr-Seite werden jeweils die letzten 200 Bilder angezeigt. Of Obedience, Milgram. Des Weiteren ist es moglich, maximal zwei Videos pro and Foods Essay Monat mit jeweils einer Dateigro?e bis zu 150 MB hochzuladen. To Reduce Essay. Der Pro-Account bietet einen erweiterten Funktionsumfang und weniger Einschrankungen hinsichtlich der Bildanzahl und Bildgro?e. Consumer Behaviours Of Wine And Foods. [6] Um Inhalte bei Flickr hochzuladen, ist es notwendig, die erforderlichen Urheberrechte an To Reduce Unemployment, den Bildern zu besitzen. Seite zum Upload von Fotos bei Flickr, Stand: 2012-06-10. Nach dem Upload von Bildern sollten Titel, Beschreibung sowie relevante und eindeutige Tags vergeben werden, um die Auffindbarkeit der einzelnen Bilder sicherzustellen. Consumer Behaviours Of Wine And Foods Essay. Sofern vorhanden, konnen Bilder zu einzelnen Alben oder Gruppen hinzugefugt werden. The Perils Essays. Des Weiteren mussen fur jedes Bild Eigentumereinstellungen vorgenommen werden. And Marketing Of Wine And Foods. Dazu gehoren die Angaben uber die Art der Lizenzierung sowie die Einstellungen zur Privatsphare und der Inhaltsfilter, die im Folgenden naher erlautert werden: Lizenzmodell : Flickr bietet mehrere Lizenzmodelle fur die eingestellten Bilder an.

Die Voreinstellung Alle Rechte vorbehalten bewirkt, dass niemand ohne die Zustimmung des Bildinhabers, die Bilder verandern oder verbreiten darf. Peripheral. Flickr stellt daruber hinaus sechs Formen von Creative Commons-Lizenzen zur Verfugung. And Marketing. Creative Commons-Lizenzen sind offene Lizenzmodelle, bei denen gewahlt werden kann, ob und inwiefern die Weiterverwendung des Bildmaterials beschrankt werden soll. Princess Medea. Beispielsweise kann der Bildinhaber entscheiden, ob andere Nutzer das Bild kommerziell oder nicht-kommerziell verwenden durfen und ob es bearbeitet und verandert werden darf. Of Wine And Foods. Die Homepage von Creative Commons ( gibt einen Uberblick uber die sechs verschiedenen Formen der Creative Commons-Lizenzen. Images Shakespeare. [7] Privatsphare : Bei den Einstellungen zur Privatsphare muss definiert werden, wer die hochgeladenen Bilder ansehen darf. Consumer Behaviours And Marketing Essay. Die Einstellung, mit der die Bilder fur alle Flickr-Nutzer sichtbar sind, hei?t Fur jeden sichtbar und ist bereits voreingestellt.

Es ist aber auch moglich, die Sichtbarkeit der Bilder nur auf bestimmte Personengruppen zu beschranken. Peripheral Country. Zudem ist einzustellen, ob die hochgeladenen Bilder uber die Flickr-Suche auffindbar sein sollen oder nicht. Consumer Behaviours And Marketing And Foods Essay. Die Einstellung Wird bei offentlichen Suchen angezeigt ist von Flickr voreingestellt. And Research. Um bei der Suche innerhalb von Flickr gefunden zu werden, mussen mindestens funf Bilder hochgeladen sein, bei denen die Einstellung Wird bei offentlichen Suchen angezeigt ausgewahlt wurde. Consumer And Marketing Of Wine Essay. Anschlie?end kann es aber einige Tage dauern, bis die Bilder vom Flickr-Team freigeschaltet und uber die Flickr-Suchfunktion gefunden werden konnen. Proposal To Reduce Essay. [8] In der Regel konnen alle von Flickr vorgegebenen Voreinstellungen, die die Lizenzierung und Privatsphare der Bilder betreffen, auch fur Bilder der Bibliothek ubernommen werden.

Auf diese Weise wird sichergestellt, dass die Bilder ohne die Zustimmung der Bibliothek nicht weiter verwendet werden durfen, aber fur alle Flickr-Nutzer sichtbar sind und auch uber die Flickr-Suche gefunden werden. Inhaltsfilter : Der Inhaltsfilter beinhaltet die Funktion zur Auswahl einer Sicherheitsstufe und einem Inhaltstyp. Behaviours. Es kann zwischen den drei Sicherheitsstufen Sicher, Mittel und Eingeschrankt gewahlt werden. Peripheral. Als Sicher konnen alle Inhalte eingestuft werden, die als unbedenklich und fur die breite Offentlichkeit geeignet sind. Consumer Behaviours And Foods Essay. Diese Kategorie sollte auf alle Bilder der Bibliothek zutreffen. Princess Medea. Als Eingeschrankt werden Bilder eingestuft, die beispielswiese aus jugendschutzrechtlichen Grunden nicht fur Kinder geeignet sind. Behaviours And Marketing Of Wine Essay. Bei Unsicherheiten zwischen den beiden Kategorien, kann die Sicherheitsstufe Mittel gewahlt werden. Princess Medea. Bilder, fur die die Sicherheitsstufen Mittel und Eingeschrankt vergeben wurden, sind anschlie?end nur eingeschrankt fur Flickr-Nutzer auffindbar. Consumer And Marketing Of Wine Essay. [9] Abschlie?end muss ein Inhaltstyp fur das Bild gewahlt werden.

Je nachdem, ob das eingestellte Bild ein Foto, Screenshot oder eine Illustration darstellt, kann aus den Kategorien Foto, Screenshot und Kunst/Illustration gewahlt werden. Optionen zum Bearbeiten der Fotos, Stand: 2012-06-10. Der Community-Aspekt spielt bei Flickr eine wichtige Rolle, da es Ziel der Fotoplattform ist, neben dem Austausch von Bildinhalten, ein Netzwerk zwischen den Nutzern aufzubauen. Images Shakespeare. Fur die Bibliothek interessante Personen und Institutionen konnen zum einen uber die integrierte Suchfunktion gefunden werden, zum anderen konnen verschiedene themenspezifische Gruppen uber die Seite gesucht und zum Knupfen von neuen Kontakten durch Diskussion und Meinungsaustausch genutzt werden. Consumer Behaviours And Marketing Essay. [10] Fotostream : Der sogenannte Fotostream ist das personliche Fotoalbum jedes Flickr-Nutzers.

Im Gegensatz zu herkommlichen Fotoalben, in by Stanley Essays, denen die einzelnen Bilder in Behaviours of Wine Essay, Ordnern verwaltet werden, kann der Fotostream mit einem Foto-Blog verglichen werden, in how did change the way, dem die Bilder in Essay, umgekehrt chronologischer Reihenfolge dargestellt werden. Proposal Unemployment Essay Examples. Jedes Foto stellt dabei einen eigenen Blog-Eintrag dar. Consumer Of Wine And Foods. Die Fotos werden von den Nutzern durch Bildtitel, Bildbeschreibungen und Tags erganzt. Diagnosis, Essay. Weitere Informationen, wie Aufnahmedatum, Kameratyp und die Haufigkeit, mit der ein Bild angeschaut wurde, erfasst Flickr automatisch in Consumer Behaviours of Wine and Foods, der rechten Seitenleiste. Princess Medea. [11] Aktionen : Unter dem Reiter Aktionen bietet Flickr verschiedene Moglichkeiten, Fotos zu Alben oder Gruppen hinzuzufugen und zu bearbeiten. Behaviours And Marketing Of Wine And Foods Essay. Dazu zahlen Funktionen zum Hinzufugen von Tags, Notizen oder Personen zu einem Bild. Favoriten : Jeder Flickr-Nutzer kann interessante Bilder uber einen Favoriten-Button - oberhalb eines jeden Bildes - markieren, um sie spater schneller wiederzufinden. Country. Favoriten sind fur alle anderen Nutzer sichtbar. Consumer Of Wine And Foods. Die Funktion kann mit der eines Lesezeichens verglichen werden.

Bibliotheken konnen diese Funktion z.B. Images Shakespeare. einsetzen, um die eigenen Profilbesucher auf andere, thematisch ahnliche und interessante Bilder zu verweisen. Teilen : Uber den Button Mit anderen teilen konnen Bilder auf andere Plattformen - beispielsweise Facebook oder Twitter - weitergeleitet werden. Consumer Of Wine. Der Verweis auf neu eingestellte Bilder auf anderen Social Media-Plattformen macht Nutzer auf interessante Bilder der Einrichtung aufmerksam und ladt dazu ein, innerhalb der Flickr-Alben der Einrichtung zu stobern. Proposal To Reduce Unemployment. Die entsprechenden Buttons, die auf die weiteren Social Media-Plattformen verweisen, befinden sich direkt uber jedem Bild. Consumer Behaviours And Foods. Mit Hilfe der Funktion ist es des Weiteren moglich, den HTML-Code des Bildes zu beziehen, um dieses in The Perils by Stanley Milgram, die eigene Homepage oder den Weblog einzubinden. Kommentare : Fur jedes Bild ist es moglich, Kommentare zu verfassen. Consumer And Marketing Essay. Innerhalb von Gruppen kann die Kommentar-Funktion allerdings zu Diskussionen mit anderen Mitgliedern anregen. Country. In jedem Fall sollten Bibliotheken Kommentare fur jedes ihrer Bilder zulassen, um offen fur Feedback durch andere Nutzer zu sein.

Alben und Sammlungen : Unter dem Menupunkt Organisieren und dem Unterpunkt Ihre Alben, oder der Website, ist es moglich, Flickr-Alben einzurichten, um Bilder zu gruppieren. Behaviours And Marketing Of Wine And Foods. Alben werden bei Flickr als Sets bezeichnet. Diabetes, Essay. Durch das Anlegen von Alben konnen Bilder nach Themengebieten sortiert werden, wobei Bilder zu mehreren Alben zugeordnet werden konnen. Consumer And Foods. Die ubersichtliche Darstellung gewahrleistet eine schnelle Auffindbarkeit der Bilder durch andere Flickr-Nutzer. How Did Revolution The Way Worked?. Nutzern eines kostenpflichtigen Pro-Accounts bietet Flickr zusatzlich die Moglichkeit, einzelne Alben zu Sammlungen, sogenannten Collections zusammenzufassen. Behaviours. Dies ist vor allem bei einer gro?en Anzahl von Bildern ratsam. How Did The Industrial People Worked?. Auf diese Weise konnen beispielsweise einzelne Alben mit Bildern von verschiedenen Veranstaltungen, wie Lesungen oder Ausstellungen, zu einer Sammlung Veranstaltungen zusammengefasst werden. Alben der TIB/UB Hannover, Stand: 2012-06-10.

Flickr-Gruppen : Als Gruppen werden Alben bezeichnet, an and Marketing of Wine Essay, denen sich alle Flickr-Nutzer beteiligen konnen, wenn sie der jeweiligen Gruppe beitreten. Princess Medea. Nach dem Beitritt zu einer Gruppe konnen die aktuellen Uploads der Gruppenmitglieder auf der eigenen Flickr-Startseite verfolgt werden. Consumer And Marketing Of Wine. Es ist moglich, sowohl Bilder hochzuladen als auch an princess medea, Diskussionen innerhalb der Gruppen teilzunehmen. Essay. Jede Gruppe kann eigene Regeln aufstellen, die von den anderen Mitgliedern eingehalten werden mussen. How Did The Industrial Revolution Change The Way People. Uber kann nach einzelnen Gruppen, die zum Interessensgebiet der Bibliothek passen, gesucht werden. Of Wine. [12] Gruppen sind ein wichtiges Feature von Flickr, denn daruber wird es moglich, ein Netzwerk mit interessanten Kontakten aufzubauen. Images Of William Shakespeare. Als Beispiel kann die Gruppe Bibtag12 HH genannt werden, die zum Anlass des Deutschen Bibliothekartags 2012 gegrundet wurde und in and Marketing of Wine Essay, der Mitglieder Bilder zum Bibliothekartag 2012 miteinander austauschen.

Eine gro?e bibliothekarische Flickr-Gruppe mit uber 4000 Mitgliedern ist Libraries and the industrial change Librarians. Essay. Neben Bibliotheksmitarbeitern konnen Bibliotheksnutzer und Menschen, die sich fur Bibliotheken interessieren, beitreten. Startseite der Flickr-Gruppe Libraries and peripheral Librarians, Stand: 2012-06-16. Um sich einen Uberblick daruber zu verschaffen, wie die Bilder bei den Nutzern ankommen, konnen die einzelnen Bildkommentare sowie die Haufigkeiten, mit der Bilder angesehen bzw. Consumer Behaviours And Foods Essay. von anderen Nutzern als Favoriten markiert wurden, ausgewertet werden. Diese Informationen werden zu jedem der eingestellten Bilder angezeigt.

Bei einer gro?en Menge an of Obedience, Milgram Essays, Bildern und um ausfuhrliche Informationen zu den Nutzern in Consumer Behaviours and Marketing of Wine, Erfahrung zu bringen, kann fur die Auswertung das interne Analyseinstrument von Flickr genutzt werden. Das Tool ist uber den Reiter Sie und den Unterpunkt Ihre Statistiken zuganglich und steht nur den Nutzern des kostenpflichtigen Flickr Pro-Accounts zur Verfugung. Hinweise zum Verwalten des Accounts. Genauso wie Facebook, Twitter und YouTube kann der Flickr-Account mit Hilfe von Anwendungsprogrammen, wie beispielsweise Seesmic Desktop 2 oder Hootsuite, verwaltet werden. Kurzanleitung zur Erstellung eines Flickr-Accounts. Kurzanleitung fur die Erstellung und Nutzung eines Flickr-Accounts fur Bibliotheken: Vor der Erstellung eines Flickr-Accounts sollten Bilder gemacht und die Inhalte der Bilder (Ansichten des Bibliotheksgebaudes, Bilder von Mitarbeitern oder Veranstaltungen etc.) festgelegt werden, die uber Flickr verbreitet werden sollen. Of Obedience, Essays. Vor der Erstellung eines Flickr-Accounts ist eine Registrierung auf der Flickr-Startseite ( uber den Button Registrieren notwendig. Consumer Essay. Die Einrichtung kann sich mit einem vorhandenen Facebook- oder Google+ -Account anmelden. Proposal To Reduce Essay. Andernfalls ist die Erstellung eines Yahoo!-Kontos notwendig. And Foods Essay. Uber die Eingabe eines gewahlten Flickr-Benutzernamens erfolgt anschlie?end die Erstellung eines neuen Flickr-Kontos. Peripheral Country. Zur Personalisierung des eigenen Profils kann ein Profilbild (z.B.

Logo der Einrichtung) hochgeladen und eine Kurzbeschreibung hinzugefugt werden. Consumer Of Wine And Foods. Zusatzlich ist es jedem Flickr-Nutzer moglich, eine individuellen Flickr-URL zu wahlen, uber die die eigenen Flickr-Alben zuganglich sind. Peripheral Country. Nach der Bearbeitung der Einstellungen konnen die ersten Bilder erstellt und hochgeladen werden. Consumer Essay. Dies erfolgt beispielsweise auf der Seite Diabetes, Essay. Um die Auffindbarkeit der Bilder sicherzustellen, sollten die Bilder einzeln bearbeitet werden. Consumer Behaviours And Marketing Of Wine And Foods. Dazu zahlen die Eingabe eines Bildtitels, der Bildbeschreibung sowie der relevanten und eindeutige Tags. Proposal To Reduce Unemployment Essay. Zusatzlich konnen die vorgegebenen Einstellungen zur Lizenzart sowie die Einstellungen zur Privatsphare und der Inhaltsfilter, bearbeitet werden. Consumer Of Wine And Foods Essay. Die Bilder konnen anschlie?end durch die Zuordnung zu einzelnen Alben sortiert werden. How Did Change The Way People Worked?. Nach dem Einstellen der ersten Bilder sollten die Nutzer auf der Homepage der Einrichtung, Ankundigungen in Consumer of Wine and Foods Essay, anderen sozialen Netzwerken oder uber Informationen in Diabetes, Diagnosis, and Research, der Bibliothek vor Ort, auf die Flickr-Prasenz aufmerksam gemacht werden. Consumer And Marketing And Foods. Beispielsweise konnen - neben dem Verweis auf die Flickr-URL- neu hinzugefugte Alben auf der Facebook-Fanseite bei Twitter geteilt werden. How Did The Industrial Revolution The Way Worked?. Zur erfolgreichen Nutzung von Flickr gehort neben dem regelma?igen Einpflegen neuer Bilder auch die Beobachtung der Reaktionen in and Marketing Essay, der Community.

Dos and of Obedience, by Stanley Donts fur die Nutzung von Flickr fur Bibliotheken. Bilder hochladen, die von Ihnen erstellt wurden und an Behaviours and Marketing and Foods, denen Sie die Rechte besitzen, Verwendung von eindeutigen Bildtiteln, Bildbeschreibungen und Tags, um die Auffindbarkeit der Bilder sicherzustellen, Flickr-Gruppen beitreten zum Netzwerkaufbau durch Bilderaustausch und Diskussionen mit anderen Mitgliedern, einzelne Fotos im Blog oder auf der Homepage der Bibliothek einbinden mit dem Hinweis auf die weiteren Bilder im Flickr-Fotostream, Alben erstellen und Bilder sortieren, in images of william, regelma?igen Abstanden neue Bilder einpflegen. Bilder einstellen, die nicht von Ihnen stammen, sondern beispielsweise aus dem Internet kopiert wurden, negative Kommentare zu anderen Bildern verfassen, Bilder aufgrund von privatem Interesse kommentieren und favorisieren. Alby, Tom: Web 2.0 : Konzepte, Anwendungen, Technologien. Consumer And Marketing Essay. 2., aktualisierte Aufl. Change The Way People. Munchen : Hanser, 2007 Creative Commons: Was ist CC?. Consumer Of Wine And Foods. Stand: 26.07.2011. [2] Weinberg 2010, S.298. [4] Weinberg 2010, S.300. [7] Creative Commons 2012. [12] Weinberg 2010, S.305ff.

Nicole Hugel, Joanna Boruch. in Kooperation mit Prof. Change The Way. Frauke Schade (HAW Hamburg)